Rujroad Photography
Digital Photography I
The Basics
Rujroad
Photography
rujroadk@msn.com
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography2
Photography
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γραφις graphis (“ ", “ ")
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–
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, makes
silhouettesrujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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silhouettes)
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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Overcast Light – , ,
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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(Quality)


Direction

(Contrast)

 Difference between the lightest and darkest tones of the subject or image
(Sou...
13
(Color)
 : Red, Green and Blue
 “ ” –
 “ ” –
 Expressed in Kelvin (K):
 ~ 3000K
 Fluorescent ~ 4100K
 Flash ~ 54...
White Balance)
4100K (Fluorescent)
3000K (Incandescent)
5200K
(Sunlight)
8000K
(Shade)
5400K (Flash)
6000K (Cloudy)
15
Exposure
Composition
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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(Exposure)
“Photographic Triangle”
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
Shutter Speed
ApertureISO
CCD/CMOS se...
17
Shutter
CCD
Image source: www.howstuffworks.com
Image source: VisibleDust
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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Shutter Speed – Fast
1/1600 sec., stops action
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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Shutter Speed – Slow
1/60 sec. pan Left
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
0.3 sec.
3 sec.
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 (overexposed)
 (underexposed)
 Speed shutter : 1/8000,
1/4000, 1/2000 1/1000, 1/500, 1/250, 1/60, 1/30,
1/15, 1/8, ...
21
(Aperture)
iris )
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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 f-stop
number:
1.4 2.0 2.8 4 5.6 8
11 16 22

1 stop

F/16
F/8
 f-stop
 f/2 50mm
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digita...
23
Aperture And Depth Of Field
f/2.8 f/16
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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




rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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The following reciprocals will yield the same exposure:
What changes is how much is sharp and in focus.
f/2.8 1/500 sec...
26




 (Matrix/Evaluative),
Center-weighted, (Spot metering)
 “ 18%” “ ”

rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photo...
27 rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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Exposure
Compensation)

 +/- 2 EV (Exposure
Value) in steps of 0.3 EV

rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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ISO


(hence, ISO) – 100, 200, 400, 800,
 ISO noise

ISO
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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 ASA – American Standards Association. Most
common film speed rating in the U.S. until the
conversion to ISO. Only the...
31
Higher ISO = More Noise! 
ISO 3200
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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…
Exposure :
Shutter Speed
Aperture –
ISO –
:
White Balance –
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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…
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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Cameras
Three popular types of cameras on
the market for the consumer
Point-and-shoot SLR (Single-lens Reflex)
rujroadk...
35
Cameras
Point-and-shoot
 Viewfinder separate from
lens
 Small and compact
 Fixed lens
 Shutter delay
 Usually full...
mirror less camera
rujroadk@msn.com rujroad- Digital Photography36
Between Compact and DSLR
CCD bigger than Compact
Can ch...
37
Point-and-shoot Anatomy
 Viewfinder separate from lens (better to use LCD on digital)
 Actual image (as exposed) is n...
38
SLR Anatomy
 Through-the-lens (TTL) viewing (works like a periscope)
 Actual image (as exposed) is shown in the viewf...
39

 ,






 ISO ISO

 ISO, Shutter
speed, aperture, Metadata
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
40


medium
or large format
 Full
Frame)
x
 Blown highlights – no information means no
information; film is better at ...
41




 shutter lag


 Slide shows – projectors designed for business graphics
render poor photographic quality an...
42
Choosing A Digital Camera
!
Pixel
.
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
43
Megapixel Madness
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
44
?


6MP ~ 3008 x 2000 pixels (Nikon D70)
3008/300 = 10.027 in.
2000/300 = 6.667 in.


 .
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk...
The following chart can be used as a guide to help you decide what resolution camera you should purchase
rujroadk@msn.com ...
rujroadk@msn.com rujroad- Digital Photography46
Poor Noticeably Grainy (pixelated)
Acceptable Obviously not a real photo, ...
47
?

