PL/SQL Unit Testing Can Be Fun!

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  • 1. PL/SQL Unit Testing Can Be Fun! with a little help from Ruby
  • 2. Raimonds Simanovskis rsim
  • 3. What is good code? Test Correct functionality! Test Fast enough performance! Test after Maintainable changes!
  • 4. How is it done? try something... dbms_output.put_line(...) it is obvious that there are no bugs testers should test, that’s their job
  • 5. What are typical problems? Trying and not testing Tests are not repeatable Manual verification of results Testing is done too late in development
  • 6. Types of tests unit tests integration tests programmer’s performance & integration responsibility tests exploratory & usability tests
  • 7. Test Driven Development
  • 8. Good unit tests Automatic, run fast Wide code coverage including edge cases Repeatable Independent from execution order Using real and understandable test data
  • 9. How to do it when programming in PL/SQL?
  • 10. created by Steven Feuerstein, 1999 based on “xUnit”-style frameworks not maintained anymore :(
  • 11. Example substring from start until end position CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION betwnstr ( string_in IN VARCHAR2, start_in IN INTEGER, end_in IN INTEGER ) RETURN VARCHAR2 IS l_start PLS_INTEGER := start_in; BEGIN IF l_start = 0 THEN l_start := 1; END IF; RETURN (SUBSTR (string_in, l_start, end_in - l_start + 1)); END;
  • 12. Tests CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE ut_betwnstr AS CREATE OR REPLACE PACKAGE BODY ut_betwnstr AS PROCEDURE ut_setup; PROCEDURE ut_setup AS PROCEDURE ut_teardown; BEGIN NULL; PROCEDURE ut_normal_usage; END ut_setup; PROCEDURE ut_first_index_null; PROCEDURE ut_teardown AS END ut_betwnstr; BEGIN NULL; END ut_teardown; PROCEDURE ut_normal_usage AS BEGIN utassert.eq('Normal usage', betwnstr('abcdefg', 2, 5), 'bcde'); END ut_normal_usage; PROCEDURE ut_first_index_null AS BEGIN utassert.isnull('First index is null', betwnstr('abcdefg', NULL, 5)); END ut_first_index_null; END ut_betwnstr;
  • 13. Results exec utplsql.test('betwnstr', recompile_in => FALSE); . > SSSS U U CCC CCC EEEEEEE SSSS SSSS > S S U U C C C C E S S S S > S U U C C C C E S S > S U U C C E S S > SSSS U U C C EEEE SSSS SSSS > S U U C C E S S > S U U C C C C E S S > S S U U C C C C E S S S S > SSSS UUU CCC CCC EEEEEEE SSSS SSSS . SUCCESS: "betwnstr" . > Individual Test Case Results: > SUCCESS - betwnstr.UT_FIRST_INDEX_NULL: ISNULL "First index is null" Expected "" and got "" > SUCCESS - betwnstr.UT_NORMAL_USAGE: EQ "Normal usage" Expected "cde" and got "cde" > > > Errors recorded in utPLSQL Error Log: > > NONE FOUND
  • 14. Visual testing tools Quest Code Tester SQL Developer 2.1
  • 15. Why used just by few? Too large / too verbose test code? Hard to read, too much noise? Hard to test complex cases? No best practices how to write tests? Nobody is using, why should I use?
  • 16. ruby-plsql-spec ideal language for writing tests powerful testing tools RSpec with “readable” syntax library for calling ruby-plsql PL/SQL procedures from Ruby
  • 17. Demo
  • 18. ruby-plsql gem plsql.connect! "hr","hr","xe" plsql.test_uppercase('xxx') # => "XXX" plsql.test_uppercase(:p_string => 'xxx') # => "XXX" plsql.test_copy("abc", nil, nil) # => { :p_to => "abc", # :p_to_double => "abcabc" } plsql.test_copy(:p_from => "abc", :p_to => nil, :p_to_double => nil) # => { :p_to => "abc", # :p_to_double => "abcabc" }'xxx') # => "XXX" plsql.test_package.test_uppercase('xxx') # => 'XXX''xxx') # => 'XXX' plsql.logoff
  • 19. Benefits Compact, readable syntax Powerful features also for complex tests Best practices from Ruby community Based on needs from real projects Open-source – “free as in beer” :)
  • 20. More information unit-testing-with-ruby/ oracle-plsql-unit-testing-with-ruby/
  • 21. JRuby meetup Tuesday, September 21 5:30 - 7:00 Networking + beer + food 7:00 - 8:00 Lightning talks @ Engine Yard 500 3rd Street, Suite 510