Disaster Strikes   How Best To Organize Relief
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Disaster Strikes How Best To Organize Relief

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April 14th, 2010 panel "Disaster Strikes - How Best to Organize Relief?" at the 2010 National Convention of the National Action Network.

April 14th, 2010 panel "Disaster Strikes - How Best to Organize Relief?" at the 2010 National Convention of the National Action Network.

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    Disaster Strikes   How Best To Organize Relief Disaster Strikes How Best To Organize Relief Presentation Transcript

    • Disaster Strikes - How Best to Organize Relief?"
      Dr. Mick Maurer, MHA
      - Director, Disaster Training and Exercises - ARC/GNY
      - Adjunct Assistant Professor – NYU Dept. of Applied Psychology
      - Adjunct Professor - MCNY School of Management,
      MPA in Emergency and Disaster Management degree program
    • Definitions
      The terms ‘resilience’ and ‘vulnerability’ are opposite sides of the same coin, but both are relative terms.
      One has to ask what individuals, communities and systems are vulnerable or resilient to, and to what extent.
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    • Vulnerability
      Is the susceptibility to physical or emotional injury or attack
      In relation to hazards and disasters, vulnerability is a concept that links the relationship that people have with their environment to social forces and institutions and the cultural values that sustain and contest them.
      “The concept of vulnerability expresses the multidimensionality of disasters by focusing attention on the totality of relationships in a given social situation which constitute a condition that, in combination with environmental forces, produces a disaster” (Bankoff et al. 2004: 11).
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    • Resilient - RESILIENCE
      Adj. - to jump back
      Marked by ability to withstand shock without permanent deformation or rupture
      Defined as a dynamic process that individuals exhibit positive behavioral adaptation when they encounter significant adversity, trauma, tragedy, threats, or even significant sources of stress
      Is the positive capacity of people to cope with stress and catastrophe
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      Population Exposure model
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      Natural vs. Human-Caused Disasters
       Source: CMHS. Psychosocial Issues for Children and Families in Disasters. A Guide for the Primary Care Physician. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Publication No. (SMA) 96-3077, 1996.
    • NYC is Vulnerable to hurricanes and nor’easters
      October 9, 1804 — Heavy snow falls in Eastern New York peaking at 30 inches (75 cm) as a hurricane tracks northward along the East Coast and becomes extratropical, as cold air fed into the system.
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      Landfalling NY Hurricanes
    • In 1821, when a major hurricane made a direct hit on Manhattan
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    • August 23, 1893, when a terrifying Category 2 hit at night.
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    • ‘Long Island Express’ of 1938
      • With 183-mile-per-hour winds. At the time, Long Island was not a densely populated suburban sprawl.
      • The same hurricane today would cause incredible havoc.
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    • NYC is Vulnerable to earthquakes
      • A 5.0 tumbler in 1737 knocked down chimneys in New York City and was felt from Boston to Philadelphia.
      • A magnitude-5.5 quake in 1884 did similar damage in a wider region around New York. Another quake in this range struck in 1783.
      • In December of 1811, the largest earthquake (6.8) ever recorded in American History started. This earthquake, called the New Madrid Earthquake
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    • 12
      New Madrid Seismic Zone Catastrophic Disaster Planning
      The Response Challenges
      • No notice event not commonly recognized
      • Consequences eclipse Katrina
      • Large impact area - 126,575 Sq Miles
      • 44M people in eight-State region - (12M in high risk area)
      • Multiple jurisdictions with multiple governors
      • Significant infrastructure impacts
      • Response problems during multiple aftershocks
      • Estimated building loss -- $70B
      • Severe weather & significant evacuation issues
      Approximately 12 million
      people at high risk
      St. Louis
      1.5-2 Million
      IL
      IN
      MO
      KY
      TN
      Rural Pop.
      8-9 million
      160–200 Cities
      AR
      AL
      MS
      Memphis
      1-1.5 Million
      Directly Impacted States
      Indirectly Impacted States
