Higher Education  and  National  Economic Development:Lessons from India
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Higher Education and National Economic Development:Lessons from India



Presentation made by Prof. (Dr.) T. A. More, Vice - Chancellor

Presentation made by Prof. (Dr.) T. A. More, Vice - Chancellor
Mahatma Phule Agricultural University at the Biennial Conference 2012



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    Higher Education  and  National  Economic Development:Lessons from India Higher Education and National Economic Development:Lessons from India Presentation Transcript

    • Higher Education and National Economic Development : Lessons from India Prof. (Dr.) T. A. More Vice - Chancellor Mahatma Phule Agricultural University, Rahuri - 413722, Dist. Ahmednagar, India Email: tamore@indiatimes.com 1
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    •  Establishment of the Post-graduate School at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, in 1958 with the integration of research, teaching & extension education was a significant landmark in the history of HAE. Government of India appointed in Education Commission in 1948, Study Teams in 1955 & 1959 & Agricultural University Committee in 1960. The first SAU was established at Pantnagar in 1960, on the pattern of the Land Grant Colleges of the USA. Later on at least one SAU in each major state during sixties & seventies. SAUs adopted integrated concept of Teaching, Research & Extension Education. Education system itself underwent a major changes such annual system, trimester system, & finally semester system, 100 % internal evaluation & latter grading system with full transparency. This has brought a revolutionary change for bettering higher agricultural education in India. 3
    • Massive expansion in supply of colleges:  4
    • ICAR-SAU system DARE - ICAR Agriculture Minister & General Body, ICAR President, ICAR Society Chairman, ASRB Secretary, DARE & Governing Body, ICAR Director General, ICAR Addl. Secretary, DARE Addl. Secretary, Deputy National(Fin.) & Financial Advisor, DARE & Secretary, Director Director ICAR ICAR Generals (NAIP)45 Research Institutes Crop Science4 Deemed Universities Horticulture6 National Bureaux Natural Resource Management17 National Research Centres Animal Science25 Directorates/Project Directorates Fisheries61 All India Coordinated Research Projects Engineering17 Network Projects Education62 State Agricultural Universities (including one deemed university status) Extension Education01 Central Agricultural University643 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) 5
    • Agricultural Faculty Name Quantity SAUs 60Deemed Universities 04 NAARM 01Central Agricultural 01 UniversityCentral Universities 04 (Agril. Faculty) Total 70 6
    • Scheme of examination (ICAR Entrance) One paper - Physics, chemistry &Biology/Mathematics/Agriculture carrying 180questions. Candidates have to attempt (1) Physics, (2)Chemistry, (3) Biology or Mathematics or Agriculturepapers as per their eligibility & choice of the subject.Each subject has 60 questions.Eligibility 10+2 with 60% in combination shown againsteach subject of study (55% for SC/ST). 7
    • Course CreditSr. Faculties UG Degree CreditNo. 1 Agriculture B. Sc. (Agri.) 1632 Horticulture B. Sc. (Hort.) 1603 Agricultural B. Tech (Agril. Engg.) 183 Engineering4 Home Science B. Sc. (Home Science) 1595 Food Science & B. Tech (Food Technology.) 180 Technology6 Agri Business B. B. A (Agri.) 160 Management7 Fisheries Science B. Sc. (Fisheries) 1728 Forestry B. Sc. (Forestry) 1609 Biotechnology B. Sc. (Agril. Biotechnology) 160 8
    • New UG Curriculum with emphasis on Hands on Training/ Experiential learningFirst to Sixth semester - covers majority of courses.Seventh semester – RAWE/RHWEEighth semester – Experiential learning programme  This was mainly with the objective of providing adequate experiential learning so that the graduates have confidence and entrepreneurial skills to start vocation. 9
    • M. Sc. Agriculture SpecialiazationAgri Botany; Microbiology;Agri Biotechnology; Nematology;Agri Chemistry; Plant physiology;Agri Economics, EcologyAgri Extension, Plant pathology,Agronomy, Plant protection,Agri Engineering, Sugar cane technology,Agri meteorology,Agri statistics & Agri zoology, Seed technology,Agri Entomology, Soil science andExtension education, Soil conservation,Forestry, Sericulture,Social forestry; Tea husbandry,Farming system management, Water conservation,Horticulture Mycology. 10
    • Master’s Degree (M. Sc. Agri.) Minimum credit requirements:Courses Minimum Creditsa) Major subjects 20b) Minor subjects 09c) Supporting subjects 05d) Seminar 01Total course credits 35e] Thesis (Research Work) 20Total credit for degree 55f) Non-Credit Compulsory Courses 06 Doctoral degree (Ph.D.) Courses Minimum Credits a) Major subjects 15 b) Minor subjects 08 c) Supporting subjects 05 d) Seminar 02 Total course credits 30 e] Thesis (Research Work) 45 Total credit for degree 75 f) Non-Credit Compulsory Courses 06 11
    • Minimum Residential Requirement Master degree programme – 04 semesters Doctorate degree programme – 06 semesters The maximum time limit for completion (from the date of admission) M. Sc. – 4 years (i.e. 8 semesters) Ph. D. – 6 years (i.e. 12 semesters) 12
