Herbs

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Herbs

  1. 1. Herbs Nicolette Setola
  2. 2. What is a herb? <ul><li>Herbaceous Plant </li></ul><ul><li>Forms fleshy, not woody stem </li></ul><ul><li>Herb is the leafy part of the plant </li></ul><ul><li>Herbs include trees, shrubs, ferns, mosses, algae, fungi, vines, annuals, biennials, and perennials </li></ul><ul><li>Know for variety of uses: medicinal, culinary, fragrance, ornamental and industrial </li></ul><ul><li>About 60 types </li></ul>
  3. 3. Where is the Aroma from? <ul><li>Herbs maintain their pungent aroma and fragrance from its chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: essential oils, alkaloids, acids, steroids, tannins, saponins </li></ul><ul><li>Different extractions are used to obtain a specific chemical </li></ul>
  4. 4. How to extract chemicals? <ul><ul><li>Drying & Freeze Dry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pressing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crushing – mortar and pestle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infusions - hot teas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decoctions - boiled teas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tinctures - alcohol and water extracts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Macerations - cold-soaking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Methods Vary depending on solubility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicinally solubility determines where it can be distributed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Tea can be used to treat anti-inflammatory and tincture used to treat bacteria infections. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. What are the 4 different categories? <ul><li>Aromatic : Oils used for aroma and fragrance in perfumes. Lavender has a pungent smell and Chamomile a more gentle aroma. </li></ul><ul><li>Medicinal : Used for centuries as preventatives and help cure ailments . Mint help relive stomach ache and feverfew for headaches and rheumatism prevention. </li></ul><ul><li>Culinary: Used to add flavor acting like a spice. Rosemary adds a minty but sweet flavor and Thyme adds a clover flavor but a little more subtle. </li></ul><ul><li>Ornamental : Dried herbs used for presentation in rooms, fresh herbs used for presentation of dishes or presentation in gardening. Violet and lemon balm. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What is the History of Herbs? <ul><li>Egyptians </li></ul><ul><li>Ebers Papyrus, an Egyptian Medical Document </li></ul><ul><li>Found by Georg Ebers, a German Egyptologist in 1874 </li></ul><ul><li>Contains a 800 medicinal herbs including medicine, cosmetics, aromatics, cooking, fumigating, and embalming. </li></ul><ul><li>Ebers Papyrus dates back to about 1700 B.C. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Chinese and Indian </li></ul><ul><li>2500 B.C . when Ayurveda was discovered. </li></ul><ul><li>Treats to balance and create harmony in mental and physical health </li></ul><ul><li>Ayurveda : </li></ul><ul><li>- &quot;the knowledge of how to live&quot; - stresses a balanced lifestyle of exercise, dieting, and clear mental and psychological health. </li></ul>What is the History of Herbs?
  8. 8. <ul><li>Greeks </li></ul><ul><li>Hippocrates then studied the three ancient civilizations </li></ul><ul><li>Categorized herbs into four groups hot, cold, dry and damp. </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on balancing exercise and diet to maintain health </li></ul><ul><li>486-377 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Dioscorides said to be doctor to Cleopatra and Antony or surgeon during reign of Nero </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote De Materia Medica , used as a reference for 1,500 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on experimenting with herbs for medicinal purposes </li></ul><ul><li>60 A.D </li></ul>What is the History of Herbs?
  9. 9. <ul><li>Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Greeks brought over in 100 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Galen 131-199 A.D. disliked Hippocrates views of the body healing itself </li></ul><ul><li>Four Humors : blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile. </li></ul><ul><li>-Used in Unani medicine and Muslim world </li></ul>What is the History of Herbs?
  10. 10. Web Sites <ul><li>www.cedarknollfarm.com/Culinary%20Herbs.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.herbsociety.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.gardenersnet.com/herbs/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://altnature.com/gallery/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.peacefulmind.com/herbs.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.gardenguides.com/plants/herbs/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.superbherbs.net/lore.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.botanical.com/botanical/mgmh/comindx.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.rain-tree.com/prepmethod.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.aussiestockphotos.com/photos/photos/detail/111 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.teatimeworldwide.com/teashop/teas/harney.html </li></ul><ul><li>www.dfo.com.au/temp/xdfo/media/Herbal%20Tea.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.answers.com/topic/egyptian-languages </li></ul><ul><li>http://ise.uvic.ca/Library/SLT/ideas/elements.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://healing.about.com/od/floweressences/ig/Flower-Essence-Gallery/feg_dandelion.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.medicine-buddha.org/Ayurvedic-Herbal-Academy_Policies/Disclaimer_Contract_Informed_Consent_Counselor_Client_Declarations_of_Rights_Ayurvedic_Practice.htm </li></ul>

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