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Elements of a short story

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Transcript

  • 1. Elements of a Short Story
  • 2. OBJECTIVES
    • Identify elements of a short story
    • Define elements of a short story
    • Demonstrate mastery of short story elements
  • 3. OVERVIEW
    • Short stories often contain structural and character elements that should be familiar to you.
    • These elements can be used as guides to help you think about the actions, themes, and contexts of the story.
  • 4.
    • Theme
    • Setting
    • Characters
    • Point of view
    • Characterization
    • Plot
    • - exposition statement
    • - rising action
    • - conflict
    • - climax
    • - falling action
    • - resolution
    Elements of a Short Story
  • 5. THEME
    • The main idea of a literary work, usually expressed as a generalization.
    SETTING
    • The time and place in which a work of literature happens.
  • 6. CHARACTERS
    • The people (or actors) in the story.
    POINT OF VIEW
    • The story teller from whose point of view the story is being told, the narrator.
  • 7. CHARACTERIZATION
    • The description of the personalities of the characters in the story and the way in which an author reveals their personalities.
  • 8. PLOT
    • The sequence or order of events in a story. The plot includes:
      • Exposition Statement - The part of the plot that tells how the story begins.
      • Rising Action - The action in the story leading up to the climax.
      • Conflict - Struggles or problems between opposing forces.
  • 9. More PLOT
      • Climax - The point of crisis in the plot. It may be the reader’s point of highest interest.
      • Falling action - The action in the story after the climax is revealed.
      • Resolution - The part of the plot that reveals the final outcome.
  • 10. PLOT DIAGRAM Rising Action Falling Action Resolution Climax Exposition Conflict
  • 11. CONCLUSION
    • Now that we have identified and defined the elements of a short story, let us use the elements to analyze a familiar fairytale. You may use your notes from the PowerPoint presentation or consult the newsletter handout, “Analyzing a Short Story.”
  • 12. Bibliography Dinneen, K. Elements of the Short Story. Retrieved Jun. 19, 2003, from Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1983/3/83.03.09.x.html Five Elements of a Story. Retrieved Jun. 19, 2003, http://www.teachervision.com/lesson-plans/lesson-2277.html Guevin, D. Short Story Elements. Retrieved Jun. 19, 2003, http://www.uvm.edu/~dguevin/Elements.html