English Grammar                  Parts of Speech© Capital Community
Eight Parts of Speech        NounsInterjectionsAdjectives                Conjunctions
Word that names             A   PersonA   Place                     A Thing  An Idea
Kinds of NounsCommon Nouns     Proper Nouns    boy            John   girl            MarySingular Nouns   Plural Nouns   b...
VERB   A verb tells what the    noun does or is…   An action verb tells you    that “She dances.”       •A linking or st...
Every sentence must have        a© Capital Community
Kinds of Verbs Action verbs expressmental or physical action.       He rode the horse to victory.
PRONOUN   A pronoun is a short word that takes    the place of a noun.   Pronouns can be:    Subjects : He or She    Obj...
The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns.     It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea.           ...
ADJECTIVE                     Adjectives are descriptive                      words used to “modify” or                  ...
ADVERB An adverb   modifies and describes a  verb,. Adverbs frames questions likehow, where and when:“Yesterday, she ran...
Interrogative   Adverbs                  How did you break yourintroduce questions                  leg?                  ...
Answers the questions: He ran quickly. She left yesterday.We went there.  It was too hot!      To what degree or how much?
PREPOSITION       A preposition shows a position        relationship between two or more        nouns or pronouns.      ...
Some Common Prepositionsaboard     behind     from    throughout about      below       in        to above    beneath     ...
CONJUNCTION A conjunction is a short joining  word, such as “and, or, but, for, so  & yet.” The main function of a conju...
The ConjunctionA conjunction is a word that joins words          or groups of words.                           or         ...
The Interjectionis an exclamatory word that expresses               emotion           Goodness! What a cute baby!Wow! Look...
INTERJECTION                An interjection is a word (or                 words) of shock or surprise.                It...
English Grammar                      Tenses            Tense expresses the time of an                   event or action.© ...
Types of Present Tenses                      •Simple present tense                      •Present perfect tense            ...
1) Simple Present Tense       It indicates exactly when an action or event takes                        place in the prese...
1) Simple Present Tense    Simple present tensealso have general true     fact in which we should always add “S” The sun...
2) Present Perfect Tense   It indicates an event that began in the past and continues up        to the present and the act...
3) Present Continuous Tense Present   continuous tense have two parts:•   The present tense of the verb to be            ...
Examples:   They are talking to each other.      S       V + ing           The sun is shining.              S          V...
4) Present Perfect Continuous Tense Present   perfect continuous tense have two parts:       •   The present perfect of t...
4) Present Perfect Continuous TenseIt shows that the action began in the past and continuing up                      to th...
Types of Past Tenses                      • Simple past tense                      •   Past perfect tense                 ...
1) Simple Past TenseIt indicates exactly when an action or event takes place in the                     past and ends with...
2) Past Perfect Tense       It denote an event which had been completed in the past                      before another ac...
3) Past Continuous Tense Past continuous tense have   two parts:          • The past tense of the verb to be             ...
Examples:   They were talking to each other.      S       V + ing         The sun was shining.              S       V + ...
4) Past Perfect Continuous Tense Past   perfect continuous tense have two parts:          •   The past perfect of the ver...
4) Past Perfect Continuous Tense  It shows that the action had begun prior to the past time They had been Dancing      fo...
Types of Future Tenses                      •Simple future tense                      • Future perfect tense              ...
Simple Future TenseSimple Future tense denotes the action that        will take place in the future. It       has 2 differ...
Form: “Will”                       Subject Will             Verb                          I      will           open      ...
When to use the “will” form          Use “will” to express a voluntary action.• I will give you the phone number.• Will y...
Form: “Be going to”Subject   am/is/are         Going to    Verb  I          am       not going to      open         the do...
“will” or “be going to” We can use either of those forms when making a                     prediction.       • This year ...
2) Future Perfect Tense      It denote an event which will be completed in the future Ram shall have reached the place be...
3) Future Continuous Tense Future continuous tense have   two parts:        • The simple future of the verb to be        ...
Examples:    They will be talking to each other.       S          V + ing I will be playing computer tomorrow.  S       ...
4) Future Perfect Continuous Tense Future perfect continuous tense have       two parts:           •    The future perfec...
