The Role of the TeacherinDeveloping Second LanguageVocabulary and Language SkillsBy :Fatin Najiha bt ZainuddinSiva Rubini d/o S SivaguruNur Aliyazaton bt Ton ZalaniMuhammad Mustaqim bin Muzamil
What is Second LanguageAcquisition?
learning a second languageafter a first language isalready established
THEORYSTEPHEN KRASHEN – LANGUAGETEACHING
EXPLANATION APPLICATION IN THECLASS1. THE ACQUISITIONLEARNINGHYPOTHESIS acquisition vs. Learning natural communication create situation where theforeign language will be used2. THE MONITORHYPOTHESIS acquisition works betterthan learning balance between accuracyand fluency
3. THE NATURALORDER HYPOTHESIScertain grammatical structureare acquired before others language structure shouldbe thought in an order4. THE INPUTHYPOTHESIS receive messages - canunderstand,comprehensible input use target language goal of any languageprogram5. THE AFFECTIVEFILTER HYPOTHESIS emotional states & attitudesmotivational & selfconfidence create positive classroomenvironment
STAGES TIME FRAME CHARACTERISTICPREPRODUCTION 0 – 6 Months• ‘the silent period’• drawingEARLY PRODUCTION 6 – 1 Year• begin to speak• use short words & sentences• many errors• emphasize on listeningSPEECH EMERGENT 1 – 3 Years• speech more frequent• words & sentences are longer• vocabulary increase• errors decreaseINTERMEDIATEFLUENCY3 – 5 Years• able to speak almost fluently• gaps between vocabulary knowledge & someunknown expressions• few errorsADVANCED FLUENCY 5 – 7 Years• near native level of speech• may have accent• comfortable communicating in the secondlanguage
Teacher’s role in development ofsecond language• Is crucial for a teacher or educator• Comprehensible input• Systematic teaching session- using simple teaching aids- put varieties- strategic activities
Vocabulary – make up languageKey of communicationAllows to develop other skillsThe more words you know, the moreyou’ll learn
OBJECT-BASED ACTIVITY• Show real objects.E.g: bottle• Draw it.• Point it.• Spell it.
Language skills – listening, speaking,reading & writing essential for children’s learningand access to the curriculum understand and make the mosteffective use of study materials develop the specialisedlanguage and vocabularyrelevant to subject
SING A SONG teacher prepares the materials for the learnersbefore they listen to anything. Show them the pictures of the characters in thesong.
Lyrics and charactersThe cat walking down the street ...
BENEFITS• The pupils will listen clearly to the song andat the same time they will learn new wordsin English.• They will able to overcome theirnervousness to speak in English.
Sight Words• Flash the words in front of the pupils while saying the word aloud.• Give pupils opportunities to constantly see the words by labeling objectse.g. tables, chairs, blackboard etc.Journal• Discuss topics that can written about, such as making a new friend, aninteresting school or the first day of school. Ask the students to give otherideas too.• Collect the journal at the end of every week.
REPETITION &RHYME- Pick a story with repeatedphrases or a poem.-Most students who enjoyreading will eventuallymemorize all or parts ofa book and imitatetheir teachers’ reading.