Language, society and culture (map)Presentation Transcript
Paulina Rubilar Palma Universidad Católica de la Ss. Concepción. Language, Society and Culture
Sociolinguistics Deals with the inter-relationships between language and society. Social Dialects also can be understood according to varieties of language used according to: social value : class, Overt prestige : recognized better ways education, of speaking . age and sex Covert prestige : attached to non- standard forms by certain sub.groups. Language , Society and Culture
Sociolinguistics Social Class and Education ( Social class And education infer in the way we speak) Show us how certain details Another social marker is (h)- dropping can make a social class clasification. which result in ‘ouse and ‘ello. It is associated with lower social class and less education. Ex. Labov’s study shows an investigation among salespeople in three stores in New York Where he concluded that the use of a consonant (r) can mark higher and lower social class.
Sociolinguistics Age and Gender variation according to age female speakers tend there are also some is most noticeable across to use more prestigiuos differences in the grandparent-grandchil forms than male speakers. Pronunciation. time span. Ex. Female = I don’t it Male = He ain’t. Women generally discuss In mixed-gender pairs having their personal feelings while conversation, the rate of men men prefer discuss about interrupting women is sports and news. substantially greater than the reverse.
Sociolinguistics Ethnic Background Idiolect ( features that are carried from the is used for the personal dialect of ech original language to a new language ) individual speaker of a language. many African – Americans, known as Black English Vernacular (BEV) any speech can not be considered has social dialect as “Bad Speech”. differences, marked.
Sociolinguistics Style, Register and Jargon Register : level of formality. Jargon : technical vocabulary associatedwith a special activity or group. Ex. Interview : excuse me. Is the manager in his office? Friend : Hey, is the that lazy dog still in bed?