?



 Sharpness
 Distortion
 (optical vs. digital)
 Digital zoom ! 

 Built-in flash
 Red-eye reduction
...
48
About The Cards
Pick One
Compact Flash SD MiniSD xD
MultiMediaCard RS-MMC
(Reduced-Size
MultiMediaCard)
SmartMedia Memo...
49

 Format the card
 Set up the camera
 Date and time
 Bells and whistles (literally!)
 Digital zoom – if you can t...

 DSLR



 Processrujroadk@msn.com rujroad- Digital Photography50
51
:
Exposure
Composition
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
52
Composition
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
53
Composition
 There are established “guidelines”,
but ultimately, it’s about your
artistic vision
 Very subjective
 N...
54
Simplify
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
55 rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
Simplify
56
Simplif
y
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
Simplify
57
Simplif
y
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
58 rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
Simplif
y
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Composition)






rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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Composition
 Photoshop!
 “Photoshop doesn’t make a bad photograph good, it makes a
bad photograph big.”



rujroad...
61
Rule Of Thirds)
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
rujroadk@msn.com rujroad- Digital Photography62
63
!
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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Tips For Better Composition
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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Learn, Practice, Then Forget
, ,
!
You are only limited by
your own creativity!
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Phot...
68
Now That You Have Your
Pictures
Time for the workflow
Why do you need a workflow?
Because your photos are trapped in yo...
69
Now That You Have Your
Pictures
Typical Post-capture Workflow:
Download And
Store
File naming
Storage
Metadata Edit
Cro...
70
Download And Store
 Downloading directly from the camera can be slow
 usually USB 2.0 – maximum transfer rate of 480
...
71
! Backups!
Backups!
CD
DVD 5-10
!
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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

 ,

 metadata
 EXIF (Exchangeable Image File Format)
 IPTC (The International Press Telecommunications
Council...
73

 EXIF
 IPTC
 File names
 Folder names
 Allows searching of your photos regardless of
where they are
 Popular so...
74
Time To Edit
 Crop and straighten
 Tone and contrast
 Color correction
 Creative sharpening
 Many software package...
75
Adobe
Photoshop?
Because it’s the best!
Because the camera is good, but you might be able
to do better in post
Because ...
76
Why Adobe Photoshop?
Because you may
want to create a
piece of art out of
your photos…
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digit...
77
Adobe Photoshop Family
 Adobe Photoshop Album 2.0 – casual
snapshooters
 Adobe Photoshop Album Starter Edition 3.0
 ...
78
Sharing Your Photos
 Print
 Desktop printers
 Commercial printing services
 Shutterfly, Ofoto, etc.
 Costco
 Web
...
79
Printing Tips

 Set the correct printer and paper (including size,
orientation, fit on paper)
 Your software gives y...
80

