Part 2
Matthew 5:19-48
“Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the
name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy S...
the Least and the Greatest
“Therefore anyone who
* sets aside one of the least of these commands and
* teaches others acco...
The Struggle

Whose commands?
Kingdom of Heaven
LEAST

•
•

Sets aside one of the least of these
commands
Teaches others to do the same

GREATEST

•
•

...
“For I tell you that unless
your righteousness surpasses
that of the Pharisees and the
teachers of the law, you will
certa...
What kind of
righteousness surpasses
that of the Pharisees?
The Problem
The Problem

Law + No Spirit = Righteousness of the Pharisees
Law + Holy Spirit = God’s Righteousness???
This righteousness [of God]
is given through faith in Jesus
Christ to all who believe.
Romans 3:22, NIV
The Solution
The Solution
Law + No Spirit = Righteousness of the Pharisees
The Solution
Law + No Spirit = Righteousness of the Pharisees
Law + Holy Spirit = God’s Righteousness
The Solution
Law + No Spirit = Righteousness of the Pharisees
Law + Holy Spirit = God’s Righteousness
The Solution
Law + No Spirit = Righteousness of the Pharisees
Law + Holy Spirit = God’s Righteousness
Faith in Christ = Go...
“For I tell you that unless
your righteousness surpasses
that of the Pharisees and the
teachers of the law, you will
certa...
“For I tell you that unless
your righteousness surpasses
that of the Pharisees and the
teachers of the law, you will
certa...
“For I tell you that unless
your righteousness surpasses
that of the Pharisees and the
teachers of the law, you will
certa...
Whose commands?
Whose commands?
Moses
Whose commands?
Moses

Jesus
Murder vs Anger
“You have heard that it was said to the
people long ago, 'Do not murder, and
anyone who murders will be su...
Adultery vs Lust
"You have heard that it was said,
'Do not commit adultery.'
But I tell you that anyone who
looks at a wom...
With certificate vs On infidelity
"It has been said, 'Anyone who
divorces his wife must give her a
certificate of divorce.'
B...
Oaths vs No oaths
"Again, you have heard that it was said to
the people long ago, 'Do not break your
oath, but keep the oa...
Revenge vs Blessing
"You have heard that it was said, 'Eye
for eye, and tooth for tooth.'
But I tell you, Do not resist an...
Hatred vs Love
"You have heard that it was said, 'Love your
neighbor and hate your enemy.'
But I tell you: Love your enemi...
Old Terms vs New Terms
It was said
Do not murder
Do not commit adultery
Divorce with certificate
Keep your oaths
Revenge ok...
EXPANDED

Old Terms vs New Terms
It was said
Do not murder
Do not commit adultery
Divorce with certificate
Keep your oaths
...
LIMITED

Old Terms vs New Terms
It was said
Do not murder
Do not commit adultery
Divorce with certificate
Keep your oaths
R...
REVERSED

Old Terms vs New Terms
It was said
Do not murder
Do not commit adultery
Divorce with certificate
Keep your oaths
...
FINE PRINT
We reserve the right, at our discretion, to revise these Terms and
Conditions at any time and without prior not...
Revised Terms

Through these verses we begin to see that the terms of the Mosaic
Covenant appear to have been revised -- a...
Revised Terms

Through these verses we begin to see that the terms of the Mosaic
Covenant appear to have been revised -- a...
Shift from the Old to the New
Shift from the Old to the New
Shift from Moses to Jesus
Shift from the Old to the New
Shift from Moses to Jesus
Shift from Law to Faith in Christ
Shift from the Old to the New
Shift from Moses to Jesus
Shift from Law to Faith in Christ
Shift from the Commandments to “...
BACKGROUND

SERMON ON THE MOUNT
but wait!
there’s more!
but wait!
there’s more!
next week...
THE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978,
1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. ...
DiscipleShift (Part 2)
DiscipleShift (Part 2)
DiscipleShift (Part 2)
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DiscipleShift (Part 2)

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A study on Matthew 5:19-48 showing how Jesus revised the terms of the covenant, making the Old Covenant obsolete and presenting the terms of the New Covenant. "These commands" refer to Jesus' commands in the Sermon on the Mount and not to the laws of the Old Covenant.

