Workshop plan►Structure of the workshop►Issues to explore in the workshop►Historical overview
Structure of the workshop► Day long session► Duration: 6 to 8 hours► Any question?
SOME RECOMMENDED SOURCES Organization Studies Organizational Science Organization Behaviour Human Relations Harvard Business Review Introduction to Organizational behaviour Research in Organizational Behavior Economists, Financial times…
Issues to explore in the workshopOrganizational behaviour (OB)“the study of human behaviour in organizationalcontexts with a focus on individual and groupprocesses and actions” (pp.2)
Issues to explore in the workshopHong Kong stock exchange, 1994
Issues to explore in the workshop “An entitative approach [to organisations] fails to represent what it means to be human, misrepresents the qualities of the relational processes and, more generally, grossly distorts the relationships between person and organisation” (Hoskings and Morley 1991:IX)
Issues to explore in the workshop“The relationship between a personand a context involves accommodation(changing oneself) and assimilation(changing the context)… people areboth products of their contexts andparticipants in the shaping of thosecontexts.” (Hoskings and Morley, 1991:5) Any Question?
Historical overview The notion of an organisation as an imperative, absolute entity, is the direct outcome of historical transformations occurred in Europe and North America from the end of the 18th century onwards:Before the 19th Century:► Experience of Artisan work (e.g. Ironsmith) Technical skills, personal competence and craft pride constitutive of the working process.Industrial revolution in the 19th Century Close relationship between the subject of work and his/her activity was lost
Historical overviewEarly 20th Century: ‘Classical approach’Advent of scientific management (F.W. Taylor) Aim: controlling labour through science Far-reaching process of establishing control and surveillance: to discipline the mind and body of the productive subject was the central concern. Deconstruction of the task from „within‟ Rigid control over time and body movements Conception and execution as separate domains in hierarchical relationshipsTechnology for social control
Historical overviewHawthorne Studies and the Human RelationsMovement (Elton Mayo, 1923-1933) Hawthorne studies: environment and productivity? Results: organizations are social systems, not just technical economical systems Groups, teamwork, different job roles, human relations are of great significance in organizations We are motivated by many needs Leadership should be modified to include concepts of human relations A new discipline of human behaviour and, by extension, Organisational behaviour. (1960s)
Historical overview Systems Rationalist approach Modern Approach Organisation (open system view) inputs Transformation process outputs1. The organization seen as an open socio-technical system.2. The existence of subsystems which interact with one another.3. Management is a distinct subsystem which is responsible for direction and coordination of all other subsystems.
Historical overviewSymbolic-Interpretativeperspective Andreas Gursky’s The factory► People‟s subjectivity in relation to organisational processes.► Political and cultural nature of social relations.► Social construction of organisational reality, co-creation of the phenomenon you are seeking to study.
To explore in the workshopBY INTRODUCINGDIFFERENT PERSPECTIVESTO THE UNDERSTANDINGOF PEOPLE ANDORGANISATIONS, WE HOPE:TO STIMULATE YOUR SEARCHFOR NEW KNOWLEDGE,CREATIVITY AND SKILLS ASORGANISATIONALPRACTITIONERS
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