4) Future Perfect Continuous Tense  It shows that the action whether finished or unfinished They will have been Dancing  ...
end of slide showMALT ©2007 Smart– Interactive Lessons – Language, Grammar
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English grammar final

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English grammar final

  1. 1. English Grammar Parts of Speech© Capital Community
  2. 2. Eight Parts of Speech NounsInterjectionsAdjectives Conjunctions
  3. 3. Word that names A PersonA Place  A Thing  An Idea
  4. 4. Kinds of NounsCommon Nouns Proper Nouns boy John girl MarySingular Nouns Plural Nouns boy boys girl girls
  5. 5. VERB  A verb tells what the noun does or is…  An action verb tells you that “She dances.” •A linking or state of being verb tells you that “The monster is ugly.”
  6. 6. Every sentence must have a© Capital Community
  7. 7. Kinds of Verbs Action verbs expressmental or physical action. He rode the horse to victory.
  8. 8. PRONOUN A pronoun is a short word that takes the place of a noun. Pronouns can be: Subjects : He or She Objects: Him or Her Possessive: His or Hers Indefinite: nobody or all Demonstrative: this or those
  9. 9. The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns. It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea. Indefinite Pronouns anybody each either none someone, one, etc.
  10. 10. ADJECTIVE  Adjectives are descriptive words used to “modify” or tell more about nouns and Presenting a pronouns…blue car, a red  Without colorful and precisecar and a light adjectives, language would brown car… be pretty blah!
  11. 11. ADVERB An adverb modifies and describes a verb,. Adverbs frames questions likehow, where and when:“Yesterday, she ran quickly to home.” The most commonly used adverb in English is “very.” Many adverbs end in “ly”E.g.: quickly, carefully, & slowly…
  12. 12. Interrogative Adverbs How did you break yourintroduce questions leg? How often do you run? Where did you put the mouse trap?
  13. 13. Answers the questions: He ran quickly. She left yesterday.We went there. It was too hot! To what degree or how much?
  14. 14. PREPOSITION  A preposition shows a position relationship between two or more nouns or pronouns.  “She walked through the door into the room.”
  15. 15. Some Common Prepositionsaboard behind from throughout about below in to above beneath into toward across beside like under after between of underneathagainst beyond off until along by on up among down over uponaround during past with at except since within before for through without
  16. 16. CONJUNCTION A conjunction is a short joining word, such as “and, or, but, for, so & yet.” The main function of a conjunction is to join words, phrases and clauses together: E.g.. Slowly and carefully A red hat and a white shirt He had no ticket, but he went anyway.
  17. 17. The ConjunctionA conjunction is a word that joins words or groups of words. or but
  18. 18. The Interjectionis an exclamatory word that expresses emotion Goodness! What a cute baby!Wow! Look at that Sunset.
  19. 19. INTERJECTION  An interjection is a word (or words) of shock or surprise.  It is usually used by itself and is followed by an exclamation point.  Examples are:“Watch out! Wow!, Cool!, Awesome! and soWhere’d this on… rocket come from???”
  20. 20. English Grammar Tenses Tense expresses the time of an event or action.© Capital Community
  21. 21. Types of Present Tenses •Simple present tense •Present perfect tense •Present continuous tense •Present perfect continuous tense© Capital Community
  22. 22. 1) Simple Present Tense It indicates exactly when an action or event takes place in the present.  They talk everyday S V See how the sun shines. S V  I have an idea. S V
  23. 23. 1) Simple Present Tense  Simple present tensealso have general true fact in which we should always add “S” The sun rises in the east S V The water boils at 100 degree Celsius S V• The earth is round. S V
  24. 24. 2) Present Perfect Tense It indicates an event that began in the past and continues up to the present and the action which has been completed.  They have arrived. S V The sun has set S V  I have thought this idea before. S V
  25. 25. 3) Present Continuous Tense Present continuous tense have two parts:• The present tense of the verb to be (am; is ; are)• The present participle of the main verb (Verb + ing).
