Harnessing University-NARIpartnership to Develop Stress Tolerant       and Nutrient-Rich Maize    National Agricultural Re...
Outline●   The Maize research●   Case of collaborative drought research●   University collaboration in maize research●   C...
Africa is Vast and Highly Diverse. Strategies for   Crop Improvement and Seed Supply Must              Embrace this Realit...
Maize Program thrust● Develop adapted maize germplasm● Maintain and produce seed● New tools: breeding methods, software● C...
Maize Ecosystem in Uganda                       Highland agro-ecology                       • Eastern and S. Western      ...
Losses of maizegrain yield due tovarious stresses inthe developingworld
Maize Research FocusStress Tolerant Maize                       Nutritional & Specialty Maize•   Drought tolerant maize   ...
Flowering and post- flowering drought stress• Top left: time of last irrigation• Top right: crop after flowering• Right: g...
Collaborative drought research• Water Efficient Maize for Africa (WEMA)• Drought Tolerant Maize for Africa (DTMA)
A case of WEMA Partnership                                                     World leader in MAB,World leader for       ...
Sharing drought screening facilities at Kiboko
NARI-University collaboration in maize            improvement1. Uganda within developing countries / SSA / ECA context2. S...
Student Research activities imbedded within      strong NARI breeding programs
NARI-University germplasm development•   Access to Elite inbred lines, OPVs and hybrids derived from these inbreds,    Nar...
Partnership in Capacity building• International students           - S.Sudan, Kenya, Tz,                                  ...
Experiences and Benefits of Univ/NARO partnership• Increased manpower in research• Shared infrastructure• Helps student tr...
Mentorship; Seasoned scientists     + not Research Crop
How does NARI-University      partnership work?In the frame of distinct collaborative projects  which are developed based ...
Future perspectives: New methods needs to beadopted to accelerate gains in crop improvement• Managed abiotic and biotic st...
ConclusionBreeding = Germplasm + Methodology + People + Testing + Breedingsuccess                                       Ne...
• A single bracelet does not jingle – Congo  Proverb• Together the Teeth Can Cut. Somali proverb• A bunch of broomsticks i...
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Harnessing University-NARI partnership to Develop Stress Tolerant and Nutrient-Rich Maize

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  • These are across-the-board type of challenges relevant to various approaches. Norman Borlaug was able to breed wheat vars. for Pakistan and India from Mexico. That may be true for wheat in Africa, as well, but wheat is a very minor crop in Africa. Africa’s top four staple crops are maize, cassava, sorghum, and millets, which are notorious for requiring local adaptation. Africa has xx% of the world’s human population, but yy% of the world’s independent nations. Aside from a few large countries like Nigeria, Ethiopia, and Congo, Africa is a continent of small countries, meaning hard-won policy breakthroughs don’t travel far, at least in the immediate term. Estimates are that xx% of seed used in Africa is of traditional varieties, which have many important genetic traits, some of which are quite valuable, but which tend to be low-yielding and unresponsive to fertilizers and improved crop management.
  • Harnessing University-NARI partnership to Develop Stress Tolerant and Nutrient-Rich Maize