Mbyte

dpi, 4 pixels

winzip

rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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Web Tips
 If you have already enhanced your
photos, make sure your service
(Shutterfly, Ofoto, etc.) doesn’t
enhance t...
82
Sharpening
 In digital terms, adding adjacent light and dark
pixels to enhance contrast
 Amount – how much (gas pedal...
Rujroad Photography
…
84
“Good art comes of good
craftspersonship.”
rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
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Photography
 The Digital Photography Book Scott Kelby
 Digital photography: expert techniques Ken Milburn
 The Adobe...
Rujroad Photography
Rujroad
Photography
rujroadk@msn.com
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  1. 1. Rujroad Photography Digital Photography I The Basics Rujroad Photography rujroadk@msn.com
  2. 2. rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography2 Photography φως phos (“ ") γραφις graphis (“ ", “ ")
  3. 3. 3 “ rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  4. 4. 4 – , rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  5. 5. 5 – , rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  6. 6. 6 – rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  7. 7. 7 rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  8. 8. 8 rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  9. 9. 9 , makes silhouettesrujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  10. 10. 10 silhouettes) rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  11. 11. 11 Overcast Light – , , rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  12. 12. 12 (Quality)   Direction  (Contrast)   Difference between the lightest and darkest tones of the subject or image (Source) (Ambient) – daylight, tungsten, fluorescent, firelight (Artificial) – flash, tungsten (Intensity)     , rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  13. 13. 13 (Color)  : Red, Green and Blue  “ ” –  “ ” –  Expressed in Kelvin (K):  ~ 3000K  Fluorescent ~ 4100K  Flash ~ 5400K   Day light ~ 5200K  Cloudy) ~ 6000K  Shade) ~ 8000K  Referred to as “White Balance” in digital photography. rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  14. 14. White Balance) 4100K (Fluorescent) 3000K (Incandescent) 5200K (Sunlight) 8000K (Shade) 5400K (Flash) 6000K (Cloudy)
  15. 15. 15 Exposure Composition rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  16. 16. 16 (Exposure) “Photographic Triangle” rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography Shutter Speed ApertureISO CCD/CMOS sensor
  17. 17. 17 Shutter CCD Image source: www.howstuffworks.com Image source: VisibleDust rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  18. 18. 18 Shutter Speed – Fast 1/1600 sec., stops action rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  19. 19. 19 Shutter Speed – Slow 1/60 sec. pan Left rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography 0.3 sec. 3 sec.
  20. 20. 20  (overexposed)  (underexposed)  Speed shutter : 1/8000, 1/4000, 1/2000 1/1000, 1/500, 1/250, 1/60, 1/30, 1/15, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 1 , 2 30 ,  1 stop   rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  21. 21. 21 (Aperture) iris ) rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  22. 22. 22  f-stop number: 1.4 2.0 2.8 4 5.6 8 11 16 22  1 stop  F/16 F/8  f-stop  f/2 50mm rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  23. 23. 23 Aperture And Depth Of Field f/2.8 f/16 rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  24. 24. 24      rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  25. 25. 25 The following reciprocals will yield the same exposure: What changes is how much is sharp and in focus. f/2.8 1/500 sec. f/4 1/250 sec. f/5.6 1/125 sec. f/8 1/60 sec. f/11 1/30 sec. f/16 1/15 sec. f/22 1/8 sec. rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  26. 26. 26      (Matrix/Evaluative), Center-weighted, (Spot metering)  “ 18%” “ ”  rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  27. 27. 27 rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  28. 28. 28 Exposure Compensation)   +/- 2 EV (Exposure Value) in steps of 0.3 EV  rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  29. 29. 29 ISO   (hence, ISO) – 100, 200, 400, 800,  ISO noise  ISO rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  30. 30. 30  ASA – American Standards Association. Most common film speed rating in the U.S. until the conversion to ISO. Only the name has changed.  ISO – International Standards Organization. Most common film speed rating in the U.S. Doubling the value doubles the film speed.  DIN – Deutsche Industrie Norm. Based on a logarithmic scale where each increase represents 1/3 stop. E.g. ISO 800/30 on a roll of ISO (ASA) 800 film indicates that the DIN rating is 30. rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  31. 31. 31 Higher ISO = More Noise!  ISO 3200 rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  32. 32. 32 … Exposure : Shutter Speed Aperture – ISO – : White Balance – rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  33. 33. 33 … rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  34. 34. 34 Cameras Three popular types of cameras on the market for the consumer Point-and-shoot SLR (Single-lens Reflex) rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography Mirror Less Cam
