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Excellence and Innovation

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Excellence and Innovation in the Workplace by Dr. David Koilpillai, Professor at IIT Madras

Excellence and Innovation in the Workplace by Dr. David Koilpillai, Professor at IIT Madras

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  • TETRA – Terrestrial Trunked Radio (ETSI standard for land mobile radio communications) corDECT – TeNeT WLL product based on DECT standard GPRS – General Packet Radio Service (packet radio service of GSM) AMR – Adaptive Multirate Vocoder OFDM – Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
  • TeNeT group has developed Wireless Local Loop (WLL) product based on the DECT standard. This is a product called “corDECT” which is manufactured and sold by MIDAS, a company incubated under the auspices of TeNeT. It has clearly been demonstrated that corDECT is a cost-effective solution for wireless access. It is now being deployed in more than fifteen countries outside India, indicating that telecom products that are world-class and at the same time, are also cost-effective can be successfully developed in India. TeNeT faculty play an active role in offering continuing education courses in Wireless to students and faculty from other engineering colleges and also to engineers working in industry.
  • TeNeT group has developed Wireless Local Loop (WLL) product based on the DECT standard. This is a product called “corDECT” which is manufactured and sold by MIDAS, a company incubated under the auspices of TeNeT. It has clearly been demonstrated that corDECT is a cost-effective solution for wireless access. It is now being deployed in more than fifteen countries outside India, indicating that telecom products that are world-class and at the same time, are also cost-effective can be successfully developed in India. TeNeT faculty play an active role in offering continuing education courses in Wireless to students and faculty from other engineering colleges and also to engineers working in industry.

Transcript

  • 1. Excellence and Innovation in the Workplace R. David Koilpillai EE Department, IIT Madras SALT Programme Chennai, 10 December 2011
  • 2. David Koilpillai Profile
    • Education
      • B.Tech, IIT Madras, MS, PhD Caltech, USA
    • Work Experience
      • IIT Madras (2002 – present)
        • Professor, EE Department
        • Dean (Planning) (Nov 2011 – present)
      • CEWiT – Chief Scientist (Jan 2007 – July 2007)
      • Co-Chair, IIT Hyderabad Task Force (June 2008 – Dec 2009)
      • Ericsson Inc, USA (1990-2002)
        • Director, Advanced Technologies, Research and Patents
    • Professional
      • Areas of expertise: Cellular 4G systems, Cognitive radio, Smart grids
      • 32 Issued US patents, 1 Indian patent applications
      • Publications: 14 Journal, 51 Conference
      • Research Interests: Wireless Communications
      • Ericsson Inventor of Year Award 1999
      • Fellow, Indian National Academy of Engineering
  • 3. Intel Inc
    • Clayton Christensen – the author of Innovator’s Dilemma
      • Call from Andrew Grove, former chairman of Intel.
      • Had read about Christensen’s “Disruptive Technology”
      • A talk to corporate leadership team
        • A distinct honour !!
    • Christensen – excited and well-prepared
    • At Intel
      • Unexpected change in Grove’s schedule  Can give Christensen only 30 mins
      • 10 mins into presentation, Grove interrupted
      • “ Look, I’ve got your model. Just tell us what it means for Intel.”
    • Christensen’s response – an illustration
      • Traditional steel mills – large size, high capital investment, expensive infrastructure
      • Nucor (mini-mills) - attacking lowest end of market
        • Electric-arc furnaces: “junk” steel -> steel reinforcing bars, or rebar
      • Gradually moved toward the high end, undercutting the traditional steel mill
  • 4. Intel Inc
    • Grove said, “OK, I get it. What it means for Intel is...,”
    • Intel’s Celeron processor strategy
      • Going to bottom of the market to launch the Celeron processor
    • Celeron & Intel
      • Intel Pentium processor undercut by low-cost alternatives
      • Celeron introduced in April 1998 for budget personal computers
      • Celeron branded CPU was based on the Pentium core
      • Optimised cost versus performance tradeoff
      • Pin-compatible with Pentium
      • Low-cost mobile computing solution
    • Christensen – glad he didn’t tell Andy Grove “what Intel should do”
    • The people within the organization have the best perspective
      • Facilitation to translate and apply key principles
  • 5. Goal for today …
    • The world I am familiar with – Academics
      • Engineering
      • Passion for excellence and innovation
    • Observations in my context …
    • Your partnership
      • Translate to your context …
    • A very successful model
  • 6. Our Focus …
    • Excellence and Innovation in the Workplace
    • Two perspectives
    • Secular
      • Steve Jobs “ Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish ”
    • Christian
      • Colossians 3:23
      • “ Whatever you do, work at it with all your heart, as working for the LORD … “
    • Begin with a secular view
    • End with the overarching Christian view
    • Build a holistic perspective
  • 7.
