FictionPurpose•Narrates (tells a story)•EntertainsSubjects•Made-up events•Made-up characters•Made-up settingsNarrator/Speaker•A character may tell the story
NonfictionPurpose• Explains• Informs• Persuades• Describes• EntertainsSubjects• ideas• Fact-based events• Real people• Real placesNarrator/Speaker• Author is always the speaker
FictionPurpose Purpose May•Narrates (tells a story) explain, inform, •Explains persuade, or •Informs•Entertains describe •Persuades •DescribesSubjects •Entertains May tell a story•Made-up events Subjects May be based on•Made-up characters real •ideas•Made-up settings events, people, and •Fact-based events places •Real peopleNarrator/Speaker •Real places May include•A character may tell made-up Narrator/Speaker the story examples •Author is always the speaker
underlying meaning of the story,a universal truth,a significant statement the story ismaking about society, humannature, or the human condition.
Themes can be found everywhere:literature, stories, art, movies etc…The theme of a fable is its moral.The theme of a parable is its teaching.The theme of a piece of literature is itsview about life and how people behave.
Theme = ideaThe theme of a literarywork is its underlyingcentral idea or thegeneralization itcommunicates aboutlife.
At times the authors theme maynot confirm or agree with yourown beliefs.
Be aware that the theme never completely explains the story. It is simply one of the elements that make up the whole. Some short stories have secondary themes as well.
Nonfiction: Main IdeaThe central message, insight, or opinion in a work ofnonfiction.The supporting details are the pieces of evidence a writeruses to prove his or her point.Reread to help you identify the main idea and supportingdetails in a work. As you read, follow these steps:• Note key details to decide what the main idea might be.• If a detail does not seem to support that main idea, reread the passage to be sure that you have not misinterpreted it.• If necessary, revise your assumptions about the main idea.
Detail Detail Detail MainDetail Idea Detail Detail Detail