Kinds of Verbs Action verbs expressmental or physical action. He rode the horse to victory.
PRONOUN A pronoun is a short word that takes the place of a noun. Pronouns can be: Subjects : He or She Objects: Him or Her Possessive: His or Hers Indefinite: nobody or all Demonstrative: this or those
The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns. It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea. Indefinite Pronouns anybody each either none someone, one, etc.
ADJECTIVE Adjectives are descriptive words used to “modify” or tell more about nouns and Presenting a pronouns…blue car, a red Without colorful and precisecar and a light adjectives, language would brown car… be pretty blah!
ADVERB An adverb modifies and describes a verb,. Adverbs frames questions likehow, where and when:“Yesterday, she ran quickly to home.” The most commonly used adverb in English is “very.” Many adverbs end in “ly”E.g.: quickly, carefully, & slowly…
Interrogative Adverbs How did you break yourintroduce questions leg? How often do you run? Where did you put the mouse trap?
Answers the questions: He ran quickly. She left yesterday.We went there. It was too hot! To what degree or how much?
PREPOSITION A preposition shows a position relationship between two or more nouns or pronouns. “She walked through the door into the room.”
Some Common Prepositionsaboard behind from throughout about below in to above beneath into toward across beside like under after between of underneathagainst beyond off until along by on up among down over uponaround during past with at except since within before for through without
CONJUNCTION A conjunction is a short joining word, such as “and, or, but, for, so & yet.” The main function of a conjunction is to join words, phrases and clauses together: E.g.. Slowly and carefully A red hat and a white shirt He had no ticket, but he went anyway.
The ConjunctionA conjunction is a word that joins words or groups of words. or but
The Interjectionis an exclamatory word that expresses emotion Goodness! What a cute baby!Wow! Look at that Sunset.
INTERJECTION An interjection is a word (or words) of shock or surprise. It is usually used by itself and is followed by an exclamation point. Examples are:“Watch out! Wow!, Cool!, Awesome! and soWhere’d this on… rocket come from???”
1) Simple Present Tense It indicates exactly when an action or event takes place in the present. They talk everyday S V See how the sun shines. S V I have an idea. S V
1) Simple Present Tense Simple present tensealso have general true fact in which we should always add “S” The sun rises in the east S V The water boils at 100 degree Celsius S V• The earth is round. S V
2) Present Perfect Tense It indicates an event that began in the past and continues up to the present and the action which has been completed. They have arrived. S V The sun has set S V I have thought this idea before. S V
3) Present Continuous Tense Present continuous tense have two parts:• The present tense of the verb to be (am; is ; are)• The present participle of the main verb (Verb + ing).
Examples: They are talking to each other. S V + ing The sun is shining. S V + ing I am playing a computer. S V + ing He is thinking.. S V + ing
4) Present Perfect Continuous Tense Present perfect continuous tense have two parts: • The present perfect of the verb ‘to be’ (have/has been) + • The present participle of the main verb (Verb + ing).
4) Present Perfect Continuous TenseIt shows that the action began in the past and continuing up to the present time. They have been waiting for two hours S VShe has been studying grammar for an hour. S V
1) Simple Past TenseIt indicates exactly when an action or event takes place in the past and ends with “ed”. They talked yesterday S V I studied last night S V I had an idea. S V
2) Past Perfect Tense It denote an event which had been completed in the past before another action starts. Ram had left before madan reached the place. S V I had finished my studies when ali came to see me S V
3) Past Continuous Tense Past continuous tense have two parts: • The past tense of the verb to be (was / were) • The base of the main verb (Verb + ing).
Examples: They were talking to each other. S V + ing The sun was shining. S V + ing I was playing computer yesterday. S V + ing He was thinking.. S V + ing
4) Past Perfect Continuous Tense Past perfect continuous tense have two parts: • The past perfect of the verb ‘to be’ (had been) and • The present participle (Verb + ing).
4) Past Perfect Continuous Tense It shows that the action had begun prior to the past time They had been Dancing for two hours S VShe had been studying grammar for an hour. S V
Form: “Will” Subject Will Verb I will open the door. Note: You will finish before me.When using the word not, always put it He will not be at school tomorrow.between the will and She will help you. the verb. It will be there tomorrow. They will not do their homework. We will not leave yet. The will alwayscomes first whenasking a question. Will you not arrive on time? Will they want dinner?
When to use the “will” form Use “will” to express a voluntary action.• I will give you the phone number.• Will you help me with my homework?• The phone rings. “I will get it.” Use “will” when there is no plan.• We will see what happens.• I think I will go to gym tomorrow. Use “will” when making promises.• I will call you when I arrive.• I promise I will not tell anyone about the secret.• Do not worry. I will be careful.
Form: “Be going to”Subject am/is/are Going to Verb I am not going to open the door. You are going to meet Ram tonight. He is going to be at school tomorrow. She is not going to clean the floor. It is going to be there tomorrow. They are not going to make dinner. We are going to make some sandwiches. When asking a question Are You going to meet Ram tonight? Is he not going to do his homework?
“will” or “be going to” We can use either of those forms when making a prediction. • This year will be an interesting year. • This year is going to be an interesting year. • Barack Obama will be the next president. • Barack Obama is going to be the next president.
2) Future Perfect Tense It denote an event which will be completed in the future Ram shall have reached the place before Hari. S V I shall have done my homework before you come. S V
3) Future Continuous Tense Future continuous tense have two parts: • The simple future of the verb to be (will be) • The present participle of the verb (Verb + ing).
Examples: They will be talking to each other. S V + ing I will be playing computer tomorrow. S V + ing He will be thinking deeply.. S V + ing
4) Future Perfect Continuous Tense Future perfect continuous tense have two parts: • The future perfect of the verb ‘to be’ (will have been) and • The present participle of the main verb (Verb + ing).
4) Future Perfect Continuous Tense It shows that the action whether finished or unfinished They will have been Dancing for two hours S VShe will have been learning grammar for an hour. S V