Subject-Verb Agreement<br />
Agreement<br />Present tense verbs in English should agree with the subject of the sentence<br />Singular subjects use sin...
Identify the Subject<br />Ignore words that come between the subject and the verb<br />Reduce sentences to their simplest ...
Compound Subjects using “And”<br />Most compound subjects joined by “and” are plural<br />Bert and Ernie is / are special ...
Compound Subjects using “Or”<br />When the subject is joined with “or” or “nor” the verb agrees with the words closest to ...
Indefinite Pronouns<br />Indefinite pronouns are singular <br />every, everyone, everybody, each, neither, either, none, o...
Collective Nouns<br />Words such as jury,committee, or herd will be singularwhen everyone in the group is acting together<...
Here, There, and It<br />When the sentence begins with Here or There, the subject follows the verb and controls whether th...
Words Ending in S<br />Words such as economics, AIDS,physics and news are singular<br />Economicsis fun and exciting<br />...
Money and Measurement<br />Units of time, money, distance, and weight use singular verbs<br />Twenty kilometresis a long d...
Titles<br />The title of a movie, book or magazine requires a singular verb<br />Lost Horizonsis a book about a utopia<br ...
Interactive Exercises<br />Click on the button below to get to the interactive exercises<br />No disk is required<br />
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Subject verb agreement

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Subject verb agreement

  1. 1. Subject-Verb Agreement<br />
  2. 2. Agreement<br />Present tense verbs in English should agree with the subject of the sentence<br />Singular subjects use singular verbs<br />Jack robs liquor stores (s on the verb)<br />Plural subjects use plural verbs<br />Bonnie and Clyde rob banks (no s on the verb)<br />Most native speaker do this instinctively<br />More complex problems require you to learn a few rules<br />
  3. 3. Identify the Subject<br />Ignore words that come between the subject and the verb<br />Reduce sentences to their simplest form<br />A good set of skis costs / cost hundreds of dollars<br />A good set of skis costs / cost hundreds of dollars<br />A good set of skis costs hundreds of dollars<br />My boss, as well as her staff, leave / leaves early every Friday<br />My boss, as well as her staff, leave / leaves early every Friday<br />My boss, as well as her staff, leaves early every Friday<br />
  4. 4. Compound Subjects using “And”<br />Most compound subjects joined by “and” are plural<br />Bert and Ernie is / are special friends<br />Bert and Ernie is / are special friends (plural verb)<br />Exception: If the words joined by “and” refer to a single thing, the subject is also singular<br />War and Peaceis a very thick book (singular)<br />My friend and co-worker is waiting to see you (singular)<br />
  5. 5. Compound Subjects using “Or”<br />When the subject is joined with “or” or “nor” the verb agrees with the words closest to the verb<br />Neither the instructor nor the studentshas / have any control over the number of 8 o’clock classes <br />Neither the instructor nor the studentshas / have any control over the number of 8 o’clock classes (plural verb)<br />Either two credit cards or a membership is / are needed before you can rent movies <br />Either two credit cards or a membership is / are needed before you can rent movies (singular verb)<br />Note: While the above example is correct, it is usually better to place the plural word closer to the verb<br />Either a membership or two credit cardsare needed before you can rent movies (plural verb) <br />
  6. 6. Indefinite Pronouns<br />Indefinite pronouns are singular <br />every, everyone, everybody, each, neither, either, none, one, no one<br />Every student has / have a unique student number<br />Every student has / have a unique student number<br />None of us admit / admits to sending the e-mail message<br />None of us admit / admits to sending the e-mail message<br />Ignore prepositional phrases coming between the subject and the verb<br />Each of the five departments is / are hiring new instructors<br />Each of the five departments is / are hiring new instructors<br />
  7. 7. Collective Nouns<br />Words such as jury,committee, or herd will be singularwhen everyone in the group is acting together<br />The juryis / are deciding the fate of the accused<br />The juryis / are deciding the fate of the accused<br />Collective nouns will beplural when the members of the group are not acting together<br />The juryis / are undecided on the guilt of the accused<br />The juryis / are undecided on the guilt of the accused<br />
  8. 8. Here, There, and It<br />When the sentence begins with Here or There, the subject follows the verb and controls whether the verb is plural <br />Here are my reasons for quitting (plural)<br />There is no need to pay me next week (singular)<br />It is always singular<br />It was the long hours that bothered me (singular)<br />
  9. 9. Words Ending in S<br />Words such as economics, AIDS,physics and news are singular<br />Economicsis fun and exciting<br />The newsis usually broadcast live<br />Words such as scissors, eyeglasses and pants that name things with two parts are plural <br />My glasseswere broken when I did a face plant <br />
  10. 10. Money and Measurement<br />Units of time, money, distance, and weight use singular verbs<br />Twenty kilometresis a long distance to skate to work each day<br />Eight dollars an houris a poor rate<br />The expression thenumber is singular <br />The number of failures is decreasing<br />The expression anumber is plural<br /> A number of people are leaving<br />
  11. 11. Titles<br />The title of a movie, book or magazine requires a singular verb<br />Lost Horizonsis a book about a utopia<br />The Simpsonsis my favourite TV show<br />
  12. 12. Interactive Exercises<br />Click on the button below to get to the interactive exercises<br />No disk is required<br />

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