  26. 26. Examples: They are talking to each other. S V + ing  The sun is shining. S V + ing  I am playing a computer. S V + ing  He is thinking.. S V + ing
  27. 27. 4) Present Perfect Continuous Tense Present perfect continuous tense have two parts: • The present perfect of the verb ‘to be’ (have/has been) + • The present participle of the main verb (Verb + ing).
  28. 28. 4) Present Perfect Continuous TenseIt shows that the action began in the past and continuing up to the present time. They have been waiting for two hours S VShe has been studying grammar for an hour. S V
  29. 29. Types of Past Tenses • Simple past tense • Past perfect tense • Past continuous tense • Past perfect continuous tense© Capital Community
  30. 30. 1) Simple Past TenseIt indicates exactly when an action or event takes place in the past and ends with “ed”.  They talked yesterday S V  I studied last night S V  I had an idea. S V
  31. 31. 2) Past Perfect Tense It denote an event which had been completed in the past before another action starts. Ram had left before madan reached the place. S V I had finished my studies when ali came to see me S V
  32. 32. 3) Past Continuous Tense Past continuous tense have two parts: • The past tense of the verb to be (was / were) • The base of the main verb (Verb + ing).
  33. 33. Examples: They were talking to each other. S V + ing  The sun was shining. S V + ing I was playing computer yesterday. S V + ing  He was thinking.. S V + ing
  34. 34. 4) Past Perfect Continuous Tense Past perfect continuous tense have two parts: • The past perfect of the verb ‘to be’ (had been) and • The present participle (Verb + ing).
  35. 35. 4) Past Perfect Continuous Tense It shows that the action had begun prior to the past time They had been Dancing for two hours S VShe had been studying grammar for an hour. S V
  36. 36. Types of Future Tenses •Simple future tense • Future perfect tense •Future continuous tense •Future perfect continuous© Capital Community
  37. 37. Simple Future TenseSimple Future tense denotes the action that will take place in the future. It has 2 different forms in English: “will or shall” and “be going to”© Capital Community
  38. 38. Form: “Will” Subject Will Verb I will open the door. Note: You will finish before me.When using the word not, always put it He will not be at school tomorrow.between the will and She will help you. the verb. It will be there tomorrow. They will not do their homework. We will not leave yet. The will alwayscomes first whenasking a question. Will you not arrive on time? Will they want dinner?
  39. 39. When to use the “will” form  Use “will” to express a voluntary action.• I will give you the phone number.• Will you help me with my homework?• The phone rings. “I will get it.”  Use “will” when there is no plan.• We will see what happens.• I think I will go to gym tomorrow.  Use “will” when making promises.• I will call you when I arrive.• I promise I will not tell anyone about the secret.• Do not worry. I will be careful.
  40. 40. Form: “Be going to”Subject am/is/are Going to Verb I am not going to open the door. You are going to meet Ram tonight. He is going to be at school tomorrow. She is not going to clean the floor. It is going to be there tomorrow. They are not going to make dinner. We are going to make some sandwiches. When asking a question Are You going to meet Ram tonight? Is he not going to do his homework?
  41. 41. “will” or “be going to” We can use either of those forms when making a prediction. • This year will be an interesting year. • This year is going to be an interesting year. • Barack Obama will be the next president. • Barack Obama is going to be the next president.
  42. 42. 2) Future Perfect Tense It denote an event which will be completed in the future Ram shall have reached the place before Hari. S V I shall have done my homework before you come. S V
  43. 43. 3) Future Continuous Tense Future continuous tense have two parts: • The simple future of the verb to be (will be) • The present participle of the verb (Verb + ing).
  44. 44. Examples:  They will be talking to each other. S V + ing I will be playing computer tomorrow. S V + ing  He will be thinking deeply.. S V + ing
  45. 45. 4) Future Perfect Continuous Tense Future perfect continuous tense have two parts: • The future perfect of the verb ‘to be’ (will have been) and • The present participle of the main verb (Verb + ing).
  46. 46. 4) Future Perfect Continuous Tense It shows that the action whether finished or unfinished They will have been Dancing for two hours S VShe will have been learning grammar for an hour. S V
  47. 47. end of slide showMALT ©2007 Smart– Interactive Lessons – Language, Grammar

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