WORKS CITED PAGE
At least 6 (six) academic sources besides
primary and secondary sources
Any Internet sources not available through
PowerLibrary must be approved prior to use.
All entries must be utilized and cited within your
This research paper is
weighed as a large
portion of your final
exam, which is 1/5 of your
overall grade for the year.
A RESEARCH PAPER IS
A Book report
YOUR (the writer’s) opinion
Derived from one source
A RESEARCH PAPER
Summarize information gleaned not just from
one source, but from a series of sources
Include both primary sources and secondary
Primary sources - firsthand material, novels,
interviews, & letters
Secondary sources - works about someone
Merge the information from the various
sources into one smooth coherent product.
CHOOSING A SUBJECT
Teacher assigned vs. Student choice
Must be large enough to fill the assigned size and
small enough to be covered in that space
variety of sources
Come up with a general subject you like first, find
info, then narrow it to something manageable
Determine your thesis.
COMING UP WITH ATHESIS
A Thesis is the statement you are going to prove in your paper
Do preliminary research
Come up with a question (“Shakespeare” is not a thesis)
Do some research to answer that question
YOURTHESIS WILL BETHE
THE “SO WHAT? WHO
Will anybody care about your thesis?
NOBODY wants to read about something they already
Examples of thesis that fails the test:
“Shakespeare is considered one of the
greatest writers in British history.”
“Greek Mythology has had a great impact
YOU MUST HAVEYOUR THESIS
SELECTED BY DECEMBER 3RD
Email me your thesis statement.
WHERE TO GO FOR MORE HELP
OWL (Online Writing Lab)-
An online tutorial that takes the
reader through the research
WORK CITED CARDS
Macbeth. The Riverside
this set of cards
you will put it
on the Works
One Piece of
“I am in blood/Stepp’d in so far that,
should I wade no more,/Returning
were as tedious as go o’re.”
(Macbeth saying he’s already too
guilty to stop committing crimes.)
Page number of
book you found
Topic or heading under which this
information will go
OTHER NOTE TAKING OPTIONS
very versatile if you own the
Works in conjunction with
Office Live, thus it is accessible
Not all versions of MS Office
come with OneNote
Can be used from any
computer with internet access
You don’t need to download
software to use basic features
Notes are accessible from
Isn’t as versatile as the PAY
version of MS OneNote
Include Thesis statement at top.
Major topics headed with Roman Numerals
Secondary topics headed with capital Arabic
“A” requires “B”
“A” & “B” must be closely related
Purpose: to explain how to do an
outline before creating a speech
A. What is an outline?
B. Why is it needed?
1. Road map example
2. Skeleton example
II. Parts of an outline
D. Sub Topics
1. Roman Numerals for
2. Capital letters for sub
3. Numbers for next level
of sub topic
B. “A” requires “B”
C. Closely related
Quote only words, phrases, lines, and passages
that are particularly interesting, vivid, unusual,
Keep all quotations as brief as possible.
Over quotation can bore your readers.
RULE OFTHUMB—No more than Twenty
Percent of your paper should be direct quotes
If a prose quotation runs no more than four typed
lines and requires no special emphasis, put it in
quotation marks and incorporate it in the text.
“It was the best of times, it was the worst of
times” wrote Charles Dickens of the eighteenth
century in the book ATale ofTwo Cities (1).
Sometimes you may want to quote just a word or
phrase as part of your sentence.
For Charles Dickens the eighteenth century was
both “the best of times” and “the worst of
times” (Dickens 1).
Paraphrase a quote to:
Shorten the length
Simplify the language
YOU MUST STILL CITE A
PARAPHRASED SECTION OF
MLA IN-TEXT CITATIONS
In parenthesis ()
Usually the author’s last name and page
number, but not always
It’s part of the sentence so it goes
inside the end punctuation
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.