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Past scholars and scientists



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  • 2. ARISTACHUS • Born: 310 BC, Greece • Died: 230 BC Aristarchus of Samos was an ancient Greek astronomer and Mathematician who presented the first known model that placed the Sun at the center of the known universe with the Earth revolving around it. He figured out how to measure the relative distances from the Earth (E) of the Sun (S) and the Moon (M). When the Moon is exactly half full, the angle E-M- S must be exactly 90 degrees.
  • 3. HIPPOCRATES Born: 460 BC, Greece Died: 370 BC, Hippocrates made such an impression on medical history that his name is very much associated with medicine today. All newly qualified doctors take what is called the ‘Hippocratic Oath’ and some see Hippocrates as the father of modern medicine even though he did most of his work some 430 years before the birth of Christ.
  • 4. ARISTOTLE, A FAMOUS GREEK SCIENTIST Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle was born circa 384 B.C. in Stagira, Greece. When he turned 17, he enrolled in Plato’s Academy. In 338, he began tutoring Alexander the great. In 335, Aristotle founded his own school, the Lyceum, in Athens, where he spent most of the rest of his life studying, teaching and writing. Aristotle died in 322 B.C.
  • 5. PLATO , A GREAT SCIENTIST Plato was born around the year 428 BCE in Athens. His father died while Plato was young, and his mother remarried to Pyrilampes, in whose house Plato would grow up. Plato's birth name was Aristocles, and he gained the nickname Platon, meaning broad, because of his broad build. His family had a history in politics, and Plato was destined to a life in keeping with this history. He studied at a gymnasium owned by Dionysios, and at the palaistra of Ariston of Argos. When he was young he studied music and poetry.
  • 6. ALEXANDER THE GREAT Alexander III of Macedon, commonly known as Alexander the Great, was a king of Macedon, a state in northern ancient Greece. Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16. Wikipedia Born: July 356 BC, Pella, greece Died: June 323 BC, Babylon, Iraq Full name: Alexander III of Macedon Parents: , Philip II of Mecedon, Olympias Spouse: Roxana (m. 327 BC–323 BC), Stateira II (m. 324 BC–323 BC),Parysatis II (m. 324 BC–323 BC) Nicknames: Shahanshah of Persia, Lord of Asia, Pharaoh of Egypt,Hegemon of the Hellenic League, Basileus of Macedon
  • 7. Julius Caesar Julius Caesar, one of Ancient most famous individuals, was born in 100 BC - or near to that year. Julius Caesar joined the Roman Army in 81 BC and was the first Roman army commander to invade England which he did in 55 BC and again in 54 BC. Caesar was born into a wealthy family and he was a well educated child who was good at sport.He died on 44 BC.
  • 8. Augustus Caesar Augustus, also called Augustus Caesar or (until 27 BCE) Octavian, original name Gaius Octavian, adopted name Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian (born Sept. 23, 63 BCE— died Aug. 19, 14 BC, Nola, near Naples [Italy]), first Roman emperor, following the republic, which had been finally destroyed by the dictatorship of Julius Ceasur, his great-uncle and adoptive father.
  • 9. Socrates Socrates, (born c. 470 BCE, Athens [Greece]—died 399BCE, Athens), Greek philosopher whose way of life, character, and thought exerted a profound influence on ancient and modern philosophy. Socrates was a widely recognized and controversial figure in his native Athens, so much so that he was frequently mocked in the plays of comic dramatists.