    • US-INDIA: Collaboration in Agricultural Education US Cooperative State Research, Education & Extension Service (CSREES) has awarded 4 grants totalling about $ 400,000 to US universities for advancing the US-India Agricultural Knowledge Initiative. Awarded thro, International Science & Education competitive grants programme, the initiative involves universities & private sector & will focus on strengthening human & institutional capacity, promoting sustainable use of water resources, effectively applying biotechnological approaches, & ensuring strong markets & processing chains. Through federal funding & leadership for research, education & extension programmes, CSREES focuses on investing in science & solving critical issues impacting peoples daily lives & the nations future. The knowledge initiative was launched in 2005 by US President Bush and Indian Prime Minister Singh. This years grants have gone to Tuskegee University, University of Delaware, North Carolina State University & Florida International University. 13
    •  Tuskegee University will use the grant to improve environmental & international curricula & capacities at the Department of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences at Tuskegee University & to collaborate with the Department of Poultry Science at Indias Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University to conduct collaborative research in environmental waste management. University of Delaware will partner with the International Crop Research Institute for the Semi- Arid Tropics, located in Patancheru, India, to enhance its knowledge of sustainable agriculture & watershed management practices that developing countries are implementing. North Carolina State University will collaborate with several Indian universities & organisations, and will use a multi-disciplinary approach to evaluate issues faced 14
    •  Partners in this project include Punjab Agricultural University, Karnataka Animal & Fisheries Sciences University, Lifeline Feeds, Inc., Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Public Health Foundation of India, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, GB Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, & Maharashtra Animal & Fishery Sciences University. Florida International University will train faculty & students in international aspects of biofuel production, technology & trade, & expand the universitys capabilities to educate students, farmers & US energy industry groups. Students & faculty will conduct short-term research projects & internships on bioenergy topics in India, Brazil & other countries of Latin America & the Caribbean. Primary partners in India include the 15
    • MOUs between MPAU, Rahuri & International organization/universities regarding education1) Agreement of Cooperation between the University of Turin,Italy (AGROINNOVA, Centre of Competence for the Innovationin the agro environmental sector) and Mahatma PhuleAgricultural University, Rahuri for promoting & maintainingscientific relations & teaching methodologies between 2institutions.2) MOU between Mahatma Phule Agricultural University, Rahuri(India) & University of Maryland, College of Agriculture &Natural Resources (AGNR) (USA)3) MOU between College of Agriculture, Baramati,Dist. Pune, Mahatma Phule Agricultural University,Rahuri, Dist. Ahmednagar, and Van Hall Larenstein(University of Applied Sciences), Netherlands, & ofWageningen University & Research centre foreducational cooperation. 16
    • EXTENSION EDUCATIONTechnology transfer must be preceded & succeeded bytechnology assessment & refinement, & hence arecomplementary to each other.There is a need to develop a scientist-farmer linkage that wouldbe helpful in generation of effective technologies, but wouldfoster the cause of technology transfer as well as catalytic basis.Extension needs to be sensitive to the changes in terms of rapidcommunication & all efforts are to be made to generate self-employment opportunities for farmers, farm women & farmyouth.Extension service needs to equip itself to cope with the changedscenario though different dimensions.Strengthening the extension to allied agricultural sectors like: Technology parks. Farm literatures & reading media.Communication technologies & information centres.Developing alternative extension models. Institution-village linkage programmes. Formation of action plan & calendar of programmes. 17
    • National Assessment & Accreditation Council (NAAC) Lays special emphasis onevaluating the quality of highereducation to assess & accreditinstitutions of higher learning,universities & colleges or 1 or more oftheir units, i.e., departments, schools,institutions, programmes, etc. 18
    • University Grants Commission It is a statutory organization established by anAct of Parliament in 1956 for the coordination,determination & maintenance of standards ofuniversity education. The Commission also advises the Central & StateGovts. on the measures which are necessary for thedevelopment of HE. It functions from New Delhi as well as its 6Regional offices located in Bangalore, Bhopal,Guwahati, Hyderabad, Kolkata & Pune. The UGC establishes autonomous Inter-University Centres within the university system. 19
    • THANKYOU 20