The British Renaissance

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The British Renaissance

  1. 1. The English Renaissance<br />The REBIRTH of Classical Knowledge<br />
  2. 2. Life is GOOD!<br /><ul><li>Human beings and nature as the results of natural law rather than occult powers
  3. 3. Focus on afterlife switches to focus on the Here and Now.</li></ul>Discovery of New World and International Travel<br />Invention of the printing press<br />Rise of Democracy and Nationalism<br />Revitalized interest in education and the founding of Universities<br />Patronage of the arts<br />
  4. 4. Rediscovery of the classics<br />Took classical Greek and Roman writing as an example <br />Classic writings show mankind as glorious individuals capable ofgreatness<br />the opposite of what church taught at the time<br />
  5. 5. Sonnet<br />A poem of fourteen lines. <br />Renaissance sonnets often dealt with love from afar. <br />A group of sonnets on the same subject are called a sonnet cycleor sequence.<br />There are two popular types:<br />
  6. 6. Sonnet<br />Italian or Petrarchan: <br />Divided into an Octave and a Sestet (8 and 6 lines)<br />Rhyme scheme of abbaabba cdecde<br />
  7. 7. Sonnet<br />Shakespearean or English: <br />Four divisions- three quatrains and a rhymed concluding couplet<br />Typical rhyme scheme is abab cdcd efef gg<br />Spenser sometimes combined the types with what is called a Spenserian Sonnet (very rare) <br />
  8. 8. Sir Philip Sidney<br />Son of a respected statesman, but carried himself with extreme modesty<br />A courtier, soldier, scholar and poet<br />Respected for his intelligence & good judgment at the royal court<br />Most famous work was Astrophel and Stella, England’s first great sonnet sequence<br />Was engaged to Penelope Devereux, but eventually it was broken off. She is the basis of Stella<br />Also wrote Defence of Poesy, a defense of literature when it was attacked by the puritans<br />Was killed in battle, died very nobly<br />
  9. 9. Christopher Marlowe<br />Son of middle class shoemaker, went to Cambridge on a scholarship.<br />possibly an atheist, highly unorthodox for the time<br />Popularized BLANK VERSE<br />possibly a spy for Queen Elizabeth’s Secret Service<br />murdered in a bar fight. May have been political assassination.<br />Famous works: The Tragical History of the life and Death of Doctor Faustus, the pastoral poem “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love”<br />Was a major influence on the work of Shakespeare.<br />

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