Military Courtesy and Discipline

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Military Courtesy and Discipline

  1. 1. Military Courtesy and Discipline
  2. 2. Objectives •To provide the cadets with the basic knowledge on Military Courtesy and Discipline. Military Courtesy & Discipline 2
  3. 3. Military Courtesy & Discipline 3 • Military Discipline – Definition of Military Discipline – Importance of Discipline – Creating a Climate for Discipline – How Discipline is Measured – Other forms / application of discipline • Military Courtesy – Definition of Military Courtesy – The Salute – General Rules in Rendering Salute – Form of Address – Other forms of courtesy
  4. 4. Military Courtesy & Discipline 4
  5. 5. Military Courtesy & Discipline 5 Definition of Military Discipline • state of order and obedience existing within a Command • subordination of individual will for the good of the group • demands habitual but reasoned obedience to Command • created by training, use of punishment and rewards • demands correct performance of duty
  6. 6. Military Courtesy & Discipline 6 Importance of Military Discipline Insures orderly & effective group action = teamwork. Instill a sense of obligation to oneself, to his commander, unit, and entire organization. Insure unit efficiency in battle
  7. 7. Military Courtesy & Discipline 7 Creating a Climate for Discipline • Training • Judicious use of punishment and rewards • Instilling sense of confidence and responsibility
  8. 8. Military Courtesy & Discipline 8 • Training – Develops Teamwork in accomplishing tasks. – Unify actions into single effort to accomplish the mission – Develops habit of prompt obedience to orders – Enables one to learn what is required in the battlefield
  9. 9. Military Courtesy & Discipline 9 • Judicious use of punishment and rewards – Awards – “positive incentives” • only to those who deserve – Punishment: to reform or eliminate those unfit in the organization • Punish only the guilty person/party. • Impose promptly • Make the guilty party/person realize his mistake. (“sandwich method”) • Impose punishment appropriate for the offense. • Should be done in private.
  10. 10. Military Courtesy & Discipline 10 • Instilling sense of confidence and responsibility – Makes one realize his obligations • not only to himself but to his entire organization.
  11. 11. Military Courtesy & Discipline 11 How Discipline is Measured • result of the job • subordinate’s attitude • performance of jobs even in the absence of the Commander
  12. 12. Military Courtesy & Discipline 12 Other Forms/Applications of Discipline Fire discipline start, control and stopping of fires during combat actions Water discipline proper and wise use of water March discipline march orders, alertness and security maintenance during marches Combat discipline continue fighting against overwhelming odds.
  13. 13. Military Courtesy & Discipline 13 “A soldier, an army, which loses its sense of discipline ceases to be an army.” ---- Juan Carlos I, Spanish Monarch
  14. 14. Military Courtesy & Discipline 14 Military Courtesy
  15. 15. Military Courtesy & Discipline 15 Military Courtesy  Acts of politeness, civility and respect  Serves to smoothen personal relationship  Done in military organization as a mutual respect for one another
  16. 16. Military Courtesy & Discipline 16 The Salute • most important form of military courtesy • the way it is executed indicates the state of morale and discipline
  17. 17. Military Courtesy & Discipline 17 General Rules for Saluting • required on and off military installations and on and off office hours • rendered at a distance of about 6 paces or the recognition distance of 30 paces – the hand is held in position until the officer saluted has passed or after the salute is returned • salute must be returned by the person entitled to it – if he is in formation with other officers, only the most senior or the marcher returns it
  18. 18. General Rules for Saluting • salute is not rendered when you are running • never salute while smoking • salute should not be executed in a haphazard manner • salutes are exchange whether individuals are in covered or uncovered area Military Courtesy & Discipline 18
  19. 19. Military Courtesy & Discipline 19 General Rules for Saluting • the salute is rendered but once if the senior remains in the vicinity and no conversation takes place – if conversation takes place salute is rendered after the conversation • the person reporting should salute first • army personnel never salute with the left hand • the salute is always executed while looking at the person being saluted – it is best to accompany such courteous gesture with some appropriate greeting
  20. 20. Military Courtesy & Discipline 20 Who and What Entitled to Salute  commissioned officers of the AFP  commissioned officers of allied nations  high civilian officials or foreign dignitaries during military honors  colors and standards not cased
  21. 21. 1. When reporting to an officer. 2. Meeting an officer. 3. When the national color passes by. 4. When the national anthem is being played. (outdoor only) 5. Raising and lowering of flag. 6. After conversing with an officer. When to salute?
  22. 22. 1. When the troops are at work. 2. Indoors, except when reporting to an officer. 3. When carrying articles with both hands, or being so occupied to make saluting impracticable. 4. When attending to a vehicle. 5. When meeting a prisoner. 6. When in ranks. When not to salute?
  23. 23. Military Courtesy & Discipline 23 Forms of Address • Addressing Seniors • Addressing Juniors
  24. 24. Military Courtesy & Discipline 24 • Addressing Seniors – juniors address their seniors as “sir” or “ma’am”
  25. 25. Military Courtesy & Discipline 25 • Addressing Juniors – by their names: • you may call juniors and contemporaries by first name • avoid calling your subordinates by their last names only – by their proper titles: • A Sergeant Major is addressed as “Sergeant Major” • A First Sergeant is addressed as “First Sergeant” • Sergeants are addressed as “Sergeants” • Corporals are addressed as “Corporals” • Private First Class and Privates are addressed as “Privates”
  26. 26. Military Courtesy & Discipline 26 Other Forms of Courtesy • avoid undue familiarity with your seniors • never invite an EP to an officer’s club • walk on the left of the senior - keep in step with him • give your seniors priority in entering any conveyance • to pass a senior while walking, salute and ask permission to go ahead • “I desire” or “I wish” statements of your commander should be carried out with all authority and power of an order.
  27. 27. Military Courtesy & Discipline 27 -----Washington, George (1732-1799), commander in chief of the Continental army during the American War of Independence, and later the first President of the United States. “A soldier, an army, which loses its sense of discipline, ceases to be an army.” ---- Juan Carlos I, Spanish Monarch

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