Prepared By:
Group First


Reproductive Health Status Of Women Living With
HIV/AIDs In Eastern Region Of Nepal


Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey
(EDHS 2005) have found that half of the world’s
2.6 billion women are now 15 – ...


Death and illnesses from reproductive causes
are the highest among poor women
everywhere.



In
societies
where
women
...


There is a substantial increase in the number of
HIV/AIDs in Nepal.



Women of the reproductive age are at risk of
co...


To identify reproductive health status of
women living with HIV/AIDS.



To determine association between
reproductive...
Null Hypothesis:


There is no any relationship between
reproductive health status of women with
HIV/AIDs and socio-demog...


Dependent variable
Reproductive health status (family planning
services, safe motherhood, subfertility, safe
abortion c...


Independent Variable
Age (with completed years)
Education status
Economic status
Occupation
Social support system


Reproductive health:
According to WHO, reproductive health addresses
the human sexuality and reproductive processes,
fu...


Women: refers to reproductive age group women of
15-49years of age.

10/30/2013

12


Age:
Age will be categorised in terms of 5 years of
interval.



Economic status:
Sufficient
Balanced
Insufficient


Educational status
Illiterate
literate
Primary
Secondary
Higher secondary


Social support system
Family
Institution
Friends/Society
Family
Planning

HINDERING
FACTORS
AGE
(adolescents)
Lack of
education
Poverty
Lack of job
Lack of social
support
system

...


A descriptive cross-sectional study will be employed
for the study.


Women with HIV/AIDs visiting to ART/VCT centers of
Eastern region of Nepal


Purposive sampling will be followed for the study.


20 percent of the total population will be used for
the calculation of sample size.
We have,
Total women living with HI...


Women of reproductive age group suffering from
HIV/AIDs



Women visiting ART/VCT centers of Dharan,
Biratnagar, Bhadr...


Women with HIV/AIDs who are not visiting ART/VCT
services of listed centers.


A semi-structured questionnaire will be developed as
per the objectives of the study based on the
investigators experie...


After obtaining permission from concerned authority,
written informed consent will be taken from the
respondents and th...


The collected data will be checked thoroughly for
completeness and then edited and coded first.



Then the data will ...


Descriptive statistics like mean, percentage,
standard deviation etc will be used to describe
the characteristics of co...


Pretest will be done in 10% of total sample size.



Opinions and views will be taken from experts.



Logical sequen...


Corhnbach alpha test will be applied in 150
samples.


Written permission will be obtained from the
concerned authority.



Anonymity of the subjects will be maintained.


...


The area will be limited only to the four centers
of the eastern region of Nepal.



Only 640 women living with HIV/AI...
Stationary : 50,000
Printing cost : 20,000
Accommodation:30,000
Transportation:22,000
Rajbiraj to Dharan-8000
Dharan to Bi...
Work Plan

10/30/2013

34
1st month

Finalization
of the
proposal

Pilot study
Data
collection
Data
analysis
Report
writing

Dessiminati
on

2nd mon...
The researcher has been told in detail that the
information given to the researcher is purely for the
study purposes only....
DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION (PART I)
















Name
Age /sex
Place of residence
Education
Occupation
Reli...
What is Adolescence Health?
 Menstrual Hygiene
 Sex Education
 Good Nutrition
 If other,Specify
4.

5. What are the co...
6. How HIV/AIDs is transferred?
 Sexual Contact
 Treatment Procedure
 Mother to Baby transmission
 Sharing of syringe ...
Anna Glasier, A Metin Gülmezoglu, George P
Schmid, Claudia Garcia Moreno, Paul FA Van
Look(2006).Sexual and reproductive h...
FEEDBACK PLEASE !!!!

10/30/2013

42
1.workshop proposal
1.workshop proposal
1.workshop proposal
1.workshop proposal
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1.workshop proposal

