Decision making


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This presentation is based on Decision Making, steps of decision making process with example.

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Decision making

  1. 1. What Is Decision Making The Process Of Examining Your Possibilities Options Comparing Them And Choosing A Course Of Action
  2. 2. Planning activities  Researching alternatives  Recruiting people  Directing action  Evaluating experiences  Advocating for change  Mentoring one another 
  4. 4. Be clear about what you want and develop a job description  Define a recruitment process   Recruit candidates  Select candidates  Notify those accepted and rejected  Document and evaluate your process
  5. 5. Define opportunity or Problem  Identify the possible Alternative /choice  Select a preferred course of action  Implement the action  Evaluate the result 
  6. 6.  During brainstorming sessions there should therefore be no criticism of ideas: You are trying to open up possibilities and break down wrong assumptions about the limits of the problem. Judgments and analysis at this stage will stunt idea generation.
  7. 7. A problem becomes a problem when a person become aware of it  There is pressure to solve the problem  A person have the authority information, or recourse needed to solve the problem 
  8. 8. Define The Problem Gather Facts And Develop Alternative Evaluate Alternative Select The Best Alternative Implement The Chosen Alternative Follow Up And Evaluate The Chosen Alternative
  9. 9. Understand The Problem Evaluate Alternative Relative To Criteria Fuse Result To Find Decision Measures Decide What –To- Do Next Move To Next
  10. 10.  Some problems and decisions are very challenging, and require a lot of thought, emotion, and research
  11. 11. Be focused and flexible about what you want  Be aware and wary of what you know  Be realistic and optimistic about what you believe  Be practical and magical about what you do 
  12. 12. - Construct - Compile - Collect - Compare - Consider - Commit
  13. 13. In the past, organizational decision-making was a formal process, voting when the chairperson called for a vote.  Involving new or young generation in decision-making process can be more dynamic, involving internet surveys and discussion groups.  Decisions-making can be big and small – they happen everyday, everywhere. 
  14. 14. 1. 2. 3. 4. Consensus – everyone must agree Top-down – A “chain of command”, delegates to make decisions, take action Majority Rule – greatest number of people makes the choice for the group No Structure – decisions are made with no specific process, people make individual decisions
  15. 15. “All successful community change programs work because of people’s relationships with each other.”
  16. 16. Define the problem  Specify your goals  Develop solutions  Select a solution  Implement your solution 
  17. 17. Train Track & Children
  18. 18. This is not a slide Jus a intro of a train track n children It is a speech we hv to give The story given here is Quite interesting and really gives us a insight into decision making
  19. 19. A group of children were playing near two railway tracks, one still in use other in disused. Only one child played on disused track, the rest on the operational track
  20. 20. The train came, and you were just beside the track interchange. It was not possible to stop the train, but you could make the train change it course to the disused track and saved most of the children
  21. 21. However, that would also mean the lone child playing with the disused would be sacrificed . Or would you rather let train go its way ? Lets take a pause to think what kind of decision we could make……..
  22. 22. Most of the people might choose to divert the course of the train, and sacrifice only one child. To save most of the children at the cost of only one child was rational decision most of the people would make, morally and emotionally.
  23. 23. But have you ever thought the child choosing to play on the disused track, had in fact made the right decision to play at a safe place..? Nevertheless , he had to be sacrificed because of his ignorant friend who choose to play where the danger was..
  24. 24. The kind of dilemma happens around us everyday, in office, in society, in politics. The minority is often sacrificed of the majority , no matter how foolish or ignorant majority are. And how farsighted and knowledgeable the minority are..
  25. 25. The child who choose to play with rest of the operational track was sidelined . And in the case he was sacrificed, no one would shed a tear for him.
  26. 26. To make a proper decision is not to change the course of the train because the children playing on the operational track should have known very well that track was still in use and that they should have run away if they heard the train’s sirens
  27. 27. If the train was diverted, the lone child would definitely die because the train could come over to that track ! Moreover the track was not in use probably because it was not safe
  28. 28. If the train was diverted to the track, we could put the lives of all the passengers on board to stake. And in your attempt to save few children by sacrificing one child, you might end up sacrificing hundred of people to save these few children
  29. 29. While we all are aware that life is full of tough decision that need to be made, we may not realize that hasty decision may always not be the right one. “ Remember that what’s right isn’t always popular …and what’s popular isn’t always right.”
  30. 30. Everybody makes mistake; that’s why they put erasers on pencils