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partially fulfillment of AIDS and HIV awareness.. it is made by Rajesh Sanyasi for aids awareness program in Himalayan pharmacy institute sikkim

partially fulfillment of AIDS and HIV awareness.. it is made by Rajesh Sanyasi for aids awareness program in Himalayan pharmacy institute sikkim

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  • 1.  “Human Immunodeficiency virus” An specific type of virus(RNA retrovirus) Main causative virus of AIDS
  • 2.  Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Disease limits the body’s ability to fightinfection A person with AIDS has a very weakimmune system.
  • 3. 1926Some scientists believe HIV spreaded from monkeys to humansbetween 1926 - 1946.1959A man died in Congo, in what researchers  now say was the firstproven AIDS death.
  • 4. 1987The FDA approves the first antiretroviralmedication,zidovudine (AZT), as an AIDS treatment.1978Gay men in the U.S. and Sweden – and heterosexuals inTanzania  and Haiti --begin showing signs of what will laterbe called AIDS
  • 5. Overview of HIV and AIDS inIndiaIn india , estimated that around 2.4 million people are currentlyliving with HIV
  • 6. Sikkim Mail ReportIn the year 2010-11 there were  total of 213 patientsacross stateThe mode of transmission of HIV in Sikkim is mostly due to–1)Unprotected sex2) Ingestion of Drugs
  • 7.  Short, flu-like illness - occurs one to sixweeks after infection no symptoms at all Infected person can infect other people
  • 8.  Lasts for an average of ten years This stage is free from symptoms There may be swollen glands The level of HIV in the blood drops to verylow levels HIV antibodies are detectable in the blood
  • 9.  The symptoms are mild The immune system deteriorates Emergence of opportunistic infectionsand cancers
  • 10.  The immunesystem weakens The illnessesbecome moresevere leading toan AIDSdiagnosis
  • 11.  Bacterial• Tuberculosis (TB)• Strep pneumonia Viral• Kaposi Sarcoma• Herpes• Influenza (flu)
  • 12.  ELISA (Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay ) Rapid or point-of-care tests Interpreting antibody tests Western blot
  • 13. AIDS IS SPREAD IN THE FOLLOWINGWAYS:HIV is foundinblood,semen,vaginal fluidsand linings ofgenital areas2 Mother to ChildBreastfeedingPregnancyChildbirth3 Unprotected sex(Sex without acondom) oral ,analor vaginal sex1 Infected blood(Needles, cut/sore,razor blades,Toothbrushes, bloodtransfusion)
  • 14. AIDS IS NOT SPREAD BYMosquito Bites LaughingFoodHugging andTouchingSharing Toilets,bathsSwimming PoolsSneezing andCoughingKissing
  • 15. Prevention is better than cureLook before you leap
  • 16. 1) AZT (Zidovudine)2) Viramune (Nevirapine)3)Norvir (Ritonavir)
  • 17.  Issued in an event where antiretroviraldrugs are not available
  • 18.  Abstinence Monogamous Relationship Protected Sex Sterile needles
  • 19. 1)Use condoms (female or male) every timeyou have sex (vaginal or anal)2)Latex condom (not a natural skin condom)3)Always use a latex barrier during oral sex
  • 20.  Make sure the package is not expired Make sure to check the package fordamages Do not open the package with your teeth forrisk of tearing Never use the condom more than once Use water-based rather than oil-basedcondoms
  • 21.  If a needle/syringe or cooker is shared,it must be disinfected:• Fill the syringe with undiluted bleach and waitat least 30 seconds.• thoroughly rinse with water• Do this between each person’s use
  • 22.  Non-profitOrganization,which providessterile needles inexchange forcontaminated ones
  • 23.  They are still not accepted by the society. They are kept isolated from the society. They are compelled to leave the placethey belong after the society comes toknow that he/she is a victim of HIV/AIDS.
  • 24.  Rajesh Sanyasi