1. Education System in Sabah• The Christian missionaries played a vital role in the development of education system• Before the North Borneo Smelting Company took control, ethnic groups did not receive any formal education• E.g.: Malays were only given religious education whereas other indigenous groups were given traditions education of their descendant.
2. • Missionaries from the Roman Catholic denomination began to set up schools in towns like Papar (1881) and Sandakan, namely:• St. Mary’s primary School (1883)• St. Michael’s Boys School (1888) and• Convent School for girls (1891)• English language was the medium of instruction in most of the schools in Sabah, followed by Mandarian and the Dusun language
3. • Development of schools in Sabahi. The 1st Government-aided school (primaryschool) was established in Kota Belud in 1920- Malay was used as the medium of instruction.ii. There were 79 private schools in 1939- Some of the private schools that situated inLadang Getah, Tawau used Japanese language asthe medium of instruction.
4. Education System in Sarawak• Ibans, Kelabit and Melanau receieved traditional education instead of formal education.• They were taught basic skills, such as farming, hunting, handicraft, etc.• Malay children were taught Islamic education in religious schools.
5. Development of schools in Sarawak• During the Brooke administration, the education system in Sarawak was managed by 3 groups, namely :• i. Christian missionaries• Ii. The Brooke Government• Iii. Chinese community
6. • In 1938, Roman Catholic missionaries set up schools in Kuching and Kanowit• The Anglican missionaries established schools in Sibu and Kuching in 1938• All these schools used the English language as the medium of instruction.• Brooke Government set up schools outside Kuching.- Medium of instruction: Malay language, English language and Mandarin.- In 1924, the Brooke Government set up an Education Department to administer the education system in Sarawak.