24/08/09 Problem : We know very little about the quality and results of the Legislative Web sites, contrasting with e-government websites, which many of them are measured, assessed, and improved in a regular basis. Based on the case of the local legislature of the State of Mexico, this paper proposes an approach to understand and evaluate legislative Web sites. Sandoval-Gil-Garcia DEXA EGOV-2009
T here are very few previous studies such as Lazer (2005). Setälä & Grönlund (2006) analyze the contents of the parliamentary websites in 18 democratic.
Esterling (2007) gathered data from the official websites of the US Senate to examine.
Esterling (2007) conducted a more formal study of deliberation sessions with members of the congress.
24/08/09 Sandoval-Gil-Garcia DEXA EGOV-2009
Comparative Chart 24/08/09 E-government Web Site Congress Web Site Main Objective Information and Transactions Information and Interaction Usefulness Time reduction an online transactions Precise information and legislative debate of bills- Citizen Relationship Try to be complete and holistic Bi-directional Value Government efficiency and public image Social participation and public image Services Tax payment, Public servants directory; forums, e-learning, video Laws updating, congressman interaction with citizens; civic culture, online debates.
In this research, the unit of analysis is the Congress of the State of Mexico. The State of Mexico is in the center of Mexico, is one of the biggest states which population reaches more than 12 million.
The first collection of data Interviews were held between March and April of 2008. We conducted an exploratory survey among 50 persons; we directed our interviews to law students, middle level public servants, and some congress staff.
Second collection of data was held by a direct survey among citizens randomly selected.
28 Interviews were held between May and June of 2008, 16 cases were female (57%) and 12 men (43%).
1.Questions in the following questionnaire must be focused on the following elements:
Looking for updated law or new bills,
Rule-making and decisions among congressmen publicized on the website;
2. Bidirectional relationships among citizens and congressmen supported by the need of forums or chats .
3.Questions to understand what kind of features of social networks websites must be adapted to the Congress Web site.
Sandoval-Gil-Garcia DEXA EGOV-2009
24/08/09 4. Results of the first exploratory survey administered to users of the web site were confirmed by non-users surveys made previous the focus group experiment. Both surveys confirm that content is more important than format), although format and design are also important components. These contributions will enable our study to be more focused for the next stage (focus group), and provides directions to develop a more effective legislative web site. Sandoval-Gil-Garcia DEXA EGOV-2009