    1. 1. Harnessing University-NARIpartnership to Develop Stress Tolerant and Nutrient-Rich Maize National Agricultural Research Organization Cereals Program The 3rd RUFORUM Biennial Conference , Sept 24-26, 2012
    2. 2. Outline● The Maize research● Case of collaborative drought research● University collaboration in maize research● Capacity building● Future outlook● Concluding remarks 2
    3. 3. Africa is Vast and Highly Diverse. Strategies for Crop Improvement and Seed Supply Must Embrace this Reality • Diverse agro-ecologies • A diversity of crops • Rain-fed systems • Segmented political landscape
    4. 4. Maize Program thrust● Develop adapted maize germplasm● Maintain and produce seed● New tools: breeding methods, software● Capacity building and knowledge sharing● Trial mechanization and electronic data capture● Collaborative research projects● Socio-economic studies
    5. 5. Maize Ecosystem in Uganda Highland agro-ecology • Eastern and S. Western • 15% of maize growing areas • Produces about 30% of maize
    6. 6. Losses of maizegrain yield due tovarious stresses inthe developingworld
    7. 7. Maize Research FocusStress Tolerant Maize Nutritional & Specialty Maize• Drought tolerant maize • Micronutrient-enriched maize• Tolerance to low fertility soils • Quality protein maize (QPM)• Striga resistance • Multi-purpose and specialty maize• Disease resistance, mycotoxin• Pre- and post harvest pest resistance• Improved grain storage• Highland maizeFood and income security Nutrition, HealthAdjust to climate change IncomeFood safetyEnvironmental concerns
    8. 8. Flowering and post- flowering drought stress• Top left: time of last irrigation• Top right: crop after flowering• Right: genotypic differences
    9. 9. Collaborative drought research• Water Efficient Maize for Africa (WEMA)• Drought Tolerant Maize for Africa (DTMA)
    10. 10. A case of WEMA Partnership World leader in MAB,World leader for gene discovery, traitbreeding maize for development and traitAfrican agro-ecological Monsanto licensingzones CIMMYT WEMA AATF• Expertise in field trials NARS African institution mandated to• Test DT maize access and deliver proprietary• Adapted checks technologies to smallholders• Capacity building African farmers opportunities
    11. 11. Sharing drought screening facilities at Kiboko
    12. 12. NARI-University collaboration in maize improvement1. Uganda within developing countries / SSA / ECA context2. Special relationship ● Areas of partnership / Interactions o Germplasm development & exchange o Capacity building - personnel training o Capacity building - infrastructure development o Impact assessment and targeting 12
    13. 13. Student Research activities imbedded within strong NARI breeding programs
    14. 14. NARI-University germplasm development• Access to Elite inbred lines, OPVs and hybrids derived from these inbreds, Narrow-based (2-10) heterotic synthetics, Tester lines (A, B), Early generation lines, & markers • Common nurseries • Multi-location trials • Seed requestsBreeding progress (2008-2012)• Drought tolerant maize - 6 Hybrids released (2 MSc. Students)• QPM - 1 OPV released & 1 Hybrid in NPT (4 Interns, 2 PhD)• Stem borer resistant - 3 OPVs & 8 hybrids released (2 PhD students)• Storage pest resistant - 5 SPR hybrids in NPTs (2 MSc. Students, 1 PhD)• IR - maize - 3 hybrids• Disease resistance - 12 new inbreds, (4 MSc., 3 PhD)
    15. 15. Partnership in Capacity building• International students - S.Sudan, Kenya, Tz, Rwanda, Burundi• Upgrading of Technicians -4• Biotechnology & biosafety ->2• Seed companies - Seed companies• Internships - Numerous• Graduate student attachments - >10 in plant breeding and seed systems
    16. 16. Experiences and Benefits of Univ/NARO partnership• Increased manpower in research• Shared infrastructure• Helps student training – HR, facilities and enrichment of students research experience – Choice of research area (crop +problems) • Keeping University Programs Relevant to National poverty eradications agenda
    17. 17. Mentorship; Seasoned scientists + not Research Crop
    18. 18. How does NARI-University partnership work?In the frame of distinct collaborative projects which are developed based on global, regional and national priorities● Potential project collaborators o Other NARES o Universities and other advanced research institutes o Private seed companies o NGOs/CBOs o Farmers/Farmers’ organizations
    19. 19. Future perspectives: New methods needs to beadopted to accelerate gains in crop improvement• Managed abiotic and biotic stress screening approaches• Doubled haploids• Maize molecular breeding approaches• Breeding software: Fieldbook• Maize Finder• GIS Software: Africa / Asia / Latin Maize ME’s Highland America Maize Research Atlas Upper humid mid-altitude Lower humid mid-altitude Dry mid-altitude Wet lowlands Dry lowlands 19
    20. 20. ConclusionBreeding = Germplasm + Methodology + People + Testing + Breedingsuccess Network Support=Genetic Gain We just need to get the Testing Network straight! WE NEED TO BUILD CAPACITY WE NEED TO IMPROVE QUALITY WE NEED TO TRAIN PERSONNEL
    21. 21. • A single bracelet does not jingle – Congo Proverb• Together the Teeth Can Cut. Somali proverb• A bunch of broomsticks is not easily broken as a single stick– African proverb
    22. 22. Thank you!

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