History, Ideology and Everyday Life of Franciscans in the New World by Dr. Rubén G. Mendoza, PhD

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Title: "History, Ideology and Everyday Life of Franciscans in the New World. An illustrated presentation by Dr. Rubén G. Mendoza for the National Endowment for the Humanities Landmarks of American History and Culture Workshop for K-12 Teachers convened at Mission San Carlos Borromeo on July 11, 2013.

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History, Ideology and Everyday Life of Franciscans in the New World by Dr. Rubén G. Mendoza, PhD

  1. 1. History, Ideology and Everyday Life of Franciscans in the New World Presented by RUBÉN G. MENDOZA, PhD, RPA CSU Monterey Bay NEH Landmarks Fourteenth Colony Workshop, Carmel, CA – July 11, 2013
  2. 2. “Through the singing of a rapturous Canticle of the Sun…we peer deeper into the glowing sunset and there we perceive the Flaming Countenance of Infinite Goodness, Truth, and Beauty.” Sister M. Michaeline O.S.F. 2011
  3. 3. The Last Supper, Mission San Gabriel, California. Photo © Ruben G. Mendoza, 2013.
  4. 4. The Holy Virgin from Bishop’s bedboard, Crucifix of Corpus of Jesus, and Moral Doctrine, Mission San Gabriel, California. Photos © Ruben G. Mendoza, 2013.
  5. 5. Church door, baptismal font, and santos or saints, San Gabriel, California. Photos © Ruben G. Mendoza, 2013.
  6. 6. Bishop’s night stand, pozolera or mission kitchen, and majolica earthenware platters, San Gabriel, California. Photos © Ruben G. Mendoza, 2013.
  7. 7. The Ramona grapevine originally planted in 1774, base and canopy of vine, and wine press, San Gabriel, California. Photos © Ruben G. Mendoza, 2013.
  8. 8. El convento de la Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile, hoy es el Museo Colonial, y aún en sus murallas permanecen los 42 lienzos que narran la vida de San Francisco y que fueron realizados en Cuzco, Perú, y que datan de 1684. Marcela Tapia, Aurora de Chile The convent of the Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile, is today the Colonial Museum, and on its walls there remain 42 lienzos or paintings that narrate the life of San Francisco that were realized in Cuzco, Peru, and that date to 1684. Marcela Tapia, Aurora de Chile
  9. 9. Object Analysis •Drawing on the following images of the life of Saint Francis of Assisi as your point of departure, please write down at least one adjective, or descriptor, that first comes to mind for at least ten of those images reviewed. • In grammar, an adjective is a 'describing' word; the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified (cf. Wikipedia.com). •Write the adjectives or descriptors into the right-hand portion of your journal, and as time avails, please comment on your use of such descriptors and what they have to say about the lives and ideas of the Order of Friars Minor in the left-hand portion of your journal. •Please key the image to the adjective used by way of the number used to identify each image. We will revisit your use of adjectives during the Master Teacher breakout sessions.
  10. 10. 1 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  11. 11. 2 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  12. 12. 3 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  13. 13. 4 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  14. 14. 5 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  15. 15. 6 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  16. 16. 7 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  17. 17. 8 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  18. 18. 9 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  19. 19. 10 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  20. 20. 11 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  21. 21. 12 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  22. 22. 13 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  23. 23. 14 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  24. 24. 15 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  25. 25. 16 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  26. 26. 17
  27. 27. 18 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  28. 28. 19 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  29. 29. 20 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  30. 30. 21 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  31. 31. 22 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  32. 32. 23 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  33. 33. 24 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  34. 34. 25 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  35. 35. 26
  36. 36. 27
  37. 37. 28
  38. 38. 29 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  39. 39. 30 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  40. 40. 31 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  41. 41. 32 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  42. 42. 33 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  43. 43. 34 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  44. 44. 35 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  45. 45. 36 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  46. 46. 37
  47. 47. 38 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  48. 48. 39 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  49. 49. 40 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  50. 50. 41 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  51. 51. 42 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  52. 52. 43 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  53. 53. 44 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  54. 54. 45 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  55. 55. 46 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  56. 56. 47 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  57. 57. 48 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  58. 58. 49 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  59. 59. 50 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  60. 60. 51 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  61. 61. 52
  62. 62. 53 Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe.
  63. 63. Paintings of the life of Saint Francis in the Museo Colonial de San Francisco, Iglesia de San Francisco, Santiago, Chile. Photo courtesy of the Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe. 54
  64. 64. Object Analysis – Findings •Please consider those adjectives selected for at least 10 of those images reviewed in the foregoing images. •What do you believe your choice of adjectives has to say about what you perceived from the 17th century paintings of the Iglesia de San Francisco in Santiago, Chile? •Viewed as narratives, or as objects amenable to analysis, do you believe that this brief overview of Franciscan imagery can serve to frame an understanding of the Order of Friars Minor? •Finally, where possible, please group your selection of 10 adjectives into themes that take into account activities, behaviors, gender, customs, icons, belief, and personalities, etc. Do such groupings further serve to define your impressions of the paintings and their themes?
  65. 65. Acknowledgements Iglesia de San Francisco photos courtesy Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 2013. •Special thanks to Dr. Gary Keller, Hispanic Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona NEH Landmarks of American History and Culture: Workshop for Teachers, K-12 •The Fourteenth Colony: Native Californians, Missions, Presidios, and Colonists on the Spanish Frontier, 1769-1848 All other photos © Ruben G. Mendoza, 2013

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