PERMISSION: Asking for permissionWe use can to ask for permission to do something:Eg, Can I ask a question, please?Could and may can also be used (more polite than can)Eg, Could I download some photos onto your computer? May I make myself a sandwich?
PERMISSION: Asking for permission, more polite ways Do you think I could (send a few e-mails)? Is it OK if I (make a phone call)? Do you mind if I (turn on the TV)? Would you mind if I (gave my boyfriend a call)?*After would you mind if….? the Past Simple is used.Eg, Would you mind if I used your computer?
GIVING PERMISSIONWe normally give permission by saying: To give permission with*Yes, of course (you Do you mind if I…? can/could/may; it Would you mind if I …. is, etc);*Sure, go ahead; Help We usually say: yourself, etc No, not at allEg A: Is it OK if I Eg: A: Would you mind borrow a pen? if I closed the window?B: Of course it is/ B: No, not at all Sure….
REFUSING PERMISSION•We don’t usually say no to refuse permission becauseit isn’t polite•Instead of saying no, we usually give a reason to saywhy we refuse permission.•When we refuse permission, we often use Sorry,….orActually at the beginning of the sentence to be polite.eg; A: Would you mind If I used your computer? B: Actually I’m going to work with it.
REQUESTS: asking someone to do something We use can you and will you to make requests: Can you take a message please? Will you carry this for me please could you and would you (more formal than can and will) Would you carry this for me please? Could I have my bill please?
REQUESTS: asking someone to do something more politely Do you think you could (send me the requests by e- mail)? Would you mind (opening the door for me, please)? Do you mind (sitting at the back)?*The verbs after Would you mind…/Do you mind….take the–ing form
REQUESTS: ResponsesYes, of courseSure*With Would you mind…./ do you mind…? Of course not
Practice Click here and here to do some exercises.