Livestock Production and Improvement in     India: Problems and Opportunities in the             context of global scenari...
Indian Livestock ScenarioLivestock Population (In Millions)                  2003 2007 Annual Growth RateTotal Livestock  ...
Contd….57% of world Buffalo population         (I)*16% of world Cattle population          (II)*17% of World human popu...
Contd…Marketable Surplus Milk-50%30% percent of marketable surplus is processed.Need to be doubled by 20204% growth ra...
Veterinary Institutions (2010-11)Hospitals/Polyclinics               8,732Veterinary Dispensaries             18,830Veteri...
Livestock Production in India Milk     117.5 Million tons Eggs     71 Billions Fish     8.29 Million tons Meat     5.4 Mil...
Value of Output from LivestockRs 4,61,434 crore (Rs. 4614 Billion/112 in US dollars)Exports from Livestock Rs 254088 mil...
Feed and Fodder ShortageUp to 40% for Fodder and 60% for ConcentratesPasture land- 4% of cultivable areaArea under Fodd...
Value Addition of Milk  A2 Milk / A1 Milk  CLA Content  Omega III & Omega VI Ratio  Organic Milk
Indigenous Milch BreedsCattle        BuffaloesSahiwal       MurrahGir           JafrabadiSindhi        Nili RaviRathi     ...
Livestock HealthDiseases EradicatedRinderpestCBPPDourineAfrican Horse Sickness
Diseases ControlledEquine Influenza            HSEquine Infectious Anaemia   Black QuarterNewcastle Disease           Ente...
National Disease Control Program in                   HandFoot & Mouth DiseaseTrivalent (O, A, Asia 1) VaccineDIVA based M...
Reproductive Disorders & Infertility       Silent heat in Buffaloes       Teaser bull in the herd       Oestrus detection ...
Importance of Livestock for Indian            EconomyDeveloping country developed countryNeed two digit sustainable GDP...
In no sphere has scientific researchconferred greater benefits on agriculturethan by the provision of means ofcontrolling ...
All the extra food required to meet thecurrent world shortfall could certainly beprovided if the annual losses due to anim...
The greatness of a nation and its moralprogress can be judged by the way itsanimals are treated.                          ...
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Livestock Production and Improvement in India: Problems and Opportunities in the context of global scenario

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Presentation made by Prof. (Dr.) M.P. Yadav at the Biennial Conference 2012

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Livestock Production and Improvement in India: Problems and Opportunities in the context of global scenario

  1. 1. Livestock Production and Improvement in India: Problems and Opportunities in the context of global scenario Prof. (Dr.) M.P. YadavEx Director and Vice Chancellor, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, UP, India Ex Vice Chancellor, Agricultural University, Meerut, UP, India
  2. 2. Indian Livestock ScenarioLivestock Population (In Millions) 2003 2007 Annual Growth RateTotal Livestock 485 529.7 2.23%Poultry 489 648.9 7.33%Bovine 283.4 304.8 1.83%Cattle 185.2 199.1 1.83%Buffalo 97.9 105.3 1.84%Sheep 61.5 71.6 3.87%Goat 124.4 140.5 3.10%Pigs 13.5 11.1 -4.74% Cont….
  3. 3. Contd….57% of world Buffalo population (I)*16% of world Cattle population (II)*17% of World human population (II)*2.3% of Global Land4.2% of Global WaterMajor Milk production from Buffaloes and cross bred cows70% Milk produced by marginal and land less farmers having 1-4 animals•Global Position Cont….
  4. 4. Contd…Marketable Surplus Milk-50%30% percent of marketable surplus is processed.Need to be doubled by 20204% growth rate in Dairy compared to 1.1% globallyProvide Livelihood, Nutritional & social Security60% population vegetarianMilk Demand by 2020-170 MMTMilk Demand by 2022-183 MMT
  5. 5. Veterinary Institutions (2010-11)Hospitals/Polyclinics 8,732Veterinary Dispensaries 18,830Veterinary Aid Centre/Stockmencentre/Mobile dispensaries 25,195 ___________ Total 52,757 ___________
  6. 6. Livestock Production in India Milk 117.5 Million tons Eggs 71 Billions Fish 8.29 Million tons Meat 5.4 Million tons
  7. 7. Value of Output from LivestockRs 4,61,434 crore (Rs. 4614 Billion/112 in US dollars)Exports from Livestock Rs 254088 million40% Bovines unproductiveEmployment to 8.5% workforceLow per animal productivity
  8. 8. Feed and Fodder ShortageUp to 40% for Fodder and 60% for ConcentratesPasture land- 4% of cultivable areaArea under Fodder production – 5% Requirment-12%OptionsWeeds as Fodder Quality fodder seeds availabilityHydroponic fodder Area specified mineral mixtureFodder as mixed crop Use of complete Feed BlocksDual propose wheat, barley cultivationAlgal protein in livestock and fish feedUse of sexed semen/embryos to reduce bovine population
  9. 9. Value Addition of Milk A2 Milk / A1 Milk CLA Content Omega III & Omega VI Ratio Organic Milk
  10. 10. Indigenous Milch BreedsCattle BuffaloesSahiwal MurrahGir JafrabadiSindhi Nili RaviRathi SurtiTharparkar MehsanaKankrej
  11. 11. Livestock HealthDiseases EradicatedRinderpestCBPPDourineAfrican Horse Sickness
  12. 12. Diseases ControlledEquine Influenza HSEquine Infectious Anaemia Black QuarterNewcastle Disease EnterotoxaemiaFowl Pox Sheep PoxAnthrax Goat Pox
  13. 13. National Disease Control Program in HandFoot & Mouth DiseaseTrivalent (O, A, Asia 1) VaccineDIVA based Marker VaccineFAO Progressive PathwayPPRCell Culture Live attenuatedBrucellosisS-19 Strain
  14. 14. Reproductive Disorders & Infertility Silent heat in Buffaloes Teaser bull in the herd Oestrus detection kit ASMM feeding Certified Hygienic semen Early Pregnancy Diagnosis kit Role of Para vets
  15. 15. Importance of Livestock for Indian EconomyDeveloping country developed countryNeed two digit sustainable GDP growthRequire 4 plus growth rate in agriculture Growth rate in agriculture 2 to 3% in recent yearsLivestock, poultry, fishery need to grow 6-8%
  16. 16. In no sphere has scientific researchconferred greater benefits on agriculturethan by the provision of means ofcontrolling livestock diseases. (RoyalCommissiononA icutue) gr l r
  17. 17. All the extra food required to meet thecurrent world shortfall could certainly beprovided if the annual losses due to animaldiseases and parasitism are effectivelycontrolled. (Cief, A Pr ctionandHeal , FA h nimal odu th O)
  18. 18. The greatness of a nation and its moralprogress can be judged by the way itsanimals are treated. -M atmaGandh ah i
  19. 19. Thanks

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