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324 04 part 1.2 operant conditioning foundations
 

324 04 part 1.2 operant conditioning foundations

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    324 04 part 1.2 operant conditioning foundations 324 04 part 1.2 operant conditioning foundations Presentation Transcript

    • Human Learning Topic 4: Part 1 Operant Conditioning Foundations - continuedCEDP 324 Ryan Sain, Ph.D. 1 3/30/2012
    • Punishment Probably of response decreases  Weakening Processes: Punishment Stimulus: Punisher Have to watch behaviorCEDP 324 Ryan Sain, Ph.D. 2 3/30/2012
    • Reinforcement Types Positive reinforcement  Stimulus is added  Behavior increases Says nothing about good Different strokes for different folks Negative reinforcement  Stimulus is removed  Behavior increases  Escape / avoidanceCEDP 324 Ryan Sain, Ph.D. 3 3/30/2012
    • Punishment Types Positive Punishment  Stimulus is added  Behavior decreases No moral value Negative Punishment  Stimulus is removed  Behavior decreases  Response costCEDP 324 Ryan Sain, Ph.D. 4 3/30/2012
    • Contingency Table Probability of Behavior Increases Decreases Positive Positive Stimulus was Added Reinforcement Punishment Negative Negative Removed Reinforcement PunishmentCEDP 324 Ryan Sain, Ph.D. 5 3/30/2012
    • Types of reinforcers Unconditional reinforcers  Sex, water, food Conditioned reinforcers  Paired with other SR Generalized reinforcers  Work with many people  Work with many behaviorsCEDP 324 Ryan Sain, Ph.D. 6 3/30/2012
    • Three-Term Contingency SD - R - SR+/- Discriminative Stimulus  Behavior is under „control‟ of a stimulus  Consequences are still the key. Describe Increase in “Well done!” SR+ reinforcement behavior …. Car not Wobble goes Get alignment SR- handling well away. Add too much Make Curry Tastes bad. SP+ ginger. “Confirm Press “Yes” Lose paper. SP- Delete?” CEDP 324 Ryan Sain, Ph.D. 7 3/30/2012
    • Complex Behavior and History These processes form complex behavior  Plus a few more Individual behavior patterns  Reinforcement historyCEDP 324 Ryan Sain, Ph.D. 8 3/30/2012
    • Credits www.sxc.hu  Recycle sign - emitea  Candy - sylmac  Nebula - flaivolka  Scaffold - mattox  Prison – stockers9  Start button - ilco  Stop sign – svilen001  Beach - brasswatchCEDP 324 Ryan Sain, Ph.D. 9 3/30/2012