• A guide for living• Address basic issue to determine direction course• The manner of treating others• Love for knowledge• Form Greek – Philosophia Philo Sophia Love Knowledge
Etymology • Language that been used • Philosophy from differentTerminology philosopher • Thinking systematically (logic)Practicality • Rationally (in detail of problem) • Universally (solution in all aspect)
• different meaning from different philosophers• Originated from Latin• E-ducere – to lead out• process to develop an individual’s abilities and behavior• social process n a formal way of learning• conducted in a selected and controlled institutionalized environment
• Western education - live honest, pure and respectful.• Eastern educationist – nurtures good behavior in man : good manners, consideration, respect for our elders,• Confucius - love of those younger than us, loyalty to and love for King and country• Islamic – encompasses the intellect and physical domains and character formation
• specially created for teachers• in teacher education program• assists teachers to understand the theoretical foundations• related to education, teaching and learning process
• National Philosophy of Education + Philosophy of teacher education – produce individuals who are intellectually, spiritually, emotionally, physically balanced and harmonic.
Philosophy of Education Teaching field EducationPhilosophy KnowledgePerception gained
2. Compare and contrast the main aims and functionsbetween Socrates, Plato and Aristotle against Freire and Peters?
SocratesTheory of Value :knowledge, important & trivial Theory of Knowledge: ordinary and higher knowledge Theory of Learning: truth in matters – questioning & interpreting
Plato• Stages of Education = 5 stages1. 0 – 6 = learn moral education from mother2. 6 – 7 = boys & girls are separated3.17 – 24 = learn music & early education4. 25 – 35 = training of Mathematical calculation5. 50 – 60 = ruler & philosopher
• Moral of Ethics – logical and metaphysical – successful moral theory – Concentrate successful moral theory – More to youth and guardian – More to responsibility
• Curriculum – Elementary school (until age of 18) • mathematics and music – Military school • Physical education and future guardians of state – Higher education • Literature and philosophy – Women education • Educational training
Aristotle• Education – Early childhood, parents responsibility• Curriculum – Gymnastic and mathematics• Method of teaching – Inductive (facts from general statement) and deductive (decision from thinking of known facts)
Freire• 5 aspects of theory of education 1. dialogue 2. praxis (action that informed) 3. significance 4. experience 5. metaphors
Richard Peters• More to : • Motivational • Emotions • Personality • Social behavior • Development of philosophy • Concept of education in analytic philosophy • Cognitive (thinking ability)
Comparison among Socrates, Plato and Aristotle
Best – known Greek Philosophy Plato – Socrates – Aristotle hypotheses about the nature of knowledge influence the next generation of thinking men backbone of higher education for hundreds of years Social behavior and morality
• More to cognitive (thinking abilities in education)• Personality and emotional – believe that main tenets to an education is not in how much knowledge you possess, but how you are able to use your knowledge to check reality and critically think about ways to improve society
Differences between Socrates, Plato, Aristotleand Ferrie, Peters?
• More to moral and ethics• Adults play a big role• Education is important• Logical • More to cognitive area• owning good values • Informal education• Can be a philosopher • The use of knowledge after the age of 50 in reality• More to formal • Seek for experiences education