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Visualizing The Paragraph
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Visualizing The Paragraph


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  • 1. Visualizing the Paragraph
  • 2. Structure
    Your argument (mini-thesis) is the top bun.
    Your evidence (quotes from the text) is the ketchup, mustard, and mayo. Remember, a little goes a long way.
    Your analysis is this… and this… and this… and this... If it looks like most of the paragraph is burger, that is because it is.
    The bottom bun relates the paragraph back to the thesis for the entire paper and transitions to the next paragraph.
  • 3. "My paragraph can be represented by a pyramid of balls; three on the bottom and one on top. The top ball represents the topic and the bottom balls represent the supporting sentences.”
    “The sentences come together to support the topic sentence, just as the bottom balls of the pyramid come together to support the top ball”
  • 4. “ If any one of the balls from the base is removed, the top ball will fall down. This is also like my paragraph because if any one of the supporting sentences is removed, my argument won't be valid.”
  • 5. "All thoughts are leading
    up to the main idea."
  • 6. "The cloud represents the single thought or idea. The dots falling from the cloud represent the details that support the idea being described."
  • 7. "The structure of a paragraph
    can be viewed as an artichoke.
    Each one different from the
    next with it’s own personality
    and attributes. Both a
    paragraph and an
    artichoke have uniform
    exteriors, but interiors as
    intricate as a labyrinth.
    Infinite layers, like
    sentences, each
    contributing to the
    core. Each part must
    be seen, read, and
    pulled apart to see and
    understand the heart 
    of the idea."
  • 8. The Unified Paragraph
    "A paragraph is unified when every sentence develops the point made in the topic sentence.
    It must have a single focus and it must contain no irrelevant facts.
    Every sentence must contribute to the paragraph by explaining, exemplifying, or expanding the topic sentence.
    In order to determine whether a paragraph is well developed or not, ask yourself:
    'What main point am I trying to convey here?' (topic sentence) and then, 'Does every sentence clearly relate to this idea?'"