“Violation or distortion of a                                         previously unproblematic                            ...
“Paradigms are (arbitrary)                                         conceptions that underlie our                          ...
“A paradigm shift happens                                         when there is no way to                                 ...
“Revolutionary changes are                                         holistic... an integrated                              ...
“In normal, cumulative                                         change one simply revises or                               ...
“In revolutionary change one                                         must wither live with                                ...
“Revolutions involve a                                         central change of model,                                   ...
“Revolutions alter the                                         knowledge of nature that is                                ...
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What are revolutionary changes?

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What are revolutionary changes?

  1. 1. “Violation or distortion of a previously unproblematic language is the touchstone for revolutionary change”“What are Scientific Revolutions?” Thomas S. Kuhn http://books.google.com/books?id=XmReio9w_mEC&pg=PA13
  2. 2. “Paradigms are (arbitrary) conceptions that underlie our views and affect other aspects that depend on them”“What are Scientific Revolutions?” Thomas S. Kuhn http://books.google.com/books?id=XmReio9w_mEC&pg=PA13
  3. 3. “A paradigm shift happens when there is no way to correct something without restructuring the underlying principles”“What are Scientific Revolutions?” Thomas S. Kuhn http://books.google.com/books?id=XmReio9w_mEC&pg=PA13
  4. 4. “Revolutionary changes are holistic... an integrated picture of several aspects has to be changed at the same time”“What are Scientific Revolutions?” Thomas S. Kuhn http://books.google.com/books?id=XmReio9w_mEC&pg=PA13
  5. 5. “In normal, cumulative change one simply revises or adds a single generalization, all others remain the same”“What are Scientific Revolutions?” Thomas S. Kuhn http://books.google.com/books?id=XmReio9w_mEC&pg=PA13
  6. 6. “In revolutionary change one must wither live with incoherence or else revise a number of interrelated generalizations together”“What are Scientific Revolutions?” Thomas S. Kuhn http://books.google.com/books?id=XmReio9w_mEC&pg=PA13
  7. 7. “Revolutions involve a central change of model, metaphor or analogy”“What are Scientific Revolutions?” Thomas S. Kuhn http://books.google.com/books?id=XmReio9w_mEC&pg=PA13
  8. 8. “Revolutions alter the knowledge of nature that is intrinsic to the language itself and that is thus prior to anything quite describable”“What are Scientific Revolutions?” Thomas S. Kuhn http://books.google.com/books?id=XmReio9w_mEC&pg=PA13

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