Control of Newcastle disease in    villages poultry using        thermostable ND vaccinesByarugaba D. K, Nakavuma J. L, an...
IntroductionVillage poultry is one the  abundant assets accessible  to the poor.Can be utilized to  eradicate poverty  a...
Background to the studyNewcastle disease (ND) has been identified as the principal disease limiting free-range poultry pr...
Background ctd….Epidemiological factors that maintain the disease:  uncontrolled contacts in the villages between birds ...
Background ctd….A number of organizations and programmes have supported a number of interventions for improving free-rang...
ProblemSerious gap in understanding the farmers’ and other  stakeholders’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding  ...
Purpose of the studyTo identify opportunities for successful and sustainable poultry health care strategies among communit...
Specific           objectivesInvestigate the current knowledge, attitudes and practices o  the stakeholders and communiti...
MethodsQualitative methods   FGDs,   KIs andQuestionnaires used to collect poultry production data and  other paramete...
-Role of stakeholders                                                          Lack of thermostable vaccines              ...
Baseline characteristics of the respondents/Households   Characteristic                        Percent   Married          ...
Main source of poultry stock
Knowledge about poultry diseases and their control   Characteristic                                 Percent   Have knowled...
Knowledge about Newcastle disease (ND)Loss of birds due to disease (ND) in the last 3 years    Percent             Yes    ...
Farmer’s knowledge about control of Newcastle disease   Control strategies used to control ND disease                Perce...
Perceptions of farmers on challenges and limitations        against sustainable ND vaccination  Nature of challenges      ...
Farmers practices before interventionFarmers sell of birds when they get sick and this spreads and  sustains disease A f...
Positive lessons learnt from the interventions     Lessons     Birds no longer die from ND     Easy to recognize other dis...
Characteristic                                           RankImprove access to vaccines in villages                   2Enc...
Characteristic                            RankAvail vaccine at lower level               2Support training of farmers     ...
OpportunitiesFarmers appreciate ND as a problem and are anxious to control itGovernment through the District Production ...
AcknowledgementThis work was supported by RUFORUM     Grant # RU2010 GRG 02 .The vaccines used in this were provided by ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Control of Newcastle disease in villages poultry using thermostable ND vaccines

2,128 views
1,859 views

Published on

Presenatation made by Byarugaba D. K, Nakavuma J. L, and State A at the Biennial Conference, 2012

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,128
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
9
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Control of Newcastle disease in villages poultry using thermostable ND vaccines