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DiscipleShift (Part 2)

  1. 1. Part 2 Matthew 5:19-48
  2. 2. “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you.” Matt. 28:19-20, NIV
  3. 3. the Least and the Greatest “Therefore anyone who * sets aside one of the least of these commands and * teaches others accordingly will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever * practices and * teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.” Matt. 5:19, NIV
  4. 4. The Struggle Whose commands?
  5. 5. Kingdom of Heaven LEAST • • Sets aside one of the least of these commands Teaches others to do the same GREATEST • • Practices these commands Teaches these commands
  6. 6. “For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven.” Matt. 5:20, NIV Righteousness of the Pharisees and teachers of the law KINGDOM OF HEAVEN Greatest Least
  7. 7. What kind of righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees?
  8. 8. The Problem
  9. 9. The Problem Law + No Spirit = Righteousness of the Pharisees Law + Holy Spirit = God’s Righteousness???
  10. 10. This righteousness [of God] is given through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. Romans 3:22, NIV
  11. 11. The Solution
  12. 12. The Solution Law + No Spirit = Righteousness of the Pharisees
  13. 13. The Solution Law + No Spirit = Righteousness of the Pharisees Law + Holy Spirit = God’s Righteousness
  14. 14. The Solution Law + No Spirit = Righteousness of the Pharisees Law + Holy Spirit = God’s Righteousness
  15. 15. The Solution Law + No Spirit = Righteousness of the Pharisees Law + Holy Spirit = God’s Righteousness Faith in Christ = God’s Righteousness
  16. 16. “For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven.” Matt. 5:20, NIV Righteousness of the Pharisees and teachers of the law What kind of righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees? KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
  17. 17. “For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven.” Matt. 5:20, NIV Righteousness of the Pharisees and teachers of the law KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
  18. 18. “For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven.” Matt. 5:20, NIV Righteousness of the Pharisees and teachers of the law Faith in Christ KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
  19. 19. Whose commands?
  20. 20. Whose commands? Moses
  21. 21. Whose commands? Moses Jesus
  22. 22. Murder vs Anger “You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'Do not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.' But I tell you that anyone who is angry with his brother will be subject to judgment.” Matt. 5:21-22a, NIV
  23. 23. Adultery vs Lust "You have heard that it was said, 'Do not commit adultery.' But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.” Matt. 5:27-28, NIV
  24. 24. With certificate vs On infidelity "It has been said, 'Anyone who divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce.' But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for marital unfaithfulness, causes her to become an adulteress, and anyone who marries the divorced woman commits adultery.” Matt. 5:31-32, NIV
  25. 25. Oaths vs No oaths "Again, you have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'Do not break your oath, but keep the oaths you have made to the Lord.' But I tell you, Do not swear at all: either by heaven, for it is God's throne; or by the earth, for it is his footstool; or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the Great King.” Matt. 5:33-35, NIV
  26. 26. Revenge vs Blessing "You have heard that it was said, 'Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.' But I tell you, Do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.” Matt. 5:38-39, NIV
  27. 27. Hatred vs Love "You have heard that it was said, 'Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.' But I tell you: Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, that you may be sons of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.” Matt. 5:43-45, NIV
  28. 28. Old Terms vs New Terms It was said Do not murder Do not commit adultery Divorce with certificate Keep your oaths Revenge ok Hate your enemy I tell you Do not be angry Do not lust Divorce on infidelity Do not swear Don’t resist Love your enemy
  29. 29. EXPANDED Old Terms vs New Terms It was said Do not murder Do not commit adultery Divorce with certificate Keep your oaths Revenge ok Hate your enemy I tell you Do not be angry Do not lust Divorce on infidelity Do not swear Don’t resist Love your enemy
  30. 30. LIMITED Old Terms vs New Terms It was said Do not murder Do not commit adultery Divorce with certificate Keep your oaths Revenge ok Hate your enemy I tell you Do not be angry Do not lust Divorce on infidelity Do not swear Don’t resist Love your enemy
  31. 31. REVERSED Old Terms vs New Terms It was said Do not murder Do not commit adultery Divorce with certificate Keep your oaths Revenge ok Hate your enemy I tell you Do not be angry Do not lust Divorce on infidelity Do not swear Don’t resist Love your enemy
  32. 32. FINE PRINT We reserve the right, at our discretion, to revise these Terms and Conditions at any time and without prior notice, and such revision shall be effective immediately upon the posting of the revised Terms and Conditions.
  33. 33. Revised Terms Through these verses we begin to see that the terms of the Mosaic Covenant appear to have been revised -- an indication that it had become obsolete and that another Covenant was taking its place.
  34. 34. Revised Terms Through these verses we begin to see that the terms of the Mosaic Covenant appear to have been revised -- an indication that it had become obsolete and that another Covenant was taking its place.
  35. 35. Shift from the Old to the New
  36. 36. Shift from the Old to the New Shift from Moses to Jesus
  37. 37. Shift from the Old to the New Shift from Moses to Jesus Shift from Law to Faith in Christ
  38. 38. Shift from the Old to the New Shift from Moses to Jesus Shift from Law to Faith in Christ Shift from the Commandments to “these Commands”
  39. 39. BACKGROUND SERMON ON THE MOUNT
  40. 40. but wait! there’s more!
  41. 41. but wait! there’s more! next week...
  42. 42. THE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.
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