Bible course -st matthew


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Una presentación breve en inglés del evangelio de san Mateo

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Bible course -st matthew

  1. 1. 2- The Gospel of St. Matthew
  2. 2. 1. Author  Matthew is, probably, the publican (tax collector) to which Jesus called to be part of the twelve apostles  direct witness of the facts that narrates  also called in the Gospels with the name of Levi.  probably an Hellenized Jew.
  3. 3. 2. Sources Together with Marc and Luke belongs to the so called Synoptic Gospels with a common structure
  4. 4. 3. Date and place  Date: In its primitive form towards the years 60-70  final drafting: towards the year 80, probably by a disciple.  Place: probably written in Syria  the greatest number of Jewish Christianity
  5. 5. 4. Recipiens  The more immediate recipients: Jewish Christianity. Therefore:  No explanation of the Jewish customs (that their readers knew)  No translation of Hebrew vocabulary  Several references to the Old Testament and the Mosaic Law.  Written in Aramaic (used by the Jews who lived in Palestine)
  6. 6. 5. Three most important features  A very didactic Gospel  A gospel of compliance  A gospel of the discourses of the Lord
  7. 7. 6. Structure of the Gospel: 1st part A) PRELUDE (ch 1-2): Childhood of Jesus B) Immediate PREPARATION of Jesus' mission (ch 3 -4,11): Environment: Desert and Jordan C) The MESSIANIC MISSION IN GALILEE. General Synthesis (ch. 4,12 - 9,35).  Jesus teaches: the discourse on the mountain. (4,25-7,28)  Jesus cures the sick (8,1-9,35 and 8,18-22 / 9,9-17) D) Jesus the MESSIAH sends His disciples. (ch. 9,36-11,1). E) Faith CRISIS after the revelation of the Messiah, the Son of God. (ch 11-12) F) The PARABLES. (CH 13,1-52) Thirds major group of lessons.
  8. 8. 7. Structure of the Gospel: 2nd part A) Three JOURNEYS (ch. 14,1-16,20) B) The way to JERUSALEM. (ch. 16,21-21,17) C) OPPOSITION to Jesus and the SCATOLOGICAL DISCOURSE(21,18- 25) D) DEATH and RESURRECTION of Jesus. (ch 26-27)
  9. 9. 8. Most important teachings  Jesus is the Messias, foretold by the prophets  Matthew doesn’t just want to tell a story but to demonstrate that Jesus is the Kyrios  He has inaugurate a Messianic kingdom in the Church  Chirstology is the base for Ecclesiology  Crist asks us for a personal, essential and real continuity of Him  Christ’s followers have to make the Kingdom of heaven on earth.  The Gospel will be announced to all nations for their salvation  Those who believe, even if they are pagans, will receive the kingdom of God.  Jews who didn’t accept Jesus, will be excluded from the Kingdom of God.
  10. 10. THE END Questions?