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The Case for Capacity Building: Towards Agricultural Development in Africa
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The Case for Capacity Building: Towards Agricultural Development in Africa


Presentation made at the Australian FARA Consultation 10th February 2012 by Nodumo Dhlamini …

Presentation made at the Australian FARA Consultation 10th February 2012 by Nodumo Dhlamini

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  • 1. The Case for Capacity Building: Towards Agricultural Development in Africa Australian FARA Consultation 10th February 2012 Presented By Nodumo Dhlamini
  • 2. Presentation Outline1. The Case for HE in Agriculture: Current capacities2. Major agricultural education initiatives (achievements and challenges).3. Brief Background on RUFORUM; The RUFORUM Model; Some Success Stories4. Opportunities & Take Home Messages
  • 3. African AgricultureFigure 1.45: Value added of agriculture (% of GDP)• Agricultural 25 Value Addition of Agric (%GDP) Production in absolute 20 terms increasing 15• But cannot keep pace 10 with population and export demand 5• Value addition of 0 agriculture going 1990 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 down Sub-Saharan Africa Northern Africa All Africa Source: UNECA, 2010
  • 4. The Case for HE in Agriculture in Africa:• Agricultural Development hampered by limited capacity - Limited funding to support post-graduate training in African universities.• Ageing Agricultural Scientists• Mandate from African Heads of States to implement CAADP as a concerted and comprehensive strategy for achieving Vision for African Agriculture.• FARA coordinating implementation of pillar 4: research, extension and training. Still numbers sub-optimal (capacity) – further collaboration and scaling up of existing models needed to address research, extension, training mismatch
  • 5. Political CommitmentCHEA - 2010 Renewed emphasis by African governments on restoring the quality of higher education in agriculture. Call to support local and international partnerships which address critical capacity needs for sustainable agricultural development. Call to increased investments in higher education in agriculture in Africa and to be included as an integral agricultural development investment in CAADP
  • 6. The Hypothesis• Achieving rapid agricultural productivity growth is essential to raising overall economic growth and meeting the MDGs• The welfare of smallholder farmers throughout much of Africa remains linked to agriculture.• Food Security achievable through support for smallholder driven research• Broad but practical training of post-graduate students is key• Capacity for responsive research and training of high performing graduates is critical
  • 7. RUFORUM Established in 2004; Formerly a Rockefeller Funded Project which was called FORUM (1992-2003) 29 Member Universities in 17 countries Secretariat based at Makerere University, Kampala Uganda
  • 8. RUFORUM Strategic Goals Train a critical mass of Masters and PhD graduates, Develop collaborative research and training Participation and voice of women Adaptive capacities of universities Use of technology to support learning & knowledge management New approaches to teaching and research within universities A dynamic regional platform for policy advocacy, coordination, and resource mobilization
  • 9. The RUFORUM Model Responding to the capacity deficiencies in human and institutional capacity for agricultural development as identified in many studies Uses Networks of Specialization Owned and managed by Africans; Derives its agenda largely from the continent wide policy frameworks especially CAADP and the PRSPs of the member States and Governments Allows for joint action by the member universities. Provides a wide array of training opportunities for stakeholders,
  • 10. The RUFORUM Model: Achievements• Over 600 graduates trained since 1992• A number of technologies & research outputs generated and deployed• University capacities strengthened (innovative training; influence to policy and TAE)
  • 11. End-User Driven Collaborative AgriculturalResearch for Food & Nutrition Security Community Action Research Projects – Bunda Fisheries CARP Competitive Graduate Research Grants – Over 130 CG’S awarded since 2004
  • 12. Development of Innovation and R&DCapacity• Highlight some initiatives• Current capacity for research: numbers needed• Gaps
  • 13. Education & Training Programs• RUFORUM uses three approaches: the MSc/M.Phil and PhD programmes, attachments and short targeted courses for professional and skill development• Five regional doctorate training programs• Two other regional doctorate training programs to be launched• Three regional masters level training programs
  • 14. TEAM Africa Opportunity• Through TAE Networks leadership:  Mechanism for improving tertiary agricultural education in Africa has been set up - TEAM Africa (Tertiary Education for Agriculture Mechanism )  Includes RUFORUM, ANAFE, and FARA and participation by a number of partners including NPCA, Development Partners, higher education associations from outside Africa including APLU, AGRINATURA and others.
  • 15. Our Proposal• Linking the RUFORUM Network of Specialization to Australian Universities• Support to scaling up Community Based Research (CARPs) and Competitive Grants to address smallholder farmer needs• Strengthening platforms for joint learning• Support to the TEAM Africa Initiative
  • 16. Take Home Messages• We welcome the Australian International Food Security Centre Initiative• We are already working with strategic partners such as ANAFE, FARA and various development partners• RUFORUM provides a platform for universities to innovate on agricultural post-graduate training and research targeting small holder farmers• We have a model that has been tried and tested: we need wider networks to help us scale up our efforts