“Human Immunodeficiency virus” An specific type of virus(RNA retrovirus) Main causative virus of AIDS
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Disease limits the body’s ability to fightinfection A person with AIDS has a very weakimmune system.
1926Some scientists believe HIV spreaded from monkeys to humansbetween 1926 - 1946.1959A man died in Congo, in what researchers now say was the firstproven AIDS death.
1987The FDA approves the first antiretroviralmedication,zidovudine (AZT), as an AIDS treatment.1978Gay men in the U.S. and Sweden – and heterosexuals inTanzania and Haiti --begin showing signs of what will laterbe called AIDS
Overview of HIV and AIDS inIndiaIn india , estimated that around 2.4 million people are currentlyliving with HIV
Sikkim Mail ReportIn the year 2010-11 there were total of 213 patientsacross stateThe mode of transmission of HIV in Sikkim is mostly due to–1)Unprotected sex2) Ingestion of Drugs
Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to sixweeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people
Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to verylow levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood
The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates Emergence of opportunistic infectionsand cancers
The immunesystem weakens The illnessesbecome moresevere leading toan AIDSdiagnosis
ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay ) Rapid or point-of-care tests Interpreting antibody tests Western blot
AIDS IS SPREAD IN THE FOLLOWINGWAYS:HIV is foundinblood,semen,vaginal fluidsand linings ofgenital areas2 Mother to ChildBreastfeedingPregnancyChildbirth3 Unprotected sex(Sex without acondom) oral ,analor vaginal sex1 Infected blood(Needles, cut/sore,razor blades,Toothbrushes, bloodtransfusion)
AIDS IS NOT SPREAD BYMosquito Bites LaughingFoodHugging andTouchingSharing Toilets,bathsSwimming PoolsSneezing andCoughingKissing
Prevention is better than cureLook before you leap
1) AZT (Zidovudine)2) Viramune (Nevirapine)3)Norvir (Ritonavir)
Issued in an event where antiretroviraldrugs are not available
1)Use condoms (female or male) every timeyou have sex (vaginal or anal)2)Latex condom (not a natural skin condom)3)Always use a latex barrier during oral sex
Make sure the package is not expired Make sure to check the package fordamages Do not open the package with your teeth forrisk of tearing Never use the condom more than once Use water-based rather than oil-basedcondoms
If a needle/syringe or cooker is shared,it must be disinfected:• Fill the syringe with undiluted bleach and waitat least 30 seconds.• thoroughly rinse with water• Do this between each person’s use
They are still not accepted by the society. They are kept isolated from the society. They are compelled to leave the placethey belong after the society comes toknow that he/she is a victim of HIV/AIDS.