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EFFECT OF INFORMATION PATHWAYS ON SMALL-HOLDER TEA PRODUCTION IN WESTERN KENYA
EFFECT OF INFORMATION PATHWAYSON SMALL-HOLDER TEA PRODUCTION IN WESTERN KENYA VICTORIA MBIGIDDE
Introduction• Tea is one of the most important cash crops in Kenya. It contributes about 10% of the GDP.• 3m employees, 2nd foreign exchange earner.• Mainly grown by small-holder farmers, own 80% land under tea, produce over 60% made tea in the country.• TRFK generates information to help farmers increase crop yields, but use of this information has been limited, as seen from the low crop yields.
Statement of the problem• The yield of tea among small-holder farmers in Kenya continues to be low despite TRFK recommendations on innovations aimed at enhanced production.• Studies have mainly focused on production-based innovations, but access to information is an important factor influencing production.• Even so, limited work has been done to quantify and document the effect and efficiency of information dissemination to impact yield among small-holder farmers.
Objectives• Broad objective: – To contribute to a better understanding of how different forms of information dissemination can contribute to increased tea production among small-holder farmers.• Specific objectives: – Identify sources of information used by small-holder tea farmers in western Kenya. – Determine the information sources and socio-economic factors that influence the choice and use of a particular pathway/channel. – Determine the extent to which different information dissemination pathways impact tea production among small-holder tea famers.
Research questions• What types and sources of information are used by small-holder tea farmers in western Kenya?• What are the socio-economic factors that influence the choice and use of the type of information?• To what extent does information dissemination affect tea production among small-holder tea farmers?
KENYA WESTERN KENYA MT.ELGON M E O T. LG NB SA UI B N OA U G M BUNGOMA K K ME A A A G V IG H A I BUSIA KAKAMEGA VIHIGA # STUDY AREA Cheptik Muhudu Mugumati # # # Makuzhi # EAST TIRIKI Ishiru Kaptiki # # Bugina # IkoberoBombo # Lusui Busali # # # # Busweta Jeptulu Lutego # # # Wangulu # Chavakali # # #MUDETE Kaimosi Gaigedi Maragoli SABATIA Kibala # # Virembe # # # Musudzu SABATIA Kiritu # # # # Gahurubwa Mungavo Ebusiratsi Mbale Eruswi # I IS # # Shinyalu # # M EMUHAYAMagada Mutambi Hamisi # # Kapsoi # Khayega A # # # H Jumamoi EMUHAYA Majengo # # # # Gobei # Munzatsi Mudete Musasa # Shamakhokho # VIHIGA Vihiga # TIRIKI WEST # Lwombei LUANDA VIHIGA # LEGEND LuandaWekhomo # # # Towns Gimarakwa Muhaya # # Japrok # Mudete Gambogi Railway # N Rivers Roads Divisions Constituencies EMUHAYA HAMISI SABATIA VIHIGA 3 0 3 6 Kilometers Source:KNBS
Sampling design and data collection procedures• Multi stage sampling• Three districts (Vihiga, Sabatia & Emuhaya) varying in tea production.• Simple random sampling technique = 362 farmers• Primary data was gathered through an interview-led questionnaire.
Data Analysis• Descriptive statistics using SPSS package was used for analysis to satisfy objectives 1&2.• The logit model was estimated to assess the relation between use of different dissemination pathways and the farmer’s decisions.• A Cobb Douglas production function was used in estimating the overall effect of agricultural information on small scale tea production in the study area for objective 3.
Results:Sources of information on tea production
Results:Type of information disseminated to farmers
Results:Factors given by farmers for low tea production
Conclusions• Although a number of channels were used to disseminate information to farmers, only a few were effective.• Factories, fellow farmers, and media respectively were predominant channels of information.• Information on crop management and input supply was more available compared to information on marketing and record keeping.• Availability and utilization of fertilizer significantly influenced level of production.
Recommendations• Use a participatory approach to disseminated technologies.• Increase extension officers/staff.• Tap into media, mobile phones and other channels more intensively.• Need for efficient fertilizer use among smallholder farmers so as to boost small-holder tea sector.