• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPLICATIONS ON FOOD AND AGRICUTURE IN AFRICA
 

CLIMATE CHANGE IMPLICATIONS ON FOOD AND AGRICUTURE IN AFRICA

on

  • 408 views

Presented by L.A.OGALLO at the Biennial Conference 2012.

Presented by L.A.OGALLO at the Biennial Conference 2012.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
408
Views on SlideShare
399
Embed Views
9

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

1 Embed 9

http://www.ruforum.org 9

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    CLIMATE CHANGE IMPLICATIONS ON FOOD AND AGRICUTURE IN AFRICA CLIMATE CHANGE IMPLICATIONS ON FOOD AND AGRICUTURE IN AFRICA Presentation Transcript

    • CLIMATE CHANGEIMPLICATIONS ON FOOD AND AGRICUTURE IN AFRICA L.A.OGALLO IGAD CLIMATE AND APPLICATIONS CENTRE (ICPAC) www.icpac.netand Department of Meteorology, University of Nairobi
    • IGAD CLIMATE AND APPLICATIONS CENTRE (ICPAC)8 IGAD MEMBERS PLUS TANZANIA, RWANDA AND BURUNDI 30 Sudan Eritrea 20 Djibouti 10 Ethiopia 0 Somalia Uganda -1 0 -2 0 Kenya Rwanda Burundi -3 0 Tanzania -1 0 0 10 20 30 40 50
    • Key issues• Climate change and food / Agriculture• Tomorrow’s Climate (2030; 2070, 2100, 2300,--- ) Africa (Climate change) and potential implications• Past / present climates and impacts on food / Agriculture? (Natural vs Anthropogenic Climate Change)• Building resilient climate smart systems for climate proofing food and agriculture in Africa• Roles of universities and research institutions
    • Today’s climate ( Current Baselines ofthe African climate)•Most of the Continent has arid andsemi arid climates (climate key risk)•Most livelihoods are rain dependent•Water key stress (most water sourcesfrom under ground, rain , rivers from glacialmountains and wetter areas; inter territorialrivers (Shared river basins)
    • ARID AND SEMI ARID lands(ASALs) cover over 70%
    • Examples of past andpresent climates in Africa
    • Mean African compared to other regions, IPCC
    • Min Temperature at one location, Kenya Seasonal rainfall 16 14 12Minimum Temperature(Deg. C) 10 8 6 4 2 0 Jan-62 Jan-68 Jan-72 Jan-78 Jan-04 Jan-60 Jan-64 Jan-66 Jan-70 Jan-74 Jan-76 Jan-80 Jan-82 Jan-84 Jan-86 Jan-88 Jan-90 Jan-92 Jan-94 Jan-96 Jan-98 Jan-00 Jan-02 Month/Year Zone 14 (Kabete) Seasonal rainfall 60 50 Mean MAM decadal rainfall (mm) 40 30 20 10 0 -10 -20 -30 -40 -50 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 years Decadal variability
    • Kilimanjaro glaciers melting Complete disappearance of Kilimanjaro’s glaciers by 2020
    • Summary of past / presentclimates in AFICA•Warming trends•Changes in space-time patternsof the rainfall•Changes in Climate extremes egfrequency, severity, on set /cessation dates, etc.•Serious Data / knowledge gaps
    • IMPACTS OF PAST /PRESENT CLIMATES on•Food andAgriculture (+ Livestock)(IPCC Assessments and specialreport on extremes) ; Agricultureexperts have more strengths
    • DISATERS AND DEVELOPMENT TODAY 14
    • Hazards frequency Affected society: Drought, epidemics, floods Affected Drought leadsFrequencyepidemics,droughtfloods Deaths Epidemics Drought
    • CAUSES OF NEGATIVEIMPACTS•Hazards droughts, floods, andother climate extremes real•High level of vulnerability•Low capacity•Most hazards turn to Disasters•Future change will bedevastation with out adaptation
    • CLIMATE OF TOMORROW in AfricaWILL BE DETERMINED BY:• Population• Economic development• Energy production and energy consumption• Science and Technology• Land use• Policies, etc
    • Desertification; environment degradation patterns;etcPopulation;urbanization, etc.
    • Temperature and Precipitation Changes over Africa Temperature and precipitation changes over Africa. Differences between 1980-1999 and 2080-2099, averaged over 21 GCMs
    • Vulnerability of the African Continent
    • Vulnerability of the African Continent
    • Roles of Universities andresearch institutions(research)•Local Knowledge of climateand EXTREMES and theirinteractions with vulnerabilityand capacity factors
    • Research Gaps•Development and diffusion of Scienceand technology innovations required toaddress the regional climate changesneeds and Gaps including regionalclimate science / local scenariosrequired for climate risk reduction(impacts, vulnerability, mitigation andadaptation) eg Geoengineering• Resources for research , S & Tinnovations (1% investment)
    • Climate proofing of Agriculture– Research, knowledge, S $ T innovations– Drought Resistant Varieties; livestock, forestry– Intercropping and diversification– Crop / Seed varieties– Diversification of livelihood options– Climate Hot spots mapping– Integration of climate information in Food and Agriculture Prediction and early warning– Water , agriculture and related policies– Disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation strategy– Capacity building / Community Based
    • Other key issues•Observations and Data base•Local scenarios ; Monitoring, and Early WarningSystems•Capacity (human, technical, Computing, Risk modelling, ---)•Policies / implementation•Education, awareness, networking•Weak national Institutions•Networking, Coordination and Collaboration•Roles of local / indigenous knowledge•Water availability
    • Opportunities onCLIMATE CHANGEStudies AVAILABLEAT ICPAC