Behavior Modification<br />Stimulus Control – Ryan Sain<br />
Using stimulus control to your advantage<br />You can use stimulus control to help you deal with difficult situations<br />Sports<br />Performances<br />Speeches<br />When trying to modify existing behavior ask yourself – can I use existing stimulus control to help me?<br />
Rules<br />Rule following behavior is usually well developed as you grow older<br />Allows you to access more SR and avoid SP<br />Clear rules for the consequences are always best<br />But unclear ones work as well (threats or commands)<br />Contingency shaped vs. rule governed behavior<br />Contingency shaped behavior develops by specific contact with a contingency<br />Rule governed develops by direct contact with a contingency for following rules and will eventually lead to contingencies. <br />Allow us to bridge the gaps in delayed reinforcement situations<br />
More on rules<br />Very helpful when rapid changes are needed<br />Contingency shaped can and do take time.<br />Very helpful when consequences are delayed or intermittent<br />Helpful when behavior will lead to sever punishment<br />Make rules as specific as possible in terms of behavior, circumstances and consequences<br />You do not want confusion – as it will lead to no SR and also could decrease rule following behavior<br />Make the reinforcement as immediate as possible (deadlines)<br />
Goals<br />Use goals as motivational factors<br />Used in similar situations as rules and do similar things (bridge gaps to SR)<br />Although they are a form of rules they are used usually when trying to achieve a longer term objective<br />Self talk (rule for now) – vs practice (goal for later)<br />Be specific – in terms of behavior, consequences, settings<br />Use mastery criteria<br />Make them public rather than private (implies social consequences)<br />Use deadlines<br />Give feedback (graphing!)<br />Make a public committment<br />
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.