    • 1956 - first convocation of IIT Kharagpur
    • Academic building was a former detention camp
    • Pandit Nehru words
    • Here in the place of that Hijli Detention Camp
      • Stands the fine monument of India (IIT Kharagpur)
      • Representing India's technological urges
      • Scientists and technologists of the highest caliber
      • Help building the nation towards self-reliance
      • India's future in the making
    • A responsibility given to the IITs to shape India’s destiny
    • Last sixty years – IITs have a stellar track record
    Pandit Nehru …
  • 8. IIT versus MIT
    • An essential comparison to be “ best in class ”
    • IIT graduates – on par with MIT graduates
    • PG level – toppers at MIT are IIT graduates
    • Global rankings
      • MIT always in top 3
      • IIT not in top 100
    • Where is the difference?
      • Metrics for comparison
    • Need for constant comparison for improvement
      • Iron sharpens iron
    • How are you benchmarking your organization? Your team?
  • 9. IITians excel in the upper levels of mediocrity … Prof. T.T. Narendran, IITM 1983
  • 10. Indians excel in the upper levels of mediocrity ??
  • 11.
    • Factor 1
    • Understanding our context
  • 12. Apple Inc.
    • From Spectrum April 2011 article by Prof. K. J. Ray Liu (U Maryland)
    • June 7 2010 - Apple CEO Steve Jobs unveiling iPhone4
    • Failed demonstration – 570 Wi-Fi basestations
    • Repeated appeals … still not enough capacity to handle demo
    • Game Theory – in everyday life …
    Source: K.J. Ray Liu, Spectrum April 2011
  • 13. Observations
    • Fast-changing technologies
    • Changes in our domain may take us by surprise
      • Even Apple Inc (a technology pioneer) !!
    • A constant need to “learn” our environment
    • Essential for business excellence, innovation and impact
    • Applicable for education and research as well
      • Changes c lassroom technologies & students’ learning methods
    • Adapt or perish …
    • What are implications for you in your work environment ?
  • 14. Time-To-First Publication (TTP)
    • First Publication
      • Most important milestones for a research scholar
    • First external publication
      • Conference, Journal
    • Thesis advisors and students must focus on this
    • Benefits
      • Confidence builder for student, Peer recognition , measure of progress
      • Antidote to “research blues”
    • TTP target – 6-9 months after start of research work
  • 15. Research Model
    • Time management is crucial in research
      • Focus is key to success
    • Research 
      • Solving problems no one else has solved  Disruptive
      • Improving another person’s solution  Incremental
    • Two stage process for research projects
      • Replication – of “state-of-the-art” paper / results
      • Innovation – what can be improved
    • Incremental + Confidence  Disruptive
    • A fail-proof model for success in research
  • 16.
    • Factor 2
    • Passion for Excellence
  • 17. IBM
    • IBM manufacturing order to Japan
      • A trial order
      • 10,000 pieces – stringent quality control
      • Max of three “defective” pieces will be accepted
    • Japanese company
      • Order fulfilled
    • Addendum
      • We are unable to understand your business practice
      • 10,000 pieces – manufactured
      • As required, three defective pieces have been produced
      • And added to shipment
      • Hope this pleases you …
    • A passion for excellence !!
  • 18.
    • Excellence is not an act …
    • It is a habit …
    • It is the ability to do
    • the ordinary things extraordinarily well
    • Aristotle
    • Philosopher & Scientist
    Learning from teacher Self learning Applying concepts Concepts mastered Do Learn Commit Circle of Excellence
  • 19. Excellence (Covey)
    • Working smarter and harder ( Efficiency )
    • Synergise ( Teamwork )
    • Sharpen the saw ( Effectiveness )
      • Need for continuous renewal
        • Physical, mental, social, …
    effort outcome
  • 20.
    • Factor 3
    • Stumbling blocks to excellence
  • 21. Multitasking M 1 U 2 L 3 T 4 I 5 T 6 A 7 S 8 K 9 I 10 N 11 G
  • 22. Multitasking …
    • Doing multiple tasks simultaneously …
      • Arrival of SMS, email … Interrupting current task
      • Switchtasking and not multitasking …
        • MULTITASKING, M1U2L3T4….
    • Cellphones – email, SMS, IM, phonecalls, …
    • Switchtasking
      • Lack of focus – costs time
      • Disrupts continuity of thought, concentration, …
      • Delays completion of tasks
    • Background Tasking
      • Listening to music while jogging …
    • Dave Crenshaw, “The Myth of Multitasking”
      • Doing it all (simultaneously)  Gets nothing done
  • 23. Multitasking M U L T I T A S K I N G 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 M 1 U 2 L 3 T 4 I 5 T 6 A 7 S 8 K 9 I 10 N 11 G
  • 24. 1920 1964 Motorola H12-16 ‘Handie-Talkie’ 1985 - Siemens Oxford C1 1989 - Motorola Micro tac 1998-2000 Martin Cooper, 1973
  • 25. 2002 – Blackberry 5810 2004 – Motorola Razor 2007 – Apple iPhone 2006 – Blackberry Pearl
  • 26. Cellphones
    • One of the wonders of modern technology
      • Reachable anytime, anywhere …
      • Invades privacy
      • Impacts “WORK” time
    • In the future …
      • Medium for communication, information, entertainment
      • Quadplay (Voice, Data, Video, Mobility)
      • Broadband, banking, m-commerce, ID, authentication, …
      • e-wallet, PDA, credit card, ID card, …
    • While doing work involving concentration …
      • Keep cellphone in silent mode
      • Answer at end of period of study / work
    • Manage your interruptions
    • Q: How should we handle cell-phones in the workplace?
  • 27. Common Scenario
    • An important meeting
      • Crucial point in discussions
    • A cellphone rings …
      • Individual steps out to take the call
      • Returns in a few minutes and joins the meeting
    • Meeting resumes
    • What is the impact ???
    • Same as multitasking
      • Every participant in meeting -> switching contexts
      • Focus, direction, impact are lost
      • Inefficient use of time
    • No use of cellphones in classroom …
  • 28. Integrity
    • Excessive pressure to get good grades
    • Copying is rampant – many forms
    • Integrity is a core value
      • Essential for life-long pursuit of excellence
      • What you do when you know that you will not get caught
    • Sincere = sine + cera
      • Latin sine = without, cera = wax
    • Greco-Roman period – the age of sculpture
    • Dishonest sculptors would cover flaws in their work
    • A sculpture "without wax" !!
    • Honesty in its perfection
    • True excellence cannot be separated from integrity
  • 29. Handling Prosperity
    • A new generation that has grown up with “plenty”
    • Without the values or accountability of parents’ generation
    • Self-indulgence, excessive spending, loose living, …
    • Excessive materialism
    • Churches not emphasizing the discipline tithing
    • Can I be trusted with prosperity ?
  • 30. Gandhi – seven deadly sins …
    • Wealth without work
    • Pleasure Without Conscience
    • Knowledge Without Character
    • Commerce (Business) Without Morality (Ethics)
    • Science Without Humanity
    • Religion Without Sacrifice
    • Politics Without Principle
  • 31. Internet
    • The greatest invention of the century
    • The creator of the “flat world”
    • Instant connectivity, access to information
    • Unrestricted, uncensored …
    • Addictions – gaming, movies, pornography, browsing, facebook …
    • Most students involved with social networking - FACEBOOK
      • Spend many hours each day
      • Can construct a “profile” for oneself - Far-removed from reality
      • Post queries – Get answers from “Experts”
    • World of make-believe becomes part of “reality”
    • Circle of friends – only exist in cyberworld
      • Impersonal becomes impersonal
    • Inability to deal with real world, real people, real problems
    • A sweeping social change …
  • 32. A Christian Perspective
  • 33. Excellence as Stewardship
    • Count your blessings …
      • Special skills, talents, education and opportunities
    • Support circle (parents, family, teachers, …)
    • What are you doing with your talents?
    • Need to hold yourself accountable
    • Steps to Excellence as a Christian
    • The direction (Isaiah 30:21)
    • The resources (Gen 22:14)
      • God’s work done in God’s way will never lack God’s supplies
    • Using your talents (Matt 25:14-30)
    • Beware of stumbling blocks (1 John 2:16)
    • Prayer (Phil 4:6)
    • Focus (Phil 3:14)
  • 34. Lesson from TWR
    • Paul Freed – Founder of Trans World Radio (TWR)
    • 1948 – World recovering from WWII
      • Paul Freed, young graduate - Visited Spain, a predominantly Catholic country
      • God gave him a burden
        • Communicate the Gospel to Spanish speaking people
    • The task was great – millions of people need to be reached
    • God gave Paul Freed a new means for missions
      • WWII had seen extensive use of radio
      • Paul realized - the medium of radio could be used to carry the gospel!!
    • “ I am convinced that one could spend a lifetime witnessing to people face-to-face and yet not reach as many as radio can reach in 5 mins…”
    • “ Where people cannot go, radio can go …”
    • In the corporate context …
    • You can take the gospel where no one else can …
  • 35. Point to Ponder …
    • Chuck Colson
      • “ Be a witness. Use words, if necessary”
      • Lifestyle witnessing
    • Proverbs 22:29
      • Do you see a man skilled in his work?
      • He will serve before Kings …
    • Leon Chua
      • Every heart with Christ is a missionary
      • Every heart without Christ is a mission field
    • People are observing …
    • We need to earn the right to be heard
    • A necessary first step
      • Commitment and Excellence in our work
  • 36. A Pilgrim’s Progress
    • 1976: A personal commitment
    • 1984: A call to student ministry
      • Very few Christian faculty in IITs
    • 1986: An inspiring message
      • Joshua 24:15 – As for me and my house we will serve the LORD
    • 2001: Opening at IITM
    • 2002: Start teaching career (after 12 years @ Ericsson R&D)
    • Combine the experiences of both worlds – Academia and Corporate R&D
    • Hudson Taylor
      • A little thing is a little thing, but faithfulness in little things is a great thing
  • 37. Teacher – A moulder of dreams
    • The challenge of transforming students
      • Good  Outstanding
      • Average  Excellent
    • An intellectual curiosity
      • “ How things work”, “How to do it better”, …
    • Self-study is key to success
    • Setting goals
    • Motivation, Discipline and Perseverance
    • Building on the contributions of others
    • If I have seen further, … it is because
    • I have stood on the shoulders of giants ...
    • Sir Isaac Newton
  • 38. A Teacher’s Dream
    • The perfect student …
    • Motivated to study, focused (no distractions)
    • Interested in the subject
    • Intelligent
    • Well-prepared
      • Background reading, Material in earlier lectures
    • Willing to ask questions
    • Validate all classroom learning
    • Comprehensive self-study
    • Other factors
      • Well-rested, well-exercised, well-nourished
      • In good physical and emotional health
  • 39. Common Excuse #1 I don’t have the time …
  • 40. Golden 5-minute Rule
    • Personal experience
      • Traveling from IIT Campus to Central
      • 5 minutes early …
        • Calm, relaxed frame of mind
        • Able to plan out the day
        • Even enjoyed the sunrise …
      • 5 minutes late …
        • Tense, irritable, worrying
        • Focused on reaching Central on-time
        • Did not even notice the sunrise …
    • It only takes a small buffer of time …
      • The difference between excellence and mediocrity
  • 41. Common Excuse #2 What difference can one person make …
  • 42. The Impact of One
    • “ The world can be changed by one wholly dedicated to the Lord”
    • 1855 – A Sunday school teacher led Moody to the Lord
      • D.L. Moody invited F. B. Meyer to preach in America
        • Meyer’s message touched the heart of J. W. Chapman
          • J. W. Chapman hired Billy Sunday to do evangelistic work
            • Billy Sunday revival meetings
            • Invitation to Mordechai Ham
    • Ham’s preaching in evangelistic service
      • Billy Graham accepted Christ by a message of F. B. Meyer
    • Billy Graham - Evangelist to the world
    • A faithful God, A faithful message
      • Changing hearts and lives …
      • Touching many generations
  • 43. In conclusion …
    • For each of you - “ a period of moulding ”
      • Next generation of leaders – Secular and Christian arenas
    • God has a special plan for each one
    • Excellence in the workplace  A consistent Christian testimony
      • Understanding our changing environment
      • Passion for excellence
      • Eliminating the stumbling blocks
    • Mordechai ’ s words to Esther
      • “ May be God placed you in this position for such a time as this …”
    • Carey ’ s stewardship challenge
      • Attempt great things for God
      • Expect great things from God
  • 44. My best wishes to each of you … Thank You !