PERCEPTION OF NEWLY ADMITTED NURSING STUDENTS IN 2005 BATCH AT BPKIHS ABOUT NURSING PROFESSION Mehta R.S. Medical-Surgical Nursing Department B.P Koirala Institute of Health Science Email: email@example.comIntroduction:Nursing education and its quality, which is evident from the academic achievement of nursingstudents, foretells the efficiency of services to be provided by these students. The objective ofthis study was to find out the demographic characteristics and explore the various motivatingfactors to select nursing profession, among newly admitted nursing students of 2005 batch atBPKIHS.Methodology: It was descriptive exploratory study, conducted among the admitted nursing students in B.Sc.Nursing and Certificate Nursing (CN) programme in 2005 batch at BPKIHS.A total enumerativesampling technique was adopted to carry out the study. All the 20 students of B.Sc. Nursing and41 students of certificate nursing were included in the study. After two weeks of orientationprogramme, using opinionaire the data was collected in their respective classroom maintainingconfidentiality and explaining the purpose, by the investigator himself, as he is the nursingteacher.Results & Discussion:Total 61subjects (20 from B. Sc. Nursing and 41 form CN) were included in the study. It wasfound that the majority of the subjects were below 19 yrs. Ninety percent students of B. Sc.Nursing completed their schooling from English medium schools, where as 56.1% of CN. 100%B. Sc. nursing students completed their SLC and I. Sc. with first division where as 65.9% CNstudents completed SLC with first division. Majority of the students were self-motivated to studynursing. Easy access to job is the main reason for choosing nursing profession. Adequateinfrastructure/facilities, competent teachers, healthy environment, safe place, reputedorganization are the major factors that influences students to choose BPKIHS for study.Conclusion:Satisfaction level with getting seats in nursing course and nursing profession is higher among theCN students in comparison to B. Sc. Nursing students. Similar study can be conducted in largescale taking sample from many nursing schools. It is mandatory for nursing leaders to think onraising the professional standard so that society will give due respect to the nursing profession aswell as nurses.Introduction:
Nursing is the oldest of art and youngest of profession. While a nursing student comes out ofnursing institutions after a nightingale’s oath, it is her duty to look after any patient irrespectiveof caste, creed, sex or even remuneration. In history we come across nurses who spent theirentire life for the prosperity of the patients and also the total heath of the community. One Nobelexample is the story of Florence nightingale who spent her entire life for nursing the sick.In this fast moving society a change in both health care and higher education is needed. A look atnursing education is evident from the academic achievement of students. Nurses need additionalpreparation to work in educational settings, as they need to teach function as clinical practitionerto fulfill the expanded and emerging role of nurse. Nursing education and its quality, which isevident from the academic achievement of nursing students, foretells the efficiency of services tobe provided by these students.Objectives:To find out the demographic characteristics and explore the various motivating factors to selectnursing profession among newly admitted nursing students of 2005 batch at BPKIHS.Materials and methods: It was descriptive exploratory study, conducted among the admitted nursing students in B.Sc.Nursing and Certificate Nursing programme in 2005 batch at BPKIHS.A total enumerativesampling technique was adopted to carry out the study. All the 20 students of B.Sc. Nursing and41 students of certificate nursing were included in the study. An opinionaire was prepared by theinvestigator to collect the data. After explaining the purpose of study, the verbal consent wasobtained from the students. The students were assured that the information obtained will behighly confidential and anonymity will be maintained. The study was conducted in theirrespected classes after the 2 weeks of orientation programme at BPKIHS by the investigator,who is the deputy programme coordinator of first year certificate nursing and the nursing subjectteacher of basic nursing concepts of B.Sc. nursing first year. The tool was distributed among thestudents and the facts were collected. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS-4 Packageand presented in the forms of tables and graphs.Results: Total 61subjects (20 from B. Sc. Nursing and 41 form CN) were participated in the study. It wasfound that the majority of the subjects were below 19 yrs. Ninety percent students of B. Sc.Nursing completed their schooling from English medical schools, where as 56.1% of CN. 100%B. Sc. nursing students completed their SLC and I. Sc. with first division where as 65.9% CNstudents completed SLC with first division. Majority of the students were self-motivated to studynursing. Easy access to job is the main reason for choosing nursing profession. Adequateinfrastructure/facilities, competent teachers, healthy environment, safe place, reputedorganization are the major factors that influences students to choose BPKIHS for study.Satisfaction level with getting seats in nursing course and nursing profession is higher among theCN students than B. Sc. Nursing students.The details of the results are depicted in table (1-VIII) and figure (I-IV) as follows:
Table – I Socio-demographic Profile of the subjects B. Sc. C.N. Mean (CN nursing program & B.Sc.) S.N. Item/Particular program N=41 N=61 N=20 (%) (%) (%)1. Age group: 14-16 0 43.9 29.5 17-19 80 53.7 62.3 20-22 20 2.4 8.2 Mean 19 17 17.65 SD 0.917 1.3416 1.5372 Range 18-21 14-20 14-212. Schooling a. General school 10 43.9 32.8 b. English medium school 90 46.1 67.23. SLC: division: 1st division 100 65.9 77 2nd division 0 34.1 234. I. Sc. division 1st division 100 - - 2nd division 0 - -5. Main source of family income 1. Service/Job 65 46.3 52.5 2. Business 25 12.2 16.4 3.Agriculture 10 34.1 26.2 4.Others: pension 0 7.4 4.96. Success in entrance 1st attempt 95 80.5 85.2 2nd attempt 5 17.1 13.1 > 2 attempt 0 2.5 1.67. Aim to be in life: a. Doctor 60 22 34.4 b. Nurse 30 73.2 59.0 c. Teacher 10 0 0 d. Others: 0 4.9 6.68. Motivation to study nursing by: a. Self 50 60.7 63.9 b. Father 20 12.2 18.4 c. Mother 10 9.8 9.8 d. Relatives 15 7.3 9.8 e. Friends 5 0 0
Table – II Reasons for choosing nursing profession (MR) (In Percentage) B. Sc. nursing Mean (CN & C.N. programS.N. Reasons program B.Sc.) N=41 N=20 N=611. For easy access to Job 95 94.1 94.52. My Parents wanted to 40 70.7 60.7 join Nursing3. I was intrested to 55 85.4 75.4 become nurse4. Because of glamour of 30 63.4 52.5 the Profession5. Due to financial 60 43.9 49.2 Problem6. Thinking I could Join 15 36.6 29.5 nursing later7. Due to peer pressure 0 4.9 3.38. So that I donot have to 0 2.4 1.6 study hard9. Others: 30 14.6 19.7 Table – III Future plan after completion of course (In Percentage) B. Sc. nursing Mean (CN & C.N. programS.N. Future plan program B.Sc.) N=41 N=20 N=61a. Take up a nursing job 60 82.9 75.4 but continue studyb. Go aboard and practice 30 4.9 13.1 nursingc. Work at this institute 5 7.3 6.6e. Not yet decided 5 4.9 4.9
Table: IV Opinion for choosing discipline/Profession in priority from supplied list: Profession/DisciplinePriority Nursing Medicine Airhostess Teaching Physiotherapy B.Sc. CN B.Sc. CN B.Sc. CN B.Sc. CN B.Sc. CN First 20 48.8 75 29.3 - 7.3 5 2.4 - 7.3Second 55 26.8 25 39 - 7.3 15 - 5 4.9 Third 15 2.4 - 4.9 10 17.1 25 22 30 26.8Fourth 5 14.6 - 12.2 5 19.5 40 17.1 5 4.9Fifth & 5 2.4 - 14.6 15 26.7 15 39 35 19.6 >5th Table – V Reasons for choosing BPKIHS for study (MR): B. Sc. nursing Mean (CN & C.N. programS.N. Reasons program B.Sc.) N=41 N=20 N=611. Good facilities and 90 97.6 95.1 Infrastructure2. Competent teachers 65 100 88.53. Good teaching learning 85 100 95.1 environment4. Good residence/hostel 85 100 95.15. Good 80 92.7 88.5 environment/Climate6. Safe place 75 97.6 90.27. Reputed organization 100 92.7 95.18. Registered organization 100 97.6 98.49. Near to my home 50 12.2 24.610. As I have got seat 70 61.0 63.911. Others 0 2.4 1.6
Table: VI Most liked About Nursing Profession B.Sc. Nursing C.N. Nursing SN N=20 N=41 Liked Items No. % No. %1 Service to sick & Needy/Social service 13 65 21 342 Easy Job/Job security 12 60 11 183 High scope/Demand/opportunity 6 30 9 154 Prestigious Profession/Reputed life 3 15 1 25 Easy source of earning 3 15 1 26 Medical related field 2 10 0 07 Self discipline 0 0 9 158 Makes independent 0 0 3 59 Others: Practical etc 2 10 3 5 Table: VII Most disliked About Nursing Profession B.Sc. Nursing C.N. NursingS.N. N=20 N=41 Liked Items No. % No. % 1 Negative Image of Public 8 40 2 3 2 Dominated by doctor 3 15 0 0 3 Dominated by senior Nurses 3 15 0 0 4 Night duty 3 15 1 2 5 Distorted Personal life/Less time for self 4 20 4 7 6 Misunderstanding 0 0 1 2 7 Rude attitude of nurses 0 0 1 2 8 Hard work 0 0 1 2 9 Others: Discrimination etc 4 20 3 3 10 No Response 4 20 29 48 Figure No: - III Level of Satisfaction with getting seat in nursing Course Level of satisfaction with getting seat in nursing course 65.9 70 60 55.7 B.Sc.Nursing CN Mean/Av. 60 Percentage 50 39.3 40 35 29.3 30 20 10 5 2.4 3.3 2.4 1.6 0 0 Fully Satisfied Satisfied Just Satisfied Not Satisfied Satisfaction level
Discussion: In BPKIHS there is highly competition to get the seat in CN as well as B. Sc. nursingprogramme. B. Sc. Nursing programme is unique and first time started at BPKIHS in Nepal. In2005 bath 100% B. Sc. Nursing students completed SLC and I. Sc. in first division and 95%students succeed in first attempt, majority of the B. Sc. nursing students were from city (75%)and their aim was to be a doctor (60%). About 30% B. Sc. nursing students plan to go abroad topractice nursing. In CN programme of 2005 batch 56.1% students completed their schoolingfrom English medium and 65.9% received first division. About 80% CN students succeed in firstattempt and 41.5% were from city. Majority of the CN students (70.7%) were self motivated tostudy nursing and their aim was also to become nurse (73.2%) Easy access to job is the mainreason to join nursing for both CN and B. Sc. nursing students. Only 35% B. Sc. nursing studentswere fully satisfied with getting seat in nursing course and choosing nursing as profession, whereas 65.9% CN students were fully satisfied with nursing profession. These findings clearlyillustrate that the B. Sc. nursing students were highly ambitious and professional devotion is lessin comparison to CN students.Recommendations:Similar study can be conducted in large scale taking sample from various nursing schools, willgive comparative results. It is mandatory for nursing leaders to think on raising the professionalstandard so that society will give due respect to the nursing profession as well as nurses. Refrences: 1. Mukhopadhya K. Relationship between admission eligibility criteria and academic success of the graduates of master of nursing programme. NJI. 2003; 94 (4): 81–2. 2. Mousan EL, lutfi M, Absood G. Secondary School and College admission test scores as predictors of performance of medical students in pre-medical subjects. Soudi medical journal; 1991; 12:477 – 480. 3. Weiss M, lotan I, kedar H etal. Selecting candidates for a medical school: An evaluation of a selection model based on cognitive and personality preaictors, medial education, 1988; 22: 492 – 497. 4. Shazali, H., Ramachandran, K., Hassan, K, Tabbara, K.S. & Abouna, G.M. (1997) Prective value of general school certificate scores, Education for health, 10, pp.245 –246. 5. Shen, H. & Comrey, AL. Predicting medical students academic performances by their cognitive abilities and personality characteristics, Academic medicine. 1997. 72:781-786.