  1. 1. Control of Newcastle disease in villages poultry using thermostable ND vaccinesByarugaba D. K, Nakavuma J. L, and State A. Makerere University
  2. 2. IntroductionVillage poultry is one the abundant assets accessible to the poor.Can be utilized to eradicate poverty addressing the needs of the underprivileged in society especially women and children.Plays an important role in the livelihoods  Nutrition, income, socio- cultural values, etc
  3. 3. Background to the studyNewcastle disease (ND) has been identified as the principal disease limiting free-range poultry production in low- income food-deficit countries (LIFDCs).Kills 70-100% of flocks when it strikes
  4. 4. Background ctd….Epidemiological factors that maintain the disease: uncontrolled contacts in the villages between birds from different households frequent introduction of birds from markets, gifts Contact with wild bird reservoirs Selling sick birds during outbreaksThe major challenges to successful and sustainable ND control seem to be socio-economic and attitude related.
  5. 5. Background ctd….A number of organizations and programmes have supported a number of interventions for improving free-range poultry health and production including vaccination against ND.However most of these have not been sustainable .This has resulted in ND remaining a serious challenge for free-range poultry producers.
  6. 6. ProblemSerious gap in understanding the farmers’ and other stakeholders’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding health care in village poultry systemsLimited understanding of the major challenges and limitations to sustainable ND control in particularOpportunities available for a successful and sustainable strategy are not well explained either.Limited use of thermostable vaccines
  7. 7. Purpose of the studyTo identify opportunities for successful and sustainable poultry health care strategies among communities for the free-range poultry production system in Uganda using ND as a model
  8. 8. Specific objectivesInvestigate the current knowledge, attitudes and practices o the stakeholders and communities that may limit or enhance successful and sustainable ND control I FRPEstablish the current challenges and limitations that constrain effective control of the disease.Establish the level of protection and impact that can be attained with live thermostable vaccinesIdentify lessons and best practices and opportunities that can be used for instituting a successful and sustainable ND for FRP
  9. 9. MethodsQualitative methods FGDs, KIs andQuestionnaires used to collect poultry production data and other parametersVaccination and evaluation of sero-conversion for protective titresImprove farmer’s knowledge in poultry production in general
  10. 10. -Role of stakeholders Lack of thermostable vaccines -Big doses of the vaccines packages -Limited supply and access of vaccines -Lack of local institutional support -Limited knowledge in control options -Wrong attitudes about disease control -Lack of good marketing systems -Vaccination failures -Organize farmers into groups -Identify opportunities together-Solicit feedback from -Engage local gov’t and NGOsstakeholder to identify both or CBOs for supportpositive lessons and challenges PROBLEM -Organize marketing groupsfor further refinement of the DIAGNOSIS -identify linkages for vaccinevaccination programme Identification of suppliers to vaccine producers challenges and limitations for successful ND vaccination LESSONS AND ACTION BEST PLANNING PRACTICES Identify Identify what Successful opportunities for a worked well for Village free- successful ND further action and range poultry vaccination in refinement free-range poultry vaccination against ND EVALUATING TAKING Evaluate the ACTION impact of the Involving all vaccination stakeholders in a processes vaccination programme -Avail small doses of vaccines -Immunological protection -Train farmers in vaccination -Poultry numbers and dynamics - Ensure timely vaccine supply -Knowledge of farmers in -Train and empower farmers to look vaccination for vaccines -Attitudinal change towards ND -Improve the attitudes through training control - Ensure effective vaccine delivery -Impact on the livelihoods in general - Vaccinate -Success of the vaccination in general Conceptual framework
  11. 11. Baseline characteristics of the respondents/Households Characteristic Percent Married 84.2 Wife 60 Crop husbandry 85.4 Access to extension services 30.4 Farming as a business 0.8 Keep Poultry 87.1 Free-range poultry 99.8 House birds only at night 99.6 Knew about poultry diseases 93.3 Knew about Newcastle disease 99.8 Had lost birds in the last 3 months 40 Birds not vaccinated 90
  12. 12. Main source of poultry stock
  13. 13. Knowledge about poultry diseases and their control Characteristic Percent Have knowledge on poultry diseases Yes 98.3 No 1.7 Poultry diseases/syndrome known Newcastle disease 91.2 Facial wounds 17.7 Diarrhea 46.4 Coughing 41.4 External parasites 9.9 Worms 2.8 Rank of the above diseases according to extent of losses (1=biggest losses, 6=least losses) Disease/symptom Rank Newcastle disease 1 Facial wounds 5 Diarrhea 3 Coughing 2 External parasites 6 Worms 4
  14. 14. Knowledge about Newcastle disease (ND)Loss of birds due to disease (ND) in the last 3 years Percent Yes 91.1 No 8.9The number of times deaths due to ND has occurred in a yearOnce a year 29.4Twice a year 36.8Three times a year 21.5Four times a year 12.3The last time respondent had ND in the flockDuring the last three months 54.9About six months ago 20.412 Or more months 24.7The percentage of birds lost during the last outbreak None 1.2 1-20% 12.0 21-40% 10.8 41-60% 17.5 61-80% 13.3 81-100% 45.2Whether ND is considered a big problem to poultry production Yes 94.8 No 5.2
  15. 15. Farmer’s knowledge about control of Newcastle disease Control strategies used to control ND disease Percent Vaccination 30.4 Treat with commercial drugs 21.5 Treat with local remedies 28.7 Isolate sick from healthy ones 7.2 Sell off the birds 9.9 Other (burry the dead, house cleaning, e.t.c) 1.7 Ranking of the control strategies from most helpful (1) to least helpful (5) Control strategies Rank Vaccination 1st Treat with commercial drugs 4th Treat with local remedies 2nd Isolate sick from healthy ones 3rd Sell off the birds 5th
  16. 16. Perceptions of farmers on challenges and limitations against sustainable ND vaccination Nature of challenges Percent Lack of access to vaccines 46 Limited extension services 35 Vaccines not working 14 High cost of vaccines 57 Long distance to where vaccines are sold 28 Lack of knowledge about vaccination 17 Fear of vaccines killing/causing 5.8 disease/harm Other (laziness, lack of cold chain, e.t.c) 7.2
  17. 17. Farmers practices before interventionFarmers sell of birds when they get sick and this spreads and sustains disease A few farmers vaccinate but met a lot of challenges in accessing vaccines and some have been frustrated by vaccine failure Many resorted to use of local remedies which do not offer any help They often re-stocked after outbreaks and start all over again
  18. 18. Positive lessons learnt from the interventions Lessons Birds no longer die from ND Easy to recognize other diseases Increased production Increased incomes from poultry Gained skills in vaccination That ND can be controlled
  19. 19. Characteristic RankImprove access to vaccines in villages 2Encourage group vaccination 5Farmer sensitization and training about vaccination 3Improve information access on availability and cost of 6vaccinesHouse birds for easy restraint 4Limit movement of birds 8Provide free vaccines 9Routine vaccinations at least 3 times a year 1Isolate sick from healthy ones 7
  20. 20. Characteristic RankAvail vaccine at lower level 2Support training of farmers 1Support farmers’ group formation 6Provide subsidized vaccines 3Improve extension and advisory services 4Provide free housing materials 5
  21. 21. OpportunitiesFarmers appreciate ND as a problem and are anxious to control itGovernment through the District Production Office and NAADS are willing to support the farmersLocal co. (BRENTEC) locally producing TS vaccines and willing to train vaccinators and suppliers and provide a cost effective vaccination strategyReady market for health poultry that provides good income and motivation to improve and increase productionFarmers are willing to pay for the vaccines
  22. 22. AcknowledgementThis work was supported by RUFORUM Grant # RU2010 GRG 02 .The vaccines used in this were provided by BRENTEC LtdThe Iganga local gov’t, Farmers, AICODE for the support

×