  35. 35. 35 Cameras Point-and-shoot  Viewfinder separate from lens  Small and compact  Fixed lens  Shutter delay  Usually fully automatic (some exceptions, like Olympus C-series) SLR (Single-lens Reflex)  Based on 35mm design  Actual image seen in viewfinder  Interchangeable lenses (more flexible composition)  Ability to use filters  More advanced metering and shutter system  Little to no shutter delay  Automatic, Program (“Scene”), Shutter Priority, Aperture Priority and Manual modes  Flash hot shoe  Pro models may not have pop-up flash or Program (“scene”) modes rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  36. 36. mirror less camera rujroadk@msn.com rujroad- Digital Photography36 Between Compact and DSLR CCD bigger than Compact Can change Lens No Viewfinder Direct Light to Censor Smaller than DSLR Semi Pro models High Quality image
  37. 37. 37 Point-and-shoot Anatomy  Viewfinder separate from lens (better to use LCD on digital)  Actual image (as exposed) is not quite the same as in the viewfinder  Much simpler design than SLRs. Light Path Lens Camera Body Viewfinder (front) Shutter Sensor or Film Viewfinder Focal Length LCD Screen (Digital) rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  38. 38. 38 SLR Anatomy  Through-the-lens (TTL) viewing (works like a periscope)  Actual image (as exposed) is shown in the viewfinder  Mirror flips up when the shutter release is pressed, exposing the sensor (and blacking out the viewfinder)  “Reflex” comes from the use of the mirrors in the viewfinder system. Light Path Lens Camera Body Focusing Screen Mirror (Pentaprism) Mirror (flips up) Shutter Sensor or Film Viewfinder Focal Length LCD Screen (Digital) rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  39. 39. 39   ,        ISO ISO   ISO, Shutter speed, aperture, Metadata rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  40. 40. 40   medium or large format  Full Frame) x  Blown highlights – no information means no information; film is better at rendering overexposed areas more naturally   rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  41. 41. 41      shutter lag    Slide shows – projectors designed for business graphics render poor photographic quality and awful color. rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  42. 42. 42 Choosing A Digital Camera ! Pixel . rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  43. 43. 43 Megapixel Madness rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  44. 44. 44 ?   6MP ~ 3008 x 2000 pixels (Nikon D70) 3008/300 = 10.027 in. 2000/300 = 6.667 in.    . rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  45. 45. The following chart can be used as a guide to help you decide what resolution camera you should purchase rujroadk@msn.com rujroad- Digital Photography45 Digital Camera Resolution Chart Capture Resolution Video Display* Print Size*** 2x3" 4x5"/4x6" 5x7" 8x10" 11x14" 16x20" 20x30" 320x240 Acceptable Good Acceptable Poor Poor Poor Poor Poor 640x480 - 0.3 Megapixel Good Excellent Good Poor Poor Poor Poor Poor 800x600 Excellent Photo Quality Very Good Acceptable Poor Poor Poor Poor 1024x768 Excellent Photo Quality Excellent Good Acceptable Poor Poor Poor 1280x960 - 1 Megapixel Excellent Photo Quality Photo Quality Very Good Good Poor Poor Poor 1536x1180 Excellent** Photo Quality Photo Quality Excellent Very Good Acceptable poor poor 1600x1200 - 2 Megapixel Excellent** Photo Quality Photo Quality Photo Quality Very Good Acceptable Acceptable Poor 2048x1536 - 3 Megapixel Excellent** Photo Quality Photo Quality Photo Quality Excellent Good Acceptable Acceptable 2240x1680 - 4 Megapixel Excellent** Photo Quality Photo Quality Photo QualityPhoto Quality Very Good Good Acceptable 2560x1920 - 5 Megapixel Excellent** Photo Quality Photo Quality Photo QualityPhoto Quality Excellent Very Good Very Good 3032x2008 - 6 Megapixel Excellent** Photo Quality Photo Quality Photo QualityPhoto Quality Photo Quality Excellent Very Good 3072x2304 - 7 Megapixel Excellent** Photo Quality Photo Quality Photo QualityPhoto Quality Photo Quality Excellent Excellent 3264x2448 - 8 Megapixel Excellent** Photo Quality Photo Quality Photo QualityPhoto Quality Photo Quality Photo Quality Excellent 10 Megapixel + Excellent** Photo Quality Photo Quality Photo QualityPhoto Quality Photo Quality Photo Quality Photo Quality
