3- What are Asia’s relief and climate like?
Locate on the map the geographical features from your copy.
-Asia has the highest mountains, the
highest plateaus and also the deepest
-The Himalayas are the highest mountains
range in the world and Mount Everest is
the highest mountain.
-Plateaus and plains are very high in Asia.
-The main depressions in Asia host three
important inland seas: the Caspian Sea,
the Aral Sea and the Dead Sea.
-There are many islands, especially in East
Rivers and lakes
-Asian rivers are generally long.
-Their flows increase when snow
melts or during monsoons.
-Asia has some important lakes as
-Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in
-The Caspian Sea is the largest lake.
Activities 1 and 2 on page 64.
Activities 1 and 2 in page 65.
4- What are Oceania’s relief and climate like?
-Oceania is the smallest continent.
-It is located to the south-east of Asia.
-Exercise 1 on page 66.
-Oceania is formed by thousands of islands.
-It could be divided into 4 areas: Australasia,
Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.
-There are large islands: Australia (the largest
island on Earth), New Guinea (divided
between Asia and Oceania), and New
Zealand (North and South Island).
-There are thousands of small islands.
The average altitude of Oceania is low: 340
-Most of Oceania is between the
Tropics, so it has warm climates.
-Climates are temperate in the north
and south of the continent.
-Cyclones and typhoons are common
in the tropical region, as in Hawaii.
they have many
endemic plants (specific for that
Activities 1, 2 and 3 on page 67 in your notebook.
5- What are America’s relief and climate like?
- Western hemisphere.
- Second largest continent.
- Longest continent: from the
Arctic to the Antarctic circle.
- It is surrounded by three oceans:
Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic.
Work in your notebook: exercise 1
on page 68.
- High average altitude.
- Main features:
Mountain ranges -> Rocky
. Plains -> the Great Plains in North
America or the plain around the
Amazonas in South America.
. Plateaus -> Altiplano of Bolivia.
Rivers and lakes.
- America has some very long
rivers with large flows.
The main ones are the
Mississippi and the Amazonas.
especially in North America.
-The Great Lakes or Lake
Titicaca are between the more
Climate and vegetation
- America stretches from pole to
pole, so it has all the different
climates and landscapes.
- Cold and temperate climates
predominate in North America.
- Tropical climates predominate in
- Hot and temperate climates
predominate in South America.
- Mountainous regions have cold