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    • NYC is Not prepared in the way Chile and California are
      • A 6.0 quake could shake the city's buildings with nearly the intensity of the 6.8 quake in Kobe.
      • Inexplicably, the city dragged its feet about adding earthquake-mitigating requirements to its building codes until the mid-1990s.
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    • Manhattan Island is crisscrossed by earthquake faults
      • July 18, 1937.--An earthquake strong enough to rattle windows was felt just before midnight in the borough of Queens
      • Indian Point nuclear power plants, 24 miles north of the city, sit astride the previously unidentified intersection of two active seismic zones.
      • A 2003 analysis by The New York City Area Consortium for Earthquake Loss Mitigation put the cost of quakes at Magnitude 6 in the metro New York area at $39 billion to $197 billion.
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    • But NYC Is As Vulnerable as Haiti was
      Much of Manhattan sits on a deep layer of soft, post-Ice Age sediment over extremely hard rock, a juxtaposition of geological extremes that bodes ominously.
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    • Recent incidents Only magnified
      The generally well-designed towers in the Manhattan's skyline most likely would survive a 6.0, but the unreinforced masonry townhouses where most residents live might not fare as well.
      A 1989 study estimated that a quake would cause more than130 simultaneous blazes, which could put the fire department under severe strain.
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    • New York City Risks & Probability Matrix
      Severity of Outcome
      All Level I and II
      Hurricane in Metro NYC
      High
      Hurricane
      in Atlantic/Gulf Coast
      Indian Point Power Plant
      Earthquake in NYC
      Pandemic Flu
      Suicide Bombing
      Dirty Bomb
      Transportation Incident
      Last 25 years:
      4 Catastrophic and 10 Major Disasters
      Power Outage
      Regional floods
      Level III
      Large fire
      Transportation Incident
      Building Collapse
      Building Fires
      Water main breaks
      Evacuation orders
      Level IV and V
      3,000/yr.
      Low
      Low
      High
      Probability
    • In Greater New York WE RESPOND TO 3,000 LOCAL DISASTERS EACH YEAR
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    • CRANE COLLAPSES March & May 2008 and March 2010
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      http://mickmaurer.com
    • FLIGHT 1549 January 2009
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      http://mickmaurer.com
    • Terrorism Trends
      London, U.K. (2005)
      Madrid, Spain (2004)
      Belsan, Russia (2004)
      Toronto, Canada (2006)
      Possible bomb attack plan on Canadian soil
      Mumbai, India (2006)
      London, U.K. (2006)
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      September 11, 2001
    • And Everyday transit disruptions
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    • But Don’t wait for the Lone Ranger and Tonto!
      Or for the Buffalo Soldiers to ride to the Rescue.
      You are on your own and need Five days food and water for every family member
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    • NYC First responders have their role
      All Disasters are Local – NY Home Rule
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    • The State and Feds have their support role
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      NY State Guard
    • But the populace has a bigger role
      Becoming Resilient
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    • Youth and Adults Prepared
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    • Lifesaving Courses
      ARC/GNY trains more than 125,000 people annually in Lifesaving Skills including CPR, First Aid, AED, Care Giving and Aquatics.
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    • Preparedness Training & Information
      ARC/GNY provides emergency preparedness training to more than 140,000 people per year.
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    • Sales of Preparedness
      Equipment & Supplies
      • Go-Bags
      • Safety Flashlights
      • Emergency Radios
      • Blankets
      • First Aid Kits
      • Manuals
      • And More!
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    • Training with Public and Partner Groups Human Services Council and ARC/GNY Table Top Exercise
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    • Resiliency of the populace is the key to Preparedness
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    • Thank you
      Contact:
      maurerm@nyredcross.org
      mickmaurer@nyu.edu
      mmaurer@mcny.edu
      Webpages:
      http://mickmaurer.com
      http://disaster-exercises.typepad.com/my-blog/
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