  46. 46. rujroadk@msn.com rujroad- Digital Photography46 Poor Noticeably Grainy (pixelated) Acceptable Obviously not a real photo, but some details are visible Good Can tell it is not a photo but most details are discernable Very Good Can tell it is not a photo at normal distance, but good enough for many uses Excellent Difficult to tell from real photo at normal viewing distance Photo Quality On a photo-quality printer, the human eye should not be able to tell the difference at a normal viewing distance * Either television or computer display (e.g. Web Page) ** Will produce an excessively large file size that would be inappropriate for web applications *** Using a typical Photo Quality Desktop printer
  47. 47. 47 ?  ?     Sharpness  Distortion  (optical vs. digital)  Digital zoom !    Built-in flash  Red-eye reduction  Can you control it?  M,B C-function  mA)  CF SD XD Memory stick  rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  48. 48. 48 About The Cards Pick One Compact Flash SD MiniSD xD MultiMediaCard RS-MMC (Reduced-Size MultiMediaCard) SmartMedia Memory Stick Image source: Lexar rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  49. 49. 49   Format the card  Set up the camera  Date and time  Bells and whistles (literally!)  Digital zoom – if you can turn it off, do it!  Mode: Auto, Program, Aperture Priority, Shutter Priority, Manual  ISO  White balance  Color space (Never mind!)  Image quality and file type  JPEG (Joint Photo Experts Group) – in-camera processing, lossy (small, medium, large), 8-bits (256 shades of color) per channel (16.7 million colors)  TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) – in-camera processing, uncompressed, lossless, 8-bits per channel  RAW – direct output from the sensor, little to no in-camera processing, 12-bit (4096 shades of color) per channel (68.7 billion colors)  ?? rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  50. 50.   DSLR     Processrujroadk@msn.com rujroad- Digital Photography50
  51. 51. 51 : Exposure Composition rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  52. 52. 52 Composition rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  53. 53. 53 Composition  There are established “guidelines”, but ultimately, it’s about your artistic vision  Very subjective  Not always a conscious thing – listen to your heart!  Simplify, Simplify, Simplify! rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  54. 54. 54 Simplify rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  55. 55. 55 rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography Simplify
  56. 56. 56 Simplif y rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography Simplify
  57. 57. 57 Simplif y rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  58. 58. 58 rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography Simplif y
  59. 59. 59 Composition)       rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  60. 60. 60 Composition  Photoshop!  “Photoshop doesn’t make a bad photograph good, it makes a bad photograph big.”    rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  61. 61. 61 Rule Of Thirds) rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  62. 62. rujroadk@msn.com rujroad- Digital Photography62
  63. 63. 63 ! rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  64. 64. 64 rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  65. 65. 65 rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  66. 66. 66 Tips For Better Composition rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  67. 67. 67 Learn, Practice, Then Forget , , ! You are only limited by your own creativity! rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  68. 68. 68 Now That You Have Your Pictures Time for the workflow Why do you need a workflow? Because your photos are trapped in your card and somebody has to liberate them Because it’s too expensive not to get them out and print/email/put-them-on-the-web yourself Because you want artistic control over how your photos are displayed rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  69. 69. 69 Now That You Have Your Pictures Typical Post-capture Workflow: Download And Store File naming Storage Metadata Edit Crop/Straighten Tone Contrast Color correction Sharpening Cataloging Output Printer Email Web Image source: Epson rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  70. 70. 70 Download And Store  Downloading directly from the camera can be slow  usually USB 2.0 – maximum transfer rate of 480 Mbits/sec.  Use a fast external card reader if possible  USB 3.0 capable of up to 5-8 Gbits/sec.  Software available to download, rename, add metadata  Downloader Pro (Breeze Systems)  Photo Mechanic (Camera Bits)  . Use the same file naming scheme for your edits and originals.  