Bela H. Banathy,       1996 by Plenum Press                in New YorkPart 1: Understanding Design
“We are entering the                    21st century with              organisations designed                             ...
Activity     Review 20 definitions of design andsynthesies/construct your own definition.
“Design uses knowledge to            create what should be; it is the          core of all professional activities.       ...
“The systems design approach               seeks to understand the         problem situation as a system                  ...
Activity    Select a socio-technical system of yourinterest and stipulate fields of knowledge  that might contribute to th...
“Messy systems have             properties that none of their             parts have. These properties               are l...
“It is a mistake to begin design            by focusing on the problem and                     leave thinking about the   ...
“A design literate population will            be able to make judgments about                    the instrumental and soci...
“Design literacty enables us to               understand what design is as a            human activity, what design does  ...
“We have two choices. We can                         relegate authority and                    responsibility to others wh...
“The primary generator is formed            very early in the design process as           a set of initiating concepts. It...
“Broad design requirements in                combination with the primary           generator help designers arrive at    ...
“Designers seek                    solutions by synthesis,                     scientists by analysis”http://www.flickr.co...
“Ideal designs should be                 technologically feasible,                operationally viable, and               ...
1)Look at the unstructured problem situation    2)Develop a richest possible structured picture 3)Speculate about systems ...
“The behaviour of designers                         depends on their image of                        society and the image...
“An image of a new system will              be revolutionary, but the move               toward it can be evolutionary.   ...
“Incremental adaptations or               restructuring of our existing          systems is not working for us. We        ...
Activity                        Run a design process● Vision-quest:  ●     What kind of society do we wish?  ●     What is...
Group techniquesNominal Group Technique (NGT):● ●   Formulation of triggering questions ●   Silent individual ideation in ...
Group techniquesHeartstorming:● ●   Express the subjective, value-laden   aspirations and idealistic dreams of   the parti...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/nimrodcooper/2007228257
Activity  Construct a statement of 2 pages thatyou could use in discussing the necessity       of developing design litera...
http://www.flickr.com/photos/jenjoaquin/1100098716
Designing social systems in a changing world
Designing social systems in a changing world
Designing social systems in a changing world
Designing social systems in a changing world
Designing social systems in a changing world
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Designing social systems in a changing world

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Systemic design part 1

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Designing social systems in a changing world

  1. 1. Bela H. Banathy, 1996 by Plenum Press in New YorkPart 1: Understanding Design
  2. 2. “We are entering the 21st century with organisations designed th during the 19 ”http://www.flickr.com/photos/86624586@N00/10187684
  3. 3. Activity Review 20 definitions of design andsynthesies/construct your own definition.
  4. 4. “Design uses knowledge to create what should be; it is the core of all professional activities. Design is the intellectual activity of changing existing situations into desired ones.”http://www.flickr.com/photos/thomashawk/497851367
  5. 5. “The systems design approach seeks to understand the problem situation as a system of interconnected, interdependent, and interacting problems”http://www.flickr.com/photos/irschick/2975202054
  6. 6. Activity Select a socio-technical system of yourinterest and stipulate fields of knowledge that might contribute to the knowledgebase of engaging in the (re)design of your selected system.
  7. 7. “Messy systems have properties that none of their parts have. These properties are lost when the system is taken apart”http://www.flickr.com/photos/uggboy/5181846719
  8. 8. “It is a mistake to begin design by focusing on the problem and leave thinking about the solution to later stages. Over the course of design, often designers are thrown back to square one”http://www.flickr.com/photos/linhngan/2849874977
  9. 9. “A design literate population will be able to make judgments about the instrumental and social effectiveness of design decisions. It can make judgments about the socio-economic and political implications of design decisions”http://www.flickr.com/photos/tubb/4385856884
  10. 10. “Design literacty enables us to understand what design is as a human activity, what design does and how it does it, what the role of design is in society, what the impacts of design are on human quality and betterment”http://www.flickr.com/photos/modenadude/5256894008
  11. 11. “We have two choices. We can relegate authority and responsibility to others who represent us, as we do today. Or we can empower ourselves by acquiring design literacy and competence”http://www.flickr.com/photos/toniblay/92083733
  12. 12. “The primary generator is formed very early in the design process as a set of initiating concepts. It helps designers make the creative leap between problem formulation and a solution concept”http://www.flickr.com/photos/lrargerich/4122613710
  13. 13. “Broad design requirements in combination with the primary generator help designers arrive at initial conjecture that can be tested as an interactive process. Conjectures and requirements mutually shape each other”http://www.flickr.com/photos/hamed/2070859805
  14. 14. “Designers seek solutions by synthesis, scientists by analysis”http://www.flickr.com/photos/kurafire/250686996
  15. 15. “Ideal designs should be technologically feasible, operationally viable, and capable of rapid learning and development” -Ackoffhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/genista/3484416
  16. 16. 1)Look at the unstructured problem situation 2)Develop a richest possible structured picture 3)Speculate about systems with relevant solutions4)Develop abstract representations (requirements) 5)Compare conceptual model with problem 6)Identify feasible and desirable changes 7)Take action and introduce changes http://www.flickr.com/photos/pensiero/217713887
  17. 17. “The behaviour of designers depends on their image of society and the image they have about the societal function of the system they wish to create”http://www.flickr.com/photos/danielavladimirova/4922367899/
  18. 18. “An image of a new system will be revolutionary, but the move toward it can be evolutionary. The image is speculative and serves to trigger further exploration and refinement”http://www.flickr.com/photos/belowred/507227632
  19. 19. “Incremental adaptations or restructuring of our existing systems is not working for us. We have to transform our systems and learn to change and coevolve with our constantly changing environment”http://www.flickr.com/photos/eole/380316678
  20. 20. Activity Run a design process● Vision-quest: ● What kind of society do we wish? ● What is our contribution to this vision?● Initial exploration: ● Study various dimensions: economic, sociocultural, sociotechnical, technological, organisational, scientific... ● Revisit the vision statement ● Define system boundaries & requirements ● Formulate collectively agreed core values● First image of the system: ● Build a macro-view of the ideal system ● Evaluate against requirements
  21. 21. Group techniquesNominal Group Technique (NGT):● ● Formulation of triggering questions ● Silent individual ideation in writing ● Record and display to the group ● Discussion and clarification of ideas ● Selection and designation of ideasRole Assignment:● ● Guardian of participation ● Guardian of focus ● Guardian of selected group technique ● Guardian of documentation ● Guardian of tolerance and values ● Guardian of motivation ● Guardian of coordination
  22. 22. Group techniquesHeartstorming:● ● Express the subjective, value-laden aspirations and idealistic dreams of the participants ● Create a common vision ● Requirements: ● Attractive ● Powerful ● Clear and focused● Delphi● Interpretive Structural Modeling● Option Profile and Option Field● Attributes Porfile and Attributes Field● Trade-off Analysis● CogniScope
  23. 23. http://www.flickr.com/photos/nimrodcooper/2007228257
  24. 24. Activity Construct a statement of 2 pages thatyou could use in discussing the necessity of developing design literacy and competence
  25. 25. http://www.flickr.com/photos/jenjoaquin/1100098716
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