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Music education presentation2

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Music educators have always believed that a child’s cognitive, motivational, and communication skills are more highly developed when exposed to music training. Now, study after study proves that music …

Music educators have always believed that a child’s cognitive, motivational, and communication skills are more highly developed when exposed to music training. Now, study after study proves that music instruction is essential to children’s overall education because it improves their academic performance. The positive effects of music education are finally being recognized by science, verifying what music teachers have always suspected.


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  • 1. MUSIC EDUCATION IMPROVES ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE Dr. Richard Ellis,Fayetteville State University and JML Piano
  • 2. MUSIC EDUCATION IMPROVES ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE Music educators have always believed that achild’s cognitive, motivational, andcommunication skills are more highlydeveloped when exposed to music training.Now, study after study proves that musicinstruction is essential to children’s overalleducation because it improves theiracademic performance. The positive effectsof music education are finally beingrecognized by science, verifying what musicteachers have always suspected.
  • 3. MUSIC EDUCATION IMPROVES ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE Since the dawn of civilization, music has been anintegrated part of a childs education, as everyone hasrealized the potential that sounds have in shaping themind of a young pupil. In most countries in the worldtoday, music lessons are still offered in schools aspart of the basic curricula, along with sports anddrawing. The Ancient Greeks recognized theimportance of all these activities being performedalongside mathematics and physics, because theycomplemented each other.
  • 4. MUSIC EDUCATION IMPROVES ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE Many studies have been performed to examine the affect ofmusical instruction on the brain. For example, researchersat the University of Munster, Germany, (1998) reported thatmusic lessons in childhood actually enlarge the brain. Theauditory cortex is enlarged by 25% in musicians comparedto those who have never played an instrument. According tothe study by Frances Rauscher of the University ofCalifornia, Irvine, (1997) links between neurons in the brainare strengthened with music lessons. Dr. Frank Wilson’sstudy (1989) involving instrumental music instruction andthe brain reveal that learning to play an instrument refinesthe development of the brain and the entire neurologicalsystem.
  • 5. MUSIC EDUCATION IMPROVES ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE Grade school music students also show increased learning in math and reading. The Public Schools of Albuquerque, NM, conducted a study which found that instrumental music students, with two or more years of study, scored significantly higher in the California Test of Basic Skills, (CTBS), than did non-music students. High school students also achieve greater academic excellence when exposed to music training. A study by Mission Veijo High School in Southern California (1981) shows that the overall grade point average of music students is consistently higher than the grade point average of their non-music peers. The music students achieved a 3.59 average while the non-music students achieved a lower 2.91 average.
  • 6. MUSIC EDUCATION IMPROVES ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE SAT scores of students who took part in music instruction surpassed students with no music training. Data collected from students taking the SAT, indicated that students taking music and arts averaged scores that were higher than non music students by 60 points on the verbal section and 43 points on the math section. Additionally, data revealed that for every year a student participated in music instruction, their SAT scores improved. Students with four or more years of music study received an average score of about 544 as opposed to a score just above 482 for those with half a at least one semester of music instruction, thus showing a strong correlation between music and academic success. (For more information see MENC Web Page)Source: The College Board, Profile of College- Bound Seniors National Report for 2001.
  • 7. MUSIC EDUCATION IMPROVES ACADEMIC PERFORMANCEJust 15 minutes a week of private keyboard instruction, along with group singing at pre-school, dramatically improved a kind of intelligence needed for high-level math and science, suggests a new study.Music lessons appear to strengthen the links between brain neurons and build new spatial reasoning, says psychologist Frances Rauscher of University of California-Irvine."Music instruction can improve a childs spatial intelligence for long periods of time - perhaps permanently, " Rauscher told the American Psychological Association meeting here.Her study compared 19 pre-schoolers who took the lessons and 14 classmates enrolled in no special music programs. After eight months, she found:A 46% boost in spatial IQs for the young musicians6% improvement for children not taught music."If parents cant afford lessons, they should at least buy a musical keyboard.... or sing regularly with their kids and involve them in musical activities," Rauscher says.
  • 8. MUSIC EDUCATION IMPROVES ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE The University of Montreal researched brain imaging techniques to studybrain activity during musical tasks. Researches concluded that sight-readingmusical scores and playing music “activate regions in all four of the cortex’slobes” and “parts of the cerebellum are also activated during those tasks.”(Source: J. Sergent, E. Zuck, S. Tenial, and B. MacDonnall (1992). Distributedneural network underlying musical sight reading and keybpard performance.Science, 257, 106-109.) Researchers in Leipzig discovered through the use of brain scans thatmusicians had larger planum temporale, the region of the brain associatedwith reading skills. Also, musicians had a thicker corpus callosum, the nervefibers that connect the two halves of the brain. (Source: G. Schlaug, L.Jancke, Y. Huang, and H. Steinmetz (1994). “In vivo morphometry ofinterhemispheric asymmetry and connectivity in musicians.” In I. Deliege(Ed.), Proceedings of the 3rd international conference for music perceptionand cognition (pp. 417-418), Liege, Belgium.)
  • 9. MUSIC EDUCATION IMPROVES ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE The scientific evidence is abundant, obvious, andcompelling; there are strong connections between musicinstruction and greater student achievement. Regardless of age, exposure to music helps to develop andfine-tune the workings of the brain. Music training, whether instrumental, vocal, or musicappreciation, helps develop a child’s cognitive andcommunication skills. Music education is linked to highertest scores, grade point averages, and success in college.
  • 10. MUSIC RESOURCES IN FAYETTEVILLE TO RENT INSTRUMENTS AND PIANOSJML Music (Pianos Only)1024 Robeson St.Fayetteville, NC 28305323-9187Edwards Music Company (Good source for instructionbooks)910 868-1185524 N Mcpherson Church RdMusic & Arts Ctr (Good source for instruction books)5075 Morganton Rd Ste 10b910 864-8808