Metadata . rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  71. 71. 71 ! Backups! Backups! CD DVD 5-10 ! rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  72. 72. 72    ,   metadata  EXIF (Exchangeable Image File Format)  IPTC (The International Press Telecommunications Council)   Adobe Photoshop  Photo Mechanic  iPhoto rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  73. 73. 73   EXIF  IPTC  File names  Folder names  Allows searching of your photos regardless of where they are  Popular software  Adobe Photoshop Elements  Extensis Portfolio  iView MediaPro  Canto Cumulus rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  74. 74. 74 Time To Edit  Crop and straighten  Tone and contrast  Color correction  Creative sharpening  Many software packages available:  Adobe  Corel  Apple  Microsoft  Extensis  Ulead  JASC  Nova  Free/share-ware  Etc. rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  75. 75. 75 Adobe Photoshop? Because it’s the best! Because the camera is good, but you might be able to do better in post Because your in-camera technique is good, but you might be able to do better in post Because you might have been forced to do something like underexpose on purpose, and only you know how to deal with that rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  76. 76. 76 Why Adobe Photoshop? Because you may want to create a piece of art out of your photos… rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  77. 77. 77 Adobe Photoshop Family  Adobe Photoshop Album 2.0 – casual snapshooters  Adobe Photoshop Album Starter Edition 3.0  Adobe Photoshop Elements 3.0 – photo enthusiasts and most amateur photographers (This is probably all you need!)  Adobe Photoshop CS2 – professional gold standard rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  78. 78. 78 Sharing Your Photos  Print  Desktop printers  Commercial printing services  Shutterfly, Ofoto, etc.  Costco  Web  Online services  Shutterfly, Ofoto, etc.  Web pages (72 dpi)  Email  Good for small files only! (72 dpi) rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  79. 79. 79 Printing Tips   Set the correct printer and paper (including size, orientation, fit on paper)  Your software gives you options, then your printer gives you options – can be confusing  – either let your software manage the colors, or let the printer do it, but not both!  Set the color profile of the paper you’re using  Do a nozzle check beforehand. (Keep scrap plain paper around!)  .  Use third-party inks and paper at your own peril! rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  80. 80. 80  Mbyte  dpi, 4 pixels  winzip  rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  81. 81. 81 Web Tips  If you have already enhanced your photos, make sure your service (Shutterfly, Ofoto, etc.) doesn’t enhance them again!  If you manage your own web pages, use small files (72 dpi)  Software available to create galleries  Adobe Photoshop  CompuPic rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  82. 82. 82 Sharpening  In digital terms, adding adjacent light and dark pixels to enhance contrast  Amount – how much (gas pedal)  Halo (Radius) – how many pixels affected  Threshold – how many surrounding pixels considered “edge”  Different needs  Print: inkjet, laser, offset, etc.  Web/email (screen)  After resizing  Schools of thought  For output only  Workflow (artistic) sharpening rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  83. 83. Rujroad Photography …
  84. 84. 84 “Good art comes of good craftspersonship.” rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  85. 85. 85 rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  86. 86. 86 Photography  The Digital Photography Book Scott Kelby  Digital photography: expert techniques Ken Milburn  The Adobe Photoshop CS5 Book for Digital Photographers  The Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 3 Book for Digital Photographers Scott Kelby  The Photoshop Elements 7 Book for Digital Photographers Scott Kelby  Scott Kelby's Digital Photography Books, Volumes 1, 2, and 3, EPub  Photoshop on the Web Adobe Photoshop (http://www.adobe.com/products/photoshop/overview.html) National Association of Photoshop Professionals (NAPP) (http://www.photoshopuser.com/) a blog/Photoshop site made to house and showcase some of the best Photoshop tutorials (http://psd.tutsplus.com/) Scott founded KelbyTraining.com (http://www.scottkelby.com/) Web Blog for Knowledge about Photography (http://www.digitalpixels.net/) Photoshop News (http://photoshopnews.com/) Photoshop Café (http://www.photoshopcafe.com/) Adobe Evangelists (http://www.adobeevangelists.com/)rujroadk@msn.com Rujroadk- Digital Photography
  87. 87. Rujroad Photography Rujroad Photography rujroadk@msn.com

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