This presentation gives a short introduction to copyright. It is an overview and is not an in-depth look at copyright legislation.
CLA (Copyright Licensing Agency) licence The CLA licence is the one which most people are familiar with in colleges. This blanket licence allows you to photocopy extracts from printed materials within certain limitations.Click on the ‘CLA licence’ link to show the existing CLA licence and copying limitations. Traditional blanket licences (CLA, ERA, NLA, PRS) do not cover digitisation. Digitisation is a big issue for publishers – so a trial scanning licence has been introduced.CLA Scanning licenceThe CLA licence and the other blanket licences do not cover digitisation. So, a couple of years ago the CLA produced a trial scanning licence which allowed the digitisation of printed material. The licence extends the cover of the photocopy licence to making and distributing digital copies of printed material – copies only for educational and internal use and not for commercial purposes.The same conditions / limits apply as the ordinary CLA licence. One of the useful aspects of this licence is that it allows you to digitise images / diagrams from books and use them separately from the text. To scan, however, a copy of the material must be owned by the college, it should be available in the college library – you can’t bring in your own copy of book. Additionally, copies can only be made from books produced by UK publishers and on the CLA list.Limitations - when scanning material, only bitmap software and not OCR can be used. Conditions of the licence state that the material scanned can’t be edited or manipulated, hence the use of bitmap software.Digitised material should only be available via a secure server / login – it shouldn’t be made available freely over the internet. Materials already in digital form, e.g. DVDs, CDs, web pages, cannot be copied under this licence.
The copyright licensing agency has a useful webpage that allows users to see whether or not their license covers copying of a certain title, you can filter it to further education license type and add isbn and title to do your search
With the CLA Title Search app, searching for a title is even simpler than before. By scanning the title of the barcode you’d like to copy, you can deliver permissions to your iPhone or Android device in seconds.
The CLA website also has a list of all http://www.cla.co.uk/licences/excluded_works/digital/digital_feUK digital material publishers that have opted-in to the Further Education Licence. If the publisher of digital original publication or website is not shown on this list then the material may not be copied or re-used
A good source of further information on copyright advice is JISC legal. Their role is provide advice and information to avoid legal issues becoming a barrier to the use of technology in education. There are a number of useful e-Learning publications and webcasts which can be accessed via the e-Learning Theme on the website.
There’s also a really useful publication covering the essentials of copyright and it’s relevance within the education sector in the UK
Jisc has some really useful materials and suggestions on how to remain compliant with the DEA, including reducing risks and steps and guidance on how to deal with any infringement, it all comes down to creating an awareness in your institution at both staff and student level.
the Strategic Content Alliance also has some practical tools such as a template for dealing with notice and take down procedures within you own institution.
Next half of this webinar will look at some resources you can use and what’s happening out there in terms of copyright and the digital environment.Licensed image bankTo use the full functionality of Scran a subscription is required ask at your library or learning resource centre they will give you details if your institution subscribesSCRAN aims to provide educational access to digital materials with a focus on Scottish culture and history.The service hosts over 336,500 copyright cleared images, movies and sounds you can use the browse sections of the bank to click through to topics of interest in a certain subject
This is an example of some of the conditions that may come with your educational licence for scranThe two main points to bear in mind are the license may allow you to copy and create derivative works but only use on a secure intranet and to ensure that you don’t distribute material to a non subscriberAll licensed collections that you have access to will have a set of conditions that you must abide by, again your library or learning resource fentre is the best place to find out more about these collections.
Within the digital environment there is a movement to share, repurpose and recycle resources in a legally responsible way, Cleset has show you some of the collections of open resource collections available
A really good example of OER in practice is the khan academy a not for profit organisation that hosts a huge amount of courses and materials covering a myriad of subjects that are free for anyone to use
If you want to find out more about OER, then open learn has a great toolkit about creating your own OERs, that has a specific section on OER and copyrighthttp://www.open.edu/openlearn/education/creating-open-educational-resources/content-section-0
Creative CommonsThe Creative Commons Organisation was established a few years ago in the United States and was an attempt to deal with the issue of material on the Internet. It tries to strike a balance between copyright restrictions and the protection of material. Now there are Creative Commons jurisdictions for most countries in the world. Basically, Creative Commons works, by the owner of a resource creating their own licence stating what you can and can’t do with their material. There are 4 different types of licences, ranging from:Yes, you’re free to use the material as long as you acknowledge that it’s mine to No, you can’t use this under any circumstances unless you ask for my permission.You can also create your own licence and embed it in your website or resource. Click on the licence link on the home page to access the licence generator and you will be accessed some questions and then your licence will be created and you will be given code to embed in your site. This short video explains creative commons and highlights the benefits of a creative commons licence - http://creativecommons.org/videos/get-creative
There are some social media sites that have utilised creative commons within their structure, allowing you to emebed licences with your creationsSo, on Youtube, if you are adding videos to the website at point of upload you can attach a CC license to ensure your videos is attributed correctly if osmeon else uses it
Youtubealso allows a person to search the site and apply filters so it only retrieves videos that have been licenced under CC, I will add however you do the search first and then you can apply filters for creative commons
Flickr, was one of the first major online communities to incorporate Creative Commons licensing options into its user interface, giving photographers around the world the ability to share photos on terms of their choosing. As the Flickr community grew, so did the number of CC-licensed images — currently there are well over 200 million on the site — establishing Flickr as the Web’s single largest source of CC-licensed contentSo this is one of my own images from flickr and I have set it to attribution, non commercial share alike which means so when you click through to the license it gives you the description in plain English…
you are free to share and remix but you must attribute the work in the manner specified, and it may not be used for commercial purposes, attribution seems to be a stumbling block for many but there are a couple of useful tools out there
Imagecodr allows you to copy and paste the URL of any given image in flickr, it will tell you what the CC license is and then create html code that you can then embed in your website
If you’re not using the image on a website there’s another useful tool that will create a textual version of your attribution, do your search and the image and attribution can simply be copied and pasted in to what ever you require
For sound files there’s a great wee resource called Ccmixter, this is a community music site that features remixes licensed under CC, where you can listen to, sample,mash up and interact with any way you want
Definitions – IPR Definitions - IPRCopyrightRights in PerformancesLaw of ConfidencePatentsRegistered DesignsDesign RightTrade MarksPassing Off
CLA Licence 1 chapter or extract(s) totalling 5% of a book, whichever is greater one article of a journal or set of conference proceedings no more than 10 pages of any poem or short story in an anthology no more than 1 copy per student and member of staff on the courseCLA Scanning Licencewww.cla.co.uk/licences_available/fe/state_fe_scotland
www.scran.ac.uk …hosts 370,000 images, movies and sounds from museums, galleries, archives and the media. It can be used as a superior form of clip art or for particular learning applications.
Institutional licencees may• copy, display, and store the materials for licensed institutional use by staff & students only• make derivative works i.e. documents or worksheets for licensed institutional use by staff & students only• solely use on a secure intranetUnder these conditions• Must Attribute: Credit the rights owner and Scran as shown in each record.• Non Commercial: You must not sell resources or use for any commercial purpose.• No Public Distribution: You must not distribute to a non-subscriber. That includes, amongst other methods, through emails, websites and printouts.
What are Open Educational Resources?Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching andlearning materials that are freely available online foreveryone to use, whether you are an instructor, student orself-learner. Examples of OER include: full courses, coursemodules, syllabi, lectures, homework assignments, quizzes,lab and classroom activities, pedagogical materials, games,simulations, and many more resources contained in digitalmedia collections from around the worldJISC / Higher Education Academy OER infoKit - http://bit.ly/oerinfokitLast accessed 6/6/12
http://creativecommons.org/chooseAttribution. You let others Non-commercial You letcopy, distribute, display, and othersperform your copyrighted copy, distribute, display, awork - and derivative works nd perform your work -based upon it - but only if and derivative works basedthey give you credit. upon it - but for non- commercial purposes only.No Derivative Works You Share Alike You allowlet others copy, distribute, others to distributedisplay, and perform only derivative works onlyverbatim copies of your work, under a license identical tonot derivative works based the license that governsupon it. your work.
stream or download from ccmixter to use in yourown resources, all resources are free of anydigital rights management (DRM)
Keep in mind• Always check the copyright of a resource online, if not sure contact the owner for permission• If on social networking sites, click on the creative commons license to ascertain usage rights• Be clear before you start of what you are looking for and what you want to do with the resource• If you are allowed to use the resource, always ensure correct attribution• Create your own resources!