17th Century


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17th Century

  1. 1. The Seventeenth Century <ul><li>A period of civil war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious strife </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extortion by King Charles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Led to the Protectorate of Oliver Cromwell </li></ul><ul><li>Eventual restoration of the Monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>Literature continued in the vein of the Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>Time of great poetry </li></ul>
  2. 2. John Donne <ul><li>Ranked as one of England’s premiere poets </li></ul><ul><li>Was a wild youth; Donne’s religious convictions have been called into question </li></ul><ul><li>Switched from Roman Catholic to Anglican (some say this was to advance his career in court) </li></ul><ul><li>Was the most popular preacher in England; during his life his meditations and sermons were widely read </li></ul>
  3. 3. Metaphysical Poetry <ul><li>Focused on philosophical and religious issues </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics include intellectual playfulness, paradoxes, irony, and elaborate and unusual conceits </li></ul><ul><li>Most famous writer of this time was John Donne </li></ul>
  4. 4. Paradox <ul><li>A statement whose two parts seem contradictory yet make sense with more thought. </li></ul><ul><li>Reveals a kind of truth which at first seems contradictory. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christ used paradox in his teaching: &quot;They have ears but hear not.“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Fair is Foul; Foul is Fair” </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Conceit <ul><li>A far-fetched simile or metaphor, a literary conceit occurs when the speaker compares two highly dissimilar things. </li></ul><ul><li>comparable to an extended metaphor, conceit seems to bend reality and establish more of an imaginative image than does the extended metaphor. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ben Jonson <ul><li>A man of almost legendary proportions, vain, pugnacious and given to excessive drinking. </li></ul><ul><li>Was a soldier and a bricklayer. Was massively proportioned. </li></ul><ul><li>Killed a man in a duel </li></ul><ul><li>Very charismatic and forceful </li></ul><ul><li>Friend of Donne and friendly rival to Shakespeare (Shakespeare was an actor in one of his plays) </li></ul><ul><li>Poets who followed in his footsteps were called the “Sons of Ben” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Apostrophe <ul><li>A work which addresses an idea, an inanimate object, or a missing or dead person as though they can hear and understand the work. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Carpe Diem <ul><li>SIEZE THE DAY </li></ul><ul><li>Captured the spirit of “Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we may die.” </li></ul><ul><li>Often used to get maidens to yield to love while they still had their youth. </li></ul><ul><li>Most famous may be Robert Herrick’s “To the Virgins, To Make Much of Time” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Cavalier Lyricists (poets) <ul><li>Followers of King Charles and supporters of the Parliament </li></ul><ul><li>Got name from the fact many were from the landed gentry who could go into battle as part of the Cavalry. </li></ul><ul><li>Composed lighthearted poetry dealing with earthly matters like love, chivalry, and loyalty to the king </li></ul><ul><li>Poems were witty and often licentious </li></ul>
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