Basic Cinematography Concepts
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Basic Cinematography Concepts

on

  • 1,757 views

Overview of basic cinematography concepts for introductory level film course.

Overview of basic cinematography concepts for introductory level film course.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,757
Views on SlideShare
1,757
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
109
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • General uses

Basic Cinematography Concepts Presentation Transcript

  • 1. THFM 1610: Introduction to Film Dr. Rosalind Sibielski Bowling Green State University
  • 2. One uninterrupted take in filming Take = recording of image from time camera is started to time that it is stopped Shots are separated by edits
  • 3.  Series of shots that are unified by action or events taking place in the same location at the same time A change in scene is marked by a change in location and/or in time Scenes are often recorded multiple times (multiple takes) using different camera and lighting set-ups Scenes are composed by mixing shots from these various takes
  • 4. The range of color tones and shades, as well as the gradations of light, within the image Controlled by Film Stock Contrast Exposure Technological manipulation of coloring
  • 5. Comparative difference between the light and dark tones in the image
  • 6. Stark contrast between brightest and darkest shades in the color spectrum with few variations in color tone in-between Creates rich, saturated colors when used with color film stock
  • 7. Minimal contrast between brightest and darkest shades in the color spectrum with a large range of tones in-between Washes out and dulls colors when used with color film stock
  • 8. Refers to how much light passes through the camera lens while images are recorded during filming
  • 9. Results in high light levels so that the image appears overly bright
  • 10. Results in low light levels so that the image appears overly dark
  • 11. • Hand/Digital Coloring • Light Filter • Tinting/Toning
  • 12.  Rate at which images are recorded and projected  The standard frame rate for movies is 24 frames per second  Filming at a higher rate (>24 fps)results in motion appearing slowed-down when projected at 24 fps  Filming at a lower rate (<24 fps) results in motion appearing sped-up when projected at 24 fps
  • 13. Fast Motion
  • 14. An extreme form of fastmotion cinematography. Images are recorded over long intervals (one every minute, hour, etc.) Most often used to condense the passage of a long period of time into a few shots
  • 15. Slow Motion
  • 16. Freeze Frame
  • 17.  Short-focal-length (wide angle) lens = wide horizontal field of vision Results in slight distortion at edges of the image Exaggerates depth, making images in foreground appear bigger and distance between foreground and background appear further away
  • 18. Middle-focal-length (medium) lens = avoids noticeable perspective distortion Closely mimics the filed of vision of the human eye
  • 19.  Long-focal-length (telephoto) lens = covers greater distance but takes in a narrower horizontal field of vision Cues for volume and depth are reduced Image appears squished or flattened
  • 20. The range of distance before the lens within which objects can be photographed in sharp focus
  • 21. • Background = part of the image that is the furthest distance from the camera • Middle ground = midpoint within the image • Foreground = part of the image that is the closest to the camera
  • 22. All planes of the image are clearly in focus
  • 23. Only one plane of the image is in focus, while the other two planes are out of focus
  • 24.  Framing = using the borders of the cinematic image (the film frame) to select and compose what is visible onscreen  In filming, the frame is formed by the viewfinder on the camera  In projection, it is formed by the screen
  • 25. Onscreen Space = space depicted within the frame Offscreen Space = space in the movie world that is outside the borders of the frame
  • 26.  Relative height of the camera in relation to eye-level At eye level Below eye level
  • 27. The camera’s relative horizontal position in relation to the horizon Parallel to horizon Canted framing
  • 28. Vantage point imposed on image by camera’s position  Straight-On  High Angle  Low Angle
  • 29. Types of Shots
  • 30. Content of shot appears at an extreme distance. If figures appear in the shot they are too small to clearly identify.
  • 31. Figures can be seen in full view (body fills the frame) with some area above and below visible. Background can also be clearly seen.
  • 32. Figures can be seen from the knees up. Background is largely visible within the frame.
  • 33. Figures are visible from the waist up. Some background is visible within the frame.
  • 34. Figures are visible from the middle of the chest to the top of the head. Limited background is visible within the frame.
  • 35. In the case of figures, a single part of the body (most often the face) fills the frame vertically. In the case of objects, the object fills the frame vertically.
  • 36. A single detail of an object or a figure fills the entire frame.
  • 37. Reframing of the shot by moving the position of the camera during filming rather than cutting to a new take filmed from a different camera setup
  • 38. Camera swivels from right to left or left to right Camera is mounted on tripod and remains stationary
  • 39. lateral movement of the camera in any direction Camera is mounted on a dolly and moves along a track Differs from a zoom shot, where a variable focus lens is used to adjust focus while the camera remains stationary
  • 40. Camera moves unrestricted through space, often changing direction Handheld Camera results in shaky image (Cloverfield example) Steady Cam used for fluid camera movement (Magnolia example)
  • 41. Camera tilts up or down Camera is mounted on tripod and remains stationary
  • 42. Camera physically moves up or down through space Camera is generally mounted on a crane
  • 43.  Length of time the shot is held before an edit Long Take = shot that lasts for an extended period of time before cutting to the next shot in the scene Sequence Shot = when an entire scene is shot in one take with no edits and no interruption in filming
  • 44. The following example is labeled as a long take. It is more accurately an example of a sequence shot, since the entire scene is filmed in one very long take. A long take can occur within a scene in which it is not the only shot, but instead is combined with shorter takes of other shots. In a sequence shot, the entire scene is filmed in one single long take.
  • 45. End