Elements of a short story

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Elements of a short story

  1. 1. Elements of a Short Story
  2. 2. OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Identify elements of a short story </li></ul><ul><li>Define elements of a short story </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate mastery of short story elements </li></ul>
  3. 3. OVERVIEW <ul><li>Short stories often contain structural and character elements that should be familiar to you. </li></ul><ul><li>These elements can be used as guides to help you think about the actions, themes, and contexts of the story. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Theme </li></ul><ul><li>Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Characters </li></ul><ul><li>Point of view </li></ul><ul><li>Characterization </li></ul><ul><li>Plot </li></ul><ul><li>- exposition statement </li></ul><ul><li>- rising action </li></ul><ul><li>- conflict </li></ul><ul><li>- climax </li></ul><ul><li>- falling action </li></ul><ul><li>- resolution </li></ul>Elements of a Short Story
  5. 5. THEME <ul><li>The main idea of a literary work, usually expressed as a generalization. </li></ul>SETTING <ul><li>The time and place in which a work of literature happens. </li></ul>
  6. 6. CHARACTERS <ul><li>The people (or actors) in the story. </li></ul>POINT OF VIEW <ul><li>The story teller from whose point of view the story is being told, the narrator. </li></ul>
  7. 7. CHARACTERIZATION <ul><li>The description of the personalities of the characters in the story and the way in which an author reveals their personalities. </li></ul>
  8. 8. PLOT <ul><li>The sequence or order of events in a story. The plot includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exposition Statement - The part of the plot that tells how the story begins. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rising Action - The action in the story leading up to the climax. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict - Struggles or problems between opposing forces. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. More PLOT <ul><ul><li>Climax - The point of crisis in the plot. It may be the reader’s point of highest interest. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Falling action - The action in the story after the climax is revealed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resolution - The part of the plot that reveals the final outcome. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. PLOT DIAGRAM Rising Action Falling Action Resolution Climax Exposition Conflict
  11. 11. CONCLUSION <ul><li>Now that we have identified and defined the elements of a short story, let us use the elements to analyze a familiar fairytale. You may use your notes from the PowerPoint presentation or consult the newsletter handout, “Analyzing a Short Story.” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Bibliography Dinneen, K. Elements of the Short Story. Retrieved Jun. 19, 2003, from Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1983/3/83.03.09.x.html Five Elements of a Story. Retrieved Jun. 19, 2003, http://www.teachervision.com/lesson-plans/lesson-2277.html Guevin, D. Short Story Elements. Retrieved Jun. 19, 2003, http://www.uvm.edu/~dguevin/Elements.html

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