  1. 1. Prepared By: Group First
  2. 2.  Reproductive Health Status Of Women Living With HIV/AIDs In Eastern Region Of Nepal
  3. 3.  Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS 2005) have found that half of the world’s 2.6 billion women are now 15 – 49 years of age.  Without proper health care services, this group is highly vulnerable to problems related to sexual intercourse, pregnancy, contraceptive side effects, etc.
  4. 4.  Death and illnesses from reproductive causes are the highest among poor women everywhere.  In societies where women are disproportionately poor, illiterate, and politically powerless, high rates of reproductive illnesses and deaths are the norm.
  5. 5.  There is a substantial increase in the number of HIV/AIDs in Nepal.  Women of the reproductive age are at risk of contracting the disease and is a crucial issue influencing governments to develop appropriate policies to address the health status of the patient living with HIV/AIDs.
  6. 6.  To identify reproductive health status of women living with HIV/AIDS.  To determine association between reproductive health status and sociodemograghic profile.
  7. 7. Null Hypothesis:  There is no any relationship between reproductive health status of women with HIV/AIDs and socio-demographic profile.
  8. 8.  Dependent variable Reproductive health status (family planning services, safe motherhood, subfertility, safe abortion care, prevention from HIV/AIDs, child health, adolescents, gender based violence, health of elderley women).
  9. 9.  Independent Variable Age (with completed years) Education status Economic status Occupation Social support system
  10. 10.  Reproductive health: According to WHO, reproductive health addresses the human sexuality and reproductive processes, functions and system at all stages of life and implies that people are able to have “a responsible, satisfying and safe sex life and that they have the capability to reproduce and the freedom to decide if, when and how often to do so.”
  11. 11.  Women: refers to reproductive age group women of 15-49years of age. 10/30/2013 12
  12. 12.  Age: Age will be categorised in terms of 5 years of interval.  Economic status: Sufficient Balanced Insufficient
  13. 13.  Educational status Illiterate literate Primary Secondary Higher secondary
  14. 14.  Social support system Family Institution Friends/Society
  15. 15. Family Planning HINDERING FACTORS AGE (adolescents) Lack of education Poverty Lack of job Lack of social support system Gender based violence Prevention of HIV/AIDs Safe abortion Reproductive health status of women with HIV/AIDs subfertility Child health Safe motherh ood Increases morbidity and mortality Adolescents Health of elderley women REINFORCING FACTORS AGE EDUCATION ECONOMIC STATUS OCCUPATION SOCIAL SUPPORT SYSTEM Improves quality of life
  16. 16.  A descriptive cross-sectional study will be employed for the study.
  17. 17.  Women with HIV/AIDs visiting to ART/VCT centers of Eastern region of Nepal
  18. 18.  Purposive sampling will be followed for the study.
  19. 19.  20 percent of the total population will be used for the calculation of sample size. We have, Total women living with HIV/AIDs in eastern region of Nepal: 3200 Now, Sample size = 20/100 * 3200 = 640
  20. 20.  Women of reproductive age group suffering from HIV/AIDs  Women visiting ART/VCT centers of Dharan, Biratnagar, Bhadrapur and Rajbiraj.
  21. 21.  Women with HIV/AIDs who are not visiting ART/VCT services of listed centers.
  22. 22.  A semi-structured questionnaire will be developed as per the objectives of the study based on the investigators experience, knowledge and observation, review of literature and experts opinion.
  23. 23.  After obtaining permission from concerned authority, written informed consent will be taken from the respondents and they will be explained about the purpose of the study.  Confidentiality will be maintained throughout the study.
  24. 24.  The collected data will be checked thoroughly for completeness and then edited and coded first.  Then the data will be entered into the master chart prepared in the Microsoft Excel.  Entered data will be checked, verified and then transferred into SPSS 16.0 version for further analysis.
  25. 25.  Descriptive statistics like mean, percentage, standard deviation etc will be used to describe the characteristics of collected data.  Bivariate analysis (chi-square) will be used to assess the association between outcome variable with various independent variables.  The association will be checked at 95% confidence interval i.e p value 0.05.
  26. 26.  Pretest will be done in 10% of total sample size.  Opinions and views will be taken from experts.  Logical sequence of questionnaire will be maintained and checked for content validity.
  27. 27.  Corhnbach alpha test will be applied in 150 samples.
  28. 28.  Written permission will be obtained from the concerned authority.  Anonymity of the subjects will be maintained.  The written permission will be obtained from the subjects  The subjects will be assured of the confidentiality of the information.
  29. 29.  The area will be limited only to the four centers of the eastern region of Nepal.  Only 640 women living with HIV/AIDs will be taken for the study.
  30. 30. Stationary : 50,000 Printing cost : 20,000 Accommodation:30,000 Transportation:22,000 Rajbiraj to Dharan-8000 Dharan to Biratnagar-3000 Biratnagar to Bhadrapur-6000 Other transportation cost-5000  Allowances for data collectors:100,000  Refreshment including fooding:50,000  Internet:5000  Miscellaneous: 22,000  Total: 3 lakhs    
  31. 31. Work Plan 10/30/2013 34
  32. 32. 1st month Finalization of the proposal Pilot study Data collection Data analysis Report writing Dessiminati on 2nd month 3rd month 4th month 5th month 6th month
  33. 33. The researcher has been told in detail that the information given to the researcher is purely for the study purposes only. The anonymity and confidentiality will be strictly maintained. My participation in this research is purely voluntary. I have also been told that at any time of the study I can withdraw and no penalty will be charged. Signature right 10/30/2013 left 36
  34. 34. DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION (PART I)                Name Age /sex Place of residence Education Occupation Religion Ethnicity Marital Status Type of family Do you know about reproductive health? Yes No If yes, Specify - 10/30/2013 37
  35. 35. What is Adolescence Health?  Menstrual Hygiene  Sex Education  Good Nutrition  If other,Specify 4. 5. What are the components of Reproductive Health?  Adolescence Health  Gender Based Voilence  Family Planning  Safe Motherhood  Safe Abortion  Health of Elderly Women  Treatment of Subfertility  Prevention of HIV/AIDs  10/30/2013 38
  36. 36. 6. How HIV/AIDs is transferred?  Sexual Contact  Treatment Procedure  Mother to Baby transmission  Sharing of syringe of needles  If other,Specify 10/30/2013 39
  37. 37. Anna Glasier, A Metin Gülmezoglu, George P Schmid, Claudia Garcia Moreno, Paul FA Van Look(2006).Sexual and reproductive health: a matter of life anddeath. The Lancet;368: 15951607
  38. 38. FEEDBACK PLEASE !!!! 10/30/2013 42
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