Alcatraz Island A federal “maximun security” prison renowned for housing notorious inmates such as Al Capone.
DEMOGRAPHICS Population: Ethnic Distribution : 15.4% Gay and Lesbian 800,000 (city) 7 million (including the Bay Area) 60% born elsewhere 35% born outside the USA 45% Non-Hispanic white 33% Asian American (20% from China) 14% Hispanic 7.3% African-American Immigrant laborers made the city a”polyglot”culture. Very few children. Homelessness is a chronic problem since the 1980s. High rates of violent and property crime.
HISTORY 1776 The Spanish established a fort at the Golden Gate and a mission (Mission Dolores). 1821 S.F. became part of Mexico (Yerba Buena). 1846 Mexico ceded it to Usa and was renamed San Francisco. 1848 Gold Rush. <ul><li>Rapid growth (1,000 to 25,000 people by the end of </li></ul><ul><li>Banking industry ( Wells Fargo). 1849). </li></ul><ul><li>Railroald (1869) (transcontinental). </li></ul><ul><li>Development of the Seaport of San Francisco. </li></ul><ul><li>Bussiness ( Levi Strauss...). </li></ul><ul><li>Cable cars. </li></ul><ul><li>Victorian architecture. </li></ul>
1906 Earthquake and fire 1930s Great Depression <ul><li>Not in modern history has a city been so completely </li></ul><ul><li>destroyed. </li></ul><ul><li>More than three-quarters of the city in ruins. </li></ul><ul><li>3,000 people died. </li></ul><ul><li>More than half the city population(400,000)homeless </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid rebuilding. </li></ul>1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition <ul><li>Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge and the Bay Bridge. </li></ul><ul><li>The island of Alcatraz started as a federal “maximum security” prison. </li></ul>
A LIBERAL CITY Reputation for Liberalism: Proud of its freedom, tolerance, intelligence and responsibility. Attractiveness for writers and artists: Mark Twain and Robert Louis Stevenson (in the late 1800s). Jack London, Dashiel Hammet , Diego Rivera and Frida khalo (in the early 1900s). Beat Generation in the 1950s. North Beach neighborhood.
Protest culture (Hippies) in the1960s. Haight-Ashbury “Summer of love” in 1967.
Center of the Gay rights movement in the 1970s. The Castro District. Election and assassination of Harvey Milk in 1978. “ Gay capital of the world.”
Liberal activism: Social policies: Democrats and Greens dominating city politics. Healthy San Francisco program (2006)