Unit 6 - The Continents 1º ESO

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1º ESO Bilingual History. SANTILLANA class book used.

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Unit 6 - The Continents 1º ESO

  1. 1. The Continents Unit 6
  2. 2. What do you remember? Answer the questions on page 60 in your notebook.
  3. 3. 1- Where are these physical features found? Take your blank world map and locate these places (A to F, page 61).
  4. 4. Homework Activities 1 and 2 on page 61.
  5. 5. 2- What are Africa’s relief and climate like? THE LANDSCAPE OF AFRICA Its area is over 30 million m2. Activity: -In your notebook, answer the questions on page 62 about the african relief.
  6. 6. Rivers and lakes, and relief Locate in your map the geographical features from your copy.
  7. 7. Homework Activities 1 and 2 on page 63.
  8. 8. 3- What are Asia’s relief and climate like? Locate on the map the geographical features from your copy.
  9. 9. Relief -Asia has the highest mountains, the highest plateaus and also the deepest depressions. -The Himalayas are the highest mountains range in the world and Mount Everest is the highest mountain. -Plateaus and plains are very high in Asia. -The main depressions in Asia host three important inland seas: the Caspian Sea, the Aral Sea and the Dead Sea. -There are many islands, especially in East Asia.
  10. 10. Rivers and lakes -Asian rivers are generally long. -Their flows increase when snow melts or during monsoons. -Asia has some important lakes as well. -Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world. -The Caspian Sea is the largest lake.
  11. 11. Homework Activities 1 and 2 on page 64. Activities 1 and 2 in page 65.
  12. 12. 4- What are Oceania’s relief and climate like? -Oceania is the smallest continent. -It is located to the south-east of Asia. ACTIVITY -Exercise 1 on page 66.
  13. 13. The landscape -Oceania is formed by thousands of islands. -It could be divided into 4 areas: Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. -There are large islands: Australia (the largest island on Earth), New Guinea (divided between Asia and Oceania), and New Zealand (North and South Island). -There are thousands of small islands. The average altitude of Oceania is low: 340 m.
  14. 14. Climate -Most of Oceania is between the Tropics, so it has warm climates. -Climates are temperate in the north and south of the continent. -Cyclones and typhoons are common in the tropical region, as in Hawaii. -The islands are isolated, consequently they have many endemic plants (specific for that place).
  15. 15. Homework Activities 1, 2 and 3 on page 67 in your notebook.
  16. 16. 5- What are America’s relief and climate like? - Western hemisphere. - Second largest continent. - Longest continent: from the Arctic to the Antarctic circle. - It is surrounded by three oceans: Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic. Work in your notebook: exercise 1 on page 68.
  17. 17. Relief - High average altitude. - Main features: . Mountain ranges -> Rocky mountains, the Andes, the Appalachians. . Plains -> the Great Plains in North America or the plain around the Amazonas in South America. . Plateaus -> Altiplano of Bolivia.
  18. 18. Rivers and lakes. - America has some very long rivers with large flows. - The main ones are the Mississippi and the Amazonas. -There are many lakes, especially in North America. -The Great Lakes or Lake Titicaca are between the more relevants.
  19. 19. Climate and vegetation - America stretches from pole to pole, so it has all the different climates and landscapes. - Cold and temperate climates predominate in North America. - Tropical climates predominate in Central America. - Hot and temperate climates predominate in South America. - Mountainous regions have cold climates.
  20. 20. Homework Exercice 1 on page 69.

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