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Lewin’s approach proposes that learning takes place through a three-phase process of:
Unfreezing old beliefs
The restructuring of those beliefs
The refreezing / acceptance of new beliefs
Old beliefs that interfere with new learning are best unfrozen through conscious intentions and the anticipation of potential benefits
New learning is best refrozen through repeated opportunities to practice the new beliefs and habits
(Kurt Lewin, Field Theory in Social Science, 1951)
Example 1: Smoking Employees should not be allowed to smoke at their work stations Employees have the right to a healthful work environment Employees should be allowed to smoke at their work stations Refreeze Restructure Unfreeze
Example 2: Women & Work Women should have the opportunity to compete for any job, including those in the military When given the opportunity to do so, it has been shown that women can perform any job Women are incapable of performing combat duties in the military Refreeze Restructure Unfreeze
What about the World of Work? My career will be made up of many types of work with different employers Work is changing, security is achieved by learning to adapt to change I am entitled to a job for life with one employer Refreeze? Restructure? Unfreeze?
What are the changes that have occurred in the mental models of the world of work?
List all of the old models (unfrozen) and beside these list what you think are the new models (refrozen)
Share your thoughts with a partner
What about the World of Work? Refreeze? Restructure? Unfreeze?
What about the World of Work? Teaching career self-management skills (e.g. community building, problem identification, opportunity seeking, branding, etc.) is what people need to create work It is essential that people learn a broader range of skills to manage their careers across the lifespan Teaching resume writing, job searching and interviewing skills is what people need to find work Refreeze? Restructure? Unfreeze?
The Top Tips activity is designed to help us share practical tips, ideas and strategies related to a common task.
Today’s task is: How to help individuals learn to use effective career self-management behaviours (e.g. how to help a person learn to build community, problem identification, opportunity seeking, personal branding, leverage Web 2.0 technology, etc.).