The ecology of two theories: activity theory and distributed cognition in practices

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research paper for class HCDE501

research paper for class HCDE501

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  • a deeper practical understanding of the similarities, differences, and relationships among our various theoretical frameworks

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  • 1. The ecology of two theories:Activity Theory and Distributed Cognition in practicesHCDE 501 | Ruping Kuo2012/3/9 The conceptual map of CSCW research (Kraut, 2003)
  • 2. Motivation• The variety of HCI theory is both a blessing and a curse Baumer & Tomlinson, 2012• The practical issue of choosing and applying a theory• A comparison of theories also contextual oriented• Any given theory will draw attention to some issues while downplaying others,• Rather, the purpose here…
  • 3. • A empirical study presents and discusses findings from a review of publications related to two postcogintivist theories: activity theory and distributed cognition.• Adopt Kraut’s conceptual map as a research framework to analysis and categorize my finding.• Discover patterns from all publications and possibly illustrate the ecology of these two theories in practice.
  • 4. Research framework ACM Digital Library Select publications Between 2007~ now journal articles “CSCW” + “Activity theory” or conference proceedings “CSCW” + “distributed cognition” book section Review and Screening A total of 25 articles publications sustained after this step Analysis and Coding identify each paper’s Based on Kraut’s model approach, focus, and group size based application field Selective Coding creation or output data collect method Etc.
  • 5. Anticipated finding• A overview (with Kraut’s conceptual map) the similarities, differences, and relationships• Study or analysis what subjects• What are the outputs? e.g. a list of requirements, a conceptual framework, an analysis framework, a model, a set of guidelines, a prototype, a system.• What type of research or data collect methods?• Qualitative or quantitative approach?• Reasons behind the theory are chosen and in used
  • 6. Finding
  • 7. Distributed Activity Cognition Theory study 46.2% 47.1%Approach build 52.9% 52.9% Infrastructure 0.0% 2.9% Architecture 0.0% 14.7% Engineering/ application 7.4% 14.7% Focus Social / application 18.5% 23.5% Task 37.0% 23.5% people 37.0% 20.6% Individual 41.2% 28.0% dyad 0.0% 8.0%Group size Small group/team 47.1% 16.0% organization 11.8% 40.0% society 0.0% 8.0%