Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
6. referencing styles
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

6. referencing styles

429

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
429
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
36
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. 1 Referencing Style Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 2. “There is no way to get experience except through experience.” Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS 2
  • 3. Terminology:  Citation  Refrence  Bibliography  Dissertation  Thesis  Research Report Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS 3
  • 4. 4 Referencing Style  The Vancouver system – used in medical and scientific journal  The Harvard system  Chicago manual of style  American Psychological Association (APA)- Psychology, education and other social sciences  American Medical Association (AMA) – Medicine & biological sciences  Modern Language Association (MLA)- literature & arts Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 5. 5 Referencing Style contd.. Why do we need reference?  To give credit to the ideas/works of other authors.  To allow others (readers) to find the original sources easily (cited reference)  To make the work informative. (Quality)  To get recognition & authentication of the work.  To address the issue of plagiarism Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 6. 6 Referencing Style contd.. Plagiarism Examples:  the verbatim copying of others work without acknowledgement.  the close paraphrasing of others work by simply changing a few words of altering the order of presentation.  the unacknowledged quotation of phrases.  PROGRAMME: IThenticate and Turn it in Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 7. 7 Referencing Style contd.. Sources of Information 1. Book 2. Journal 3. Newspaper / magazine 4. Conference paper/proceedings 5. Annual report 6. Institutional / Government publication 7. Electronic sources- Website, CD-ROM, Databases 8. Theses/ Reports/ unpublished works Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 8. 8 Referencing Style contd.. Elements in the reference list 1. Author 2. Title of document 3. Date ( year of publication) 4. place of publication 5. Edition 6. Periodicity (volume/ issue/ part number) 7. Series Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 9. 9
  • 10. 10 Referencing Style contd.. Format of book in various system APA: Surname, initial. (year). Title. Edition. Place: Publisher. Vancouver: surname initials. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; year. Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 11. 11 Referencing Style contd.. Format of journal in various system APA: surname, initial. (year). Title of article. Title of journal in italics, volume number (issue/part), pages. Vancouver: surname initials. Title of article. Title of journal in abbreviated date/year;volume(issue):pages. Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 12. 12 The Vancouver system Reference List- Book Format: surname initial. Title. Edition. Place: Publisher; year. P. page number. (series title; volume number). Example: (one to six author) 1. Mehta RS, Mandal GN. Nursing concept: fundamental of nursing. Kathmandu: Makalu Books and Stationers; 2005. For chapter (in editorial works) 2. Yadav BK. In: Mehta RS, Mandal GN, editors. Nursing concept: fundamental of nursing. Kathmandu: Makalu Books and Stationers; 2005. p. 125 - 35. Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 13. 13 The Vancouver system contd.. B. Reference List- Book More than six author 3. Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Jameson JL, et al., editors. Harrison,s principles of internal medicine. 17th ed. New york: McGraw Hill, Medical; 2008. Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 14. 14 The Vancouver system contd.. Conferences Format: surname Initials. Title of paper. In: Editor's surname Initials, editor. Title of the Conference; Date of conference; Place of publication: Publisher's name; Year of Publication. p. page numbers. Example: Anderson JC. Current status of chorion villus biopsy. In: Tudenhope D, Chenoweth J, editors. Proceedings of the 4th Congress of the Australian Perinatal Society; 1986: Brisbane, Queensland: Australian Perinatal Society; 1987. p. 190-6. Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 15. 15 The Vancouver system contd.. Journal Format: surname Initials, surname Initials. Title of article. Title of Journal. [abbreviated] year/dateYear Month date;Volume Number(Issue number):page numbers. Example: 1. Pass RF, Zhang C, Evans A, Simpson T, Andrews W, Huang M, et al. Vaccine prevention of maternal cytomegalovirus infection. N Engl J Med 2009 Mar 19;360(12):1191-99. Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 16. 16 The Vancouver system contd.. Electronic Journal (online journal) Format: surname Initials. Title of article. Abbreviated Title of Journal [serial online]. Year of publication Month day [cited Year Month Day]; Volume Number(Issue number):[about number of pages or screens]. Available from: URL: Example: Aylin P, Bottle A, Jarman B, Elliott, P. Paediatric cardiac surgical mortality in England after Bristol: descriptive analysis of hospital episode statistics 1991-2002. BMJ [serial on the Internet]. 2004 Oct 9;[cited 2004 October 15]; 329:[about 10 screens]. Available from: URL: http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/329/7470/825 Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 17. 17 The Vancouver system contd.. Website Format: Author/Editor/Organisation's name . Title of the page [homepage on the Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher's name; [updated yr month day; cited yr month day]. Available from: Example: HeartCentreOnline [homepage on the Internet]. Boca Raton, FL: HeartCentreOnline, Inc.; c2000-2004 [updated 2004 May 23; cited 2004 Oct 15]. Available from: http://www.heartcenteronline.com/ Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 18. 18 Example of reference list written in Vancouver style: Reference list 1. Dybvig DD, Dybvig M. Det tenkende mennesket. Filosofi- og vitenskapshistorie med vitenskapsteori. 2nd edition. Trondheim: Tapir akademisk forlag; 2003. 2. Bick, J. 101 Thing You Need to Know about Internet Law [electronic book]. New York: Three Rivers Press; 2000 [cited 30 March, 2004]. Avalible at: http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ntnu/. 3. Beizer JL, Timiras, ML. Pharmacology and drug management in the elderly. 2nd edition. In: Timirad PS, ed. Physiological basis of aging and geriatrics. Boca Raton: CRC Press; 1994. pp. 279- 284. Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 19. Thank you Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS 19
  • 20. 20 APA STYLE GUIDE For the Fifth Edition Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 21. 21 APA Citation Style Journal or Magazine Article (use for journals that start each issue with page one) Wilcox, R. V. (1991). Shifting roles and synthetic women in Star trek: The next generation. Studies in Popular Culture, 13(2), 53-65. Dubeck, L. (1990). Science fiction aids science teaching. Physics Teacher, 28, 316-318. Journal or Magazine Article (use for journals where the page numbering continues from issue to issue) Newspaper Article Di Rado, A. (1995, March 15). Trekking through college: Classes explore modern society using the world of Star trek. Los Angeles Times, p. A3. Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 22. 22 Article from an Internet Database (for more details, see the American Psychological Association's official site) Mershon, D. H. (1998, November-December). Star trek on the brain: Alien minds, human minds. American Scientist, 86, 585. Retrieved July 29, 1999, from Expanded Academic ASAP database. Book Okuda, M., & Okuda, D. (1993). Star trek chronology: The history of the future. New York: Pocket Books. Book Article or Chapter James, N. E. (1988). Two sides of paradise: The Eden myth according to Kirk and Spock. In D. Palumbo (Ed.), Spectrum of the fantastic (pp. 219-223). Westport, CT: Greenwood Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 23. 23 Encyclopedia Article Sturgeon, T. (1995). Science fiction. In The encyclopedia Americana (Vol. 24, pp. 390-392). Danbury, CT: Grolier. Website (for more details, see the American Psychological Association's official site) Lynch, T. (1996). DS9 trials and tribble-ations review. Retrieved October 8, 1997, from Psi Phi: Bradley's Science Fiction Club Web site: http://www.bradley.edu/campusorg/psiphi/DS9/ep/ 503r.html Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 24. 24 Reference List Book with one author. What is included in a Reference list entry:  Author(s). (Date of publication). Title of book. City of publisher: Publisher.  Carter, R. (1998). Mapping the mind. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS
  • 25. 25 Thank you for your participation Dr. R S Mehta, MSND, BPKIHS

×