Hello I am Richard Everett an eLearning Consultant with particular expertise in New Buildings and implementing coherent eLearning Strategies
I like to emphasise at this point that it is really important that pedagogy drives everything. If the technology doesn’t deliver better learning then there is no point in using it. So with apologies to John F Kennedy I liken it to: Ask not what can you do for your technology ask what can your technology do for you?
Behaviours We all behave in different ways. Some people are tidy, others are untidy, some people are methodical, others are not; some people are forgetful; others are not. When it comes to control of lighting, heating and systems which consume energy, automation can ensure that little energy is wasted by detecting when occupants have left their rooms or the house and ensure that everything that needs to be switched off, is. Conversely, it is also possible for people coming home from work to use their mobile phones to ensure that their environment is ready for them when they arrive.
The goal The four E’s of performance are economy, efficiency, effectiveness and efficacy (Carder year unknown) Economy = minimising cost Efficiency = making best use of resources Effectiveness = degree of achievement of outcome Efficacy = degree of relevance of outcome It can be argued that a fundamental role of building intelligence is to generate distinctions that enable IBs to act according to their capabilities and needs. Hence buildings become flexible, adaptable and dynamic organisms. CCp43
Energy efficient buildings The following features are important: High levels of thermal insulation Natural ventilation – connected spaces Exclude excessive solar gain High efficiency lighting Individual control measures Efficient systems equipment and appliances Employ effective facilities management
Many people live and work in buildings and these already use about half of the worlds energy, Edwards and others point to the following factors: Materials: 50% of all resources (sand gravel, clay, iron ore, wood) globally go into construction Energy: 45% of energy is used to heat, light and ventilate buildings and 5% to construct them. Water: 40% of water used globally is for sanitation and other uses in buildings: 16% of water in consumed in construction. Land: 60% of prime agricultural land lost to farming is used for building purposes. Timber: 70% of timber products end up in building construction.
Worker Performance (P) = Motivation x Ability x Opportunity An individual has to want to do the task and then has to be capable of doing it; last but not least, resources and amenities have to be available so that the task can be done. The built environment provides physical and social ambience which affect motivation; the provision of individual control and a healthy environment can enable ability to flourish; communication systems restaurants and other amenities aid motivation and ability even further by providing opportunity for task implementation. ... The built environment therefore has to be sensitive to these requirements and allow individuals to control their surroundings, as well as provide adaptability to changing needs. ... Buildings should be designed for the soul and the spirit not just for the function, convenience and form. CC p62-63
The Carbon Trust modelled scenarios in on the main objective of carbon saving potential: With high potential – Building Controls, Smart metering, Building (fabric, heating, ventilation, cooling, integrated design). Some lower potential ones were – Biomass (for electricity generation), Nuclear Fusion, Solar photovoltaic.
Should you have any questions or concerns about anything in this presentation please do not hesitate to contact me. Alternatively should you wish me to visit your institution and undertake a presentation or workshop I would be very happy to accommodate you. Please feel free to contact me either way.
Richard Everett ICT Officer Strategic Development Essex County Council Aref Taidi Newera Controls CIBSE Intelligent Buildings Group (IBG) Investing in your property – Reducing operational cost and being sustainable
Ask not ‘what can you do for your technology?’ ask ‘what can your technology do for you?’ with apologies to John F Kennedy Investing in your property – Reducing operational cost and being sustainable! Retrofit Refurbishment New build
An intelligent building is a dynamic and responsive architecture that provides every occupant with productive , cost effective and environmentally approved conditions through a continuous interaction among its four basic elements: places (fabric; structure; facilities); processes ( automation; control; systems ;) people (services; users) and management (maintenance; performance) and the interrelation between them.
intelligent i B Unified messaging Cause and effect Building Mgmt Systems Infrastructure Trend analysis AV Digital signage Thin client Blade PCs Cashless catering IP telephony mLearning Wireless Smart cards Learning technology Library systems Room management Buildings
The evidence The 4E’s Examples Economic Reduction of 24% capital cost (Bowen 2005) ROI of 10 years (Kelly 2008) Command more rent (Burr 2008) Efficient Reduction of 36% in running costs (Bowen 2005) Energy bills reduced by 20% (Johnson 2007) Lighting control reductions of some 30-40% (Ratcliff 2008) Identity and Access Management strategy paid for out of efficiency gains (Tizard and Mockford 2008) Energy cost savings between 10-50% (Shapiro 2009) Effective Small productivity gain (0.1-2.0%) large effect (Woods 1989; Clements-Croome 2000 and 2005) Reducing temperature – higher productivity – 1.8% for every 1°C. (Niemelä et al 2001, 2002; Wargocki and Wyon 2006) Increase in quality of learning as a result of higher productivity (Everett 2009; Bakó-Biró 2007and 2008; Clements-Croome 2008; Wargocki and Wyon 2007;) 0.5% productivity increase pays back within 1.6 years (Wyon 1996) 17% improvement in productivity – RAE (McDougall et al 2002) Increased rents by 2-6% (Eichholtz, Kok, and Quigley 2009; RICS 2009) Occupancy rates 4.1% higher (Burr 2008) Higher income growth over 10 years (Baue 2006) Efficacious Sustainable environmental approach (Edwards 2002) Carbon saving strategies (Carbon Trust 2002) 15% reduction in global carbon emissions (Thomas 2009) Focussing on quality of learning (Everett 2009)
McGraw-Hill Green Outlook 2011 Report – Drivers
Reduction in operating costs of:
13.6% for new buildings
8.5% for retrofits
Increase in building values:
10.9% for new buildings
6.8% for retrofits
Increase in return on investment (ROI):
9.9% for new buildings
19.2% for retrofits
Developing a sustainability virtuous circle in Education