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What are mobile devices?• full-sized laptop  computer• lightweight netbook or  tablet computer• dedicated e-book reader• H...
“In terms of demographicprofiling, a surprising finding isthat older students tended tofavor tablets(p=0.0004), smartphone...
Mobile Internet use, by                   demographics       Source: The Pew ResearchCenters Internet & American LifeProje...
Smartphone ownership         demographics      Source: Pew Research         Center’s Internet & American Life Project Apri...
Source: The Pew    Research CentersInternet & American Life Project, April 26       – May 22, 2011       Spring Tracking  ...
Which cell internet       users go online   mostly using their        phones?           Source: Pew    Research Center’sIn...
Source: ECAR NationalStudy of Undergraduate           Students and            Information      Technology, 2011
Source: ECAR National  Study of UndergraduateStudents and Information        Technology, 2012
Source: ECAR National Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology, 2012
2011 Horizon Report         2012 Horizon ReportTime-to-Adoption            Time-to-AdoptionOne Year or Less            One...
Source:       ECAR  National   Study of Undergra      duate  Students        and Informati         onTechnolog    y, 2010
*indicates statisticallysignificant differencescompared withwhites.      Source: The Pew     Research Centers  Internet & ...
Mobile Teaching vs. Mobile Learning• Higher education historically has focused on instructors  teaching rather than studen...
“Given students’ ownership of      Studentsand preference for                 • are unconfident that theysmall, mobile    ...
Among studentswho use asmartphone foracademics,• 44% use an  iPhone• 46& use an  Android  device    Source: ECAR National ...
CC image posted at Flickr by Roozbeh Rokni
CIOs & InstitutionsAlthough…“In general, IT organizations believe they are reasonablywell prepared to meet the expected de...
Why mobile learning?Source: ECAR National Study of UndergraduateStudents and Information Technology, 2011
How mobile composition?Process: Emphasis on Invention                 Multimodal Production                               ...
How will we support it?CIOs & InstitutionsAlthough…“In general, IT organizations believe they are reasonablywell prepared ...
Mobileland EDUCAUSE 2012
Mobileland EDUCAUSE 2012
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Mobileland EDUCAUSE 2012

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Slides used during the debriefing of the Mobileland workshop during the 2012 EDUCAUSE conference.
https://sites.google.com/site/mccmobileland/channeling-lewis-carol

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  • ECAR 2011 survey:• A full-sized laptop computer is one that is designed to be portable; it usually weighs more than two pounds; the keyboard and monitor are usually attached to each other. • A lightweight netbook or tablet computer is highly portable; it usually weighs less than two pounds; its monitor is small (usually 10” or less) and the keyboard may be small and built in or the keys may be displayed in video on a touch screen. iPad is included here. • A dedicated e-book reader is a portable device whose sole function is as a platform for reading electronic books and certain other electronic publications. Examples include the Kindle, NOOK, and the like; iPad and similar tablet devices serve many other functions and so are not included here. • A handheld device is usually about the size of a cellular telephone and often includes one; it has a screen that can show e-mail messages, web pages, video, etc.; and its keyboard is a few inches across, at most. We are not interested in devices that are plain cellular phones or are music/video players only, such as certain iPods. Pew: smartphone defined as adults who either say their phone is a smartphone when asked or say their phoen runs on the Android, blackberry, iPhone, Palm, or Windows platforms.
  • NOTICE DATE… SEPT 2012And as of 2011, 56.24% of Americans have attended college (some college  PhD): http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/education/data/cps/2011/tables.html (US Census data)
  • 88% cell phone; EDUCAUSE doesn’t even ask undergrads whether they own a cell phone; only if smartphoneDesktop down while laptop going upSpikes in e-reader & tablets (chuckle over tablet; both Susan and I had them before they were cheap…I miss mini-me)
  • Over number of those attending/have attended college;Average college age ranges- high %Transition on “no statistical significance”
  • Want to especially focus on growth in Race/Ethnicity less than one yearWhite—15%Black & Hispanic – 5% --STILL HIGHER
  • Mobile Access Gap…Black & Hispanic mostly go online through mobileLower income householdsTELL STORY ABOUT MY MESA PROJECT
  • UGH…this begins to blow up the story I want to make about socio-economics & access…10% is still a recognizable number
  • HOWEVER…Students at two-year institutions differ from other undergraduates in their technology ownership and preferences. Students at associate’s colleges and other two-year programs are more likely to own stationary technologies, such as desktop computers and stationary gaming and video devices, particularly in comparison to students at doctorate-granting institutions. Students at institutions that award master’s and doctorate degrees are more likely to own portable technologies, such as laptops, iPods, webcams, thumb drives, and Wi-Fi devices. Still, there are both mobile devices (e.g., iPads) and stationary technologies (e.g., HDTVs) for which there are no significant differences among students at institutions of different Carnegie Classifications. In addition, the preference for Windows platforms is significantly higher among students attending associate’s colleges or other two-year programs than it is among those attending other institutions. Seventy four percent of students at associate’s colleges prefer Windows PCs, compared to 58 percent of all other students.
  • THE INTERNET OF THINGShe Internet of Things has become a sort of shorthand for network-aware smart objects that connect the physical world with the world of information. A smart object has four key attributes: it is small, and thus easy to attach to almost anything; it has a unique identifier; it has a small store of data or information; and it has a way to communicate that information to an external device on demand. The Internet of Things extends that concept by using TCP/IP as the means to convey the information, thus making objects addressable (and findable) on the Internet.
  • My Rant…EDUCAUSE Quarterly, March 29, 2011
  • BYOD—you’ve scene what forcing a colleague or student on to a platform in a computer lab does…???Hacking—think of it as an aspect of the rhetorical context…http://blog.nielsen.com/nielsenwire/consumer/more-us-consumers-choosing-smartphones-as-apple-closes-the-gap-on-android/
  • http://blog.nielsen.com/nielsenwire/online_mobile/who-owns-smartphones-in-the-us/
  • http://www.educause.edu/library/resources/mobile-it-higher-education-2011-reportECAR Report: Mobile IT in Higher Education, 2011“Institutions pursuing a balanced approach to mobile development—one that includes elements from several strategies, such as mobile web, native apps, or mobile frameworks—tend to report greater progress.”Mobile frameworks: cell coverage and ubiquitouswi-fi
  • http://www.educause.edu/library/resources/mobile-it-higher-education-2011-reportECAR Report: Mobile IT in Higher Education, 2011“Institutions pursuing a balanced approach to mobile development—one that includes elements from several strategies, such as mobile web, native apps, or mobile frameworks—tend to report greater progress.”Mobile frameworks: cell coverage and ubiquitouswi-fi
  • Transcript of "Mobileland EDUCAUSE 2012"

    1. 1. What are mobile devices?• full-sized laptop computer• lightweight netbook or tablet computer• dedicated e-book reader• Handheld device• cell/mobile vs. smartphone CC image posted at Flickr by andyi
    2. 2. “In terms of demographicprofiling, a surprising finding isthat older students tended tofavor tablets(p=0.0004), smartphones(p<0.0001), and e-readers(p=0.0082) over youngerstudents. Cost could be a factorhere, with younger students nothaving the purchasing power toacquire these devices. Butregardless of the reason, thesedata suggest that studentstransitioning directly formsecondary to postsecondaryeducation are not prepared touse these devices as academictools, or at least haven’t foundthem to be very or extremelyimportantNational Study of Undergraduate ECAR yet.” Students and Information Technology, 2012 Who Owns Smartphones? Source: Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project, Summer Tracking Survey, August 7-September 6, 2012.N=3,014 adults ages 18 and older. Interviews were conducted in English and Spanish and on landline and cell phones (1,206 cell calls were completed). Margin of error is +/- 2 percentage points.
    3. 3. Mobile Internet use, by demographics Source: The Pew ResearchCenters Internet & American LifeProject’s August Tracking Survey conducted July 25-August26, 2011. N=2,260 adults age 18 and older, including 916 interviews conducted by cell phone. Interviews were conducted in both English and
    4. 4. Smartphone ownership demographics Source: Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project April 26-May 22, 2011 and January 20-February 19, 2012 tracking surveys. For 2011 data, n=2,277 adultsages 18 and older, including 755 interviews conductedon respondent’s cell phone. For 2012 data, n=2,253 adults and survey includes 901 cell phone interviews. Both 2011 and 2012 data include Spanish-language interviews.
    5. 5. Source: The Pew Research CentersInternet & American Life Project, April 26 – May 22, 2011 Spring Tracking Survey. n=2,277 adult internet users ages 18 and older, including 755 cell phone interviews. Interviews wereconducted in English and Spanish.
    6. 6. Which cell internet users go online mostly using their phones? Source: Pew Research Center’sInternet & American Life Project, March 15-April 3, 2012 Tracking survey. N=2,254 adults ages 18 and older, including 903 interviews conducted on respondent’s cell phone. Margin of error is +/-3.7 percentage points based on those who use the internet or email on their cell phone (n=929). *Representssignificant difference compared with non- starred rows ingroup. **Representssignificant difference compared with all other rows in group.
    7. 7. Source: ECAR NationalStudy of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology, 2011
    8. 8. Source: ECAR National Study of UndergraduateStudents and Information Technology, 2012
    9. 9. Source: ECAR National Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology, 2012
    10. 10. 2011 Horizon Report 2012 Horizon ReportTime-to-Adoption Time-to-AdoptionOne Year or Less One Year or Less• Electronic Books • Mobile Apps• Mobiles • Tablet ComputingTwo to Three Years Two to Three Years• Augmented Reality • Game-Based Learning• Game-Based Learning • Learning AnalyticsFour to Five Years Four to Five Years• Gesture-Based Computing • Gesture-Based Computing• Learning Analytics • Internet of Things
    11. 11. Source: ECAR National Study of Undergra duate Students and Informati onTechnolog y, 2010
    12. 12. *indicates statisticallysignificant differencescompared withwhites. Source: The Pew Research Centers Internet & AmericanLife Project, April 26 – May 22, 2011 Spring Tracking Survey. n=2,277 adults ages 18 and older, including 755cell phone interviews. Interviews were conducted in English and Spanish.
    13. 13. Mobile Teaching vs. Mobile Learning• Higher education historically has focused on instructors teaching rather than students learning, an ineffective approach that could seriously hamper the promise of mobile learning.• Successful student learning emerges from active engagement, connection to the students prior knowledge, and simulation of real world experiences — all facilitated by engaging learners senses through multimedia.• Higher education should stop thinking about these powerful mobile multimedia devices as only consumption devices — to live up to the promise of mobile learning, students http://bit.ly/MobileTeach
    14. 14. “Given students’ ownership of Studentsand preference for • are unconfident that theysmall, mobile have the technology skills todevices, institutions and meet their needs.instructors may have an • want/need for instructorsopportunity to make more to model incorporatingeffective use of mobile technology intotechnologies to communicate teaching, learning, andwith, educate, and support research.students. Many students seemeager to communicate morewith their instructorsonline, to use their mobiledevices for coursework, and toreach out for help when they Source: ECAR National Study of Undergraduateneed it.” Students and Information Technology, 2011
    15. 15. Among studentswho use asmartphone foracademics,• 44% use an iPhone• 46& use an Android device Source: ECAR National Study of UndergraduateStudents and Information Technology, 2012
    16. 16. CC image posted at Flickr by Roozbeh Rokni
    17. 17. CIOs & InstitutionsAlthough…“In general, IT organizations believe they are reasonablywell prepared to meet the expected demands for mobilecomputing across the four areas of generalcommunication, instruction, administration, andresearch.”• More than 1/3, no spending on mobile-enablement• Varied staffing levels dedicated to mobile• 40% did not mobile-enable any service• More services geared towards students ECAR Report: Mobile IT in Higher Education, 2011
    18. 18. Why mobile learning?Source: ECAR National Study of UndergraduateStudents and Information Technology, 2011
    19. 19. How mobile composition?Process: Emphasis on Invention Multimodal Production CC image posted at Flickr by Nar8iv / Scott WCC image posted at Flickr by Nils Geylen
    20. 20. How will we support it?CIOs & InstitutionsAlthough…“In general, IT organizations believe they are reasonablywell prepared to meet the expected demands for mobilecomputing across the four areas of generalcommunication, instruction, administration, andresearch.”• More than 1/3, no spending on mobile-enablement• Varied staffing levels dedicated to mobile• 40% did not mobile-enable any service• More services geared towards students ECAR Report: Mobile IT